Egon Hartmann (architect)

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Skyscraper in Erfurt, viewed from the southwest
Houses in Block B of Karl-Marx-Allee, formerly Stalinallee, in Berlin
Reichenberger Brunnen on the forecourt of Kongress am Park in Augsburg

Egon Hartmann (born August 24, 1919 in Reichenberg , Czechoslovakia , † December 6, 2009 in Munich ) was a German architect and urban planner .


Hartmann was the only child of Franz and Anna Hartmann, b. Müller, born. He attended elementary and state secondary school in Reichenberg until 1934, and then from 1934 to 1938 the higher state trade school in Reichenberg, where he graduated as a civil engineer. He then worked for the architect Henry König in Berlin before taking part in World War II from 1939 to 1945, most recently as a lieutenant in the reserve. In the winter semester of 1942/43 he studied at the University of Architecture and Fine Arts in Weimar. In August 1944 Hartmann married Waltraude, b. Pohl. The marriage had four children. In November 1944 he suffered the most serious war injury with the loss of his lower jaw and had to spend in the jaw hospital in Prague until October 1945 and later in Gotha . From 1946 to 1948 Hartmann continued his studies in Weimar and graduated with a degree in architecture. From 1948 to 1949 he was assistant to Prof. Gustav Hassenpflug at the University of Weimar. A first prize in the competition for the Unterwellenborn school was followed by entry into the Thuringian state project planning office in Weimar. Hartmann was involved in numerous urban development studies and general development plans in the Soviet occupation zone and the GDR. According to plans by Hartmann, an administration high-rise was built in Erfurt as a "ministerial service building" in 1950/51 ; it was the first high-rise building outside Berlin to be built in the GDR and is now a listed building. In 1951 he won first prize in the competition for the urban and architectural design of East Berlin's Stalinallee . As chief architect and technical director of the state project office for urban and village planning in Weimar, he was responsible for the development of land use and development plans for over 30 Thuringian cities and city centers. In 1952 Hartmann was awarded the first class national prize for art and literature of the GDR.

In 1954 he moved to the Federal Republic of Germany, where he was initially employed in the building construction department in Mainz . In 1958 he won second place in the important West German competition “Capital Berlin”. In 1959 Hartmann moved to Munich, and in 1962 he received his doctorate from the Technical University of Darmstadt . In Munich he worked in various office consortia and planned three relief cities and the pedestrian zone in the old town for Munich and in 1963 he presented an urban development plan. In 1963 he became building director in the municipal building department in Munich. From 1964 he headed the conception of the satellite city Neuperlach there . However, he never fully agreed with the end result of the new district. In 1967 he built his own house in Munich-Neuforstenried. In 1976 Hartmann retired, during which he devoted himself to the visual arts and made numerous trips. In 1980 he created the Reichenberger Brunnen in Augsburg , which commemorates important personalities from Reichenberg.

Hartmann's "four professional positions Weimar / Erfurt, Berlin, Mainz and Munich are all paradigmatic for the urban development of modernism in Germany," said Sophie Wolfrum 2010 in her obituary in the construction world , and Hartmann a "key person of the post-war urban development in Germany," but " a precise architecture-critical appraisal of his work is still pending ”.

Hartmann's estate is in the scientific collections of the Leibniz Institute for Spatial Social Research (IRS) in Erkner , and a smaller part of the estate is also in the Architecture Museum of the Technical University of Munich . A traveling exhibition of the IRS about Hartmann has been shown since 2018, first in the Thuringian state parliament in Erfurt.



  • Wolfgang Leißling: Demand and Reality. Portraits of the architects W. Pook and E. Hartmann and the civil engineer L. Lamprecht. In: Thuringian Landtag (ed.): The Thuringian Landtag. Political center of a new federal state. Erfurt 1994, pp. 63-76.
  • Jörn Düwel : Egon Hartmann. In: Holger Barth, Thomas Topfstedt u. a. (Ed.): From building artist to complex designer. Architects in the GDR. Documentation of an IRS collection of biographical data. (= IRS document series , No. 3.) Erkner 2000, ISBN 3-934669-00-X , p. 100 f.
  • Rainer Metzendorf: Milestones set in the reconstruction. Portrait of a Mainz city planner. Egon Hartmann on his 75th birthday. In: Mainz, Vierteljahreshefte for culture, politics, economy, history , ISSN  0720-5945 , vol. 14, 1994, issue 3, pp. 114-120.
  • Sophie Wolfrum: urbanist of the modern age. Egon Hartmann 1919-2009. In: Bauwelt , ISSN  0005-6855 , year 2010, issue 4, p. 3.
  • Rainer Metzendorf: Egon Hartmann and the new Mainz. In: Mainzer Zeitschrift, Mittelrheinisches Jahrbuch für Aräologie, Kunst und Geschichte , Vol. 106/107 (2011/2012), pp. 309–326. ( online as PDF)
  • Christoph Bernhardt (Ed.): The Scientific Collections of the Leibniz Institute for Regional Development and Structural Planning (IRS) on the building and planning history of the GDR. (= Sources, finding aids and inventories of the Brandenburg State Main Archive , Volume 25.) Frankfurt am Main 2012, ISBN 978-3-631-62325-1 , p. 46 f.
  • Urbanist between east and west. A conversation about the work of the architect and city planner Egon Hartmann with the historian Kai Drewes . In: Gerbergasse 18. Thuringian quarterly journal for contemporary history and politics , ISSN  1431-1607 , vol. 2019, edition 1 (= issue 90), pp. 8-11.
  • Rainer Metzendorf (ed.): Egon Hartmann and the reconstruction of Mainz , Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag 2019, ISBN 978-3-7861-2842-7 .
  • Renate Beck-Hartmann (Ed.): Steps on the way. Life review as an urbanist and artist in East and West. Munich: Self-published 2011, 631 pages.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. State Parliament building. In: Retrieved September 10, 2019 .
  2. ^ Egon Hartmann - urban planner in East and West. In: August 20, 2019, accessed September 10, 2019 .
  3. Wolfrum, Urbanist der Moderne , p. 3
  4. Information on the partial estate in the inventory overview of the Architekturmuseum der TU München
  5. Information from the IRS on the traveling exhibition and the individual presentations