Enno Lolling (born July 19, 1888 in Cologne ; † May 27, 1945 in Flensburg ) was a German doctor and, as a member of the SS, initially worked as a camp doctor in the Dachau concentration camp and later in a leading position in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp .
Lolling completed his high school career in 1908 with the Abitur . He studied medicine , passed his state examination in August 1914 at the Charité in Berlin and was at Walter Stoeckel at the University of Kiel to Dr. med. PhD .
In the German army he did a volunteer year from 1907 to 1908, with the Imperial Navy he served from April 1, 1908 to January 17, 1919, and was appointed naval junior doctor on March 1, 1913. After its approval in 1914, he became the Navy medical assistant appointed (Massa), on 24 May 1916 Marine senior assistant doctor (Moassa) for Navy medical officer (msta) on 18 August 1918th
During the First World War he was an assistant doctor on board the SMS Wittelsbach until November 1915, ship doctor on the SMS Pfeil until January 1917, assistant doctor on the SMS Hannover until August 1917, assistant doctor in the Mürwik naval hospital until April 1918, assistant doctor in the I. Seeflieger Department until June 1918, then assistant doctor of the 2nd Coast Battalion in Flanders until the end of the war. At the end of January 1919, he left the army and then worked as a doctor in Neustrelitz . He was a member and doctor of the fraternity Normannia zu Strelitz (today Normannia-Nibelungen zu Bielefeld ).
Career in National Socialism
In May 1937 he joined the NSDAP ( membership number 4,691,483). He was probably a member of the SA from 1923 onwards . He joined the SS on August 28, 1933 (SS no. 179.765). On September 13, 1936 he was appointed Hauptsturmführer . From May 2 to May 29, 1936, Lolling performed an exercise in the Reichsmarine . On July 30, 1936, he had to make a declaration that he had not taken morphine since 1932 and was therefore not addicted to drugs.
Lolling was as GP out and was September 1936 as SS-Season doctor and medical officer at the Verfügungstruppe at the SS officer school in Bad Tolz used and from the beginning of November 1936 physicians in the SS hospital Dachau.
From the beginning of December 1939 Lolling was employed in the SS Totenkopf Division . From May 6, 1940 to February 11, 1941, he worked as a camp doctor in the Dachau concentration camp , and on February 12, 1941, the SS leadership main office appointed the chief of the medical office, Enno Lolling, as the chief doctor of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp .
From the beginning of June 1941 he was the chief physician in the inspection of the concentration camps . On March 3, 1942, Lolling was appointed head of Office D III of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office for Sanitation and Warehouse Hygiene, based in Oranienburg, and thus Senior Physician KL , d. H. appointed supervisor of all camp doctors. From May to July 1942 Lolling had to leave the post for some time due to serious illness and was represented by Julius Muthig during this period . After that he was active again in the same position until the end of the war , since November 9, 1943 with the rank of SS-Standartenführer .
The camp doctors, for whose work Lolling was responsible as superior, had to accompany all extermination operations and were regularly present at the gassings . Disinfectors from all concentration camps, who were trained centrally in Oranienburg on how to deal with Zyklon B during disinfestation , were informed that it would also kill people in camps in the east. Lolling advised the course participants that if an order came, they would have to be ready to carry it out.
In autumn 1941, Lolling informed the first camp doctor at the Dachau concentration camp that a commission headed by Werner Heyde would select prisoners who were unable to work and send them to Mauthausen for gassing . Presumably in May 1942, Lolling ordered the camp doctor Friedrich Entress to kill incurably mentally ill, incurably tuberculous and permanently incapacitated people with phenol syringes . In the winter of 1942, the order was extended to sick inmates whose recovery would take more than four weeks. Lolling approved human trials for a typhus vaccine in 1944 and was later in attendance when the lethal effects of a cyanide capsule were tested.
At the end of the war, Lolling fled to Flensburg via the so-called Rattenlinie Nord . The 56-year-old died there by suicide on May 27, 1945 in the reserve hospital . After the end of the war, Lolling was repeatedly named as the person responsible in the Ravensbrück trials by the accused medical staff. Other offenders who had to answer in court described Lolling as completely incompetent and addicted to alcohol.
- Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 .
- Robert Jay Lifton : Doctors in the Third Reich. Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1988, ISBN 3-608-93121-X .
- Günter Morsch , Bertrand Perz (ed.): New studies on Nazi mass killings by poison gas. Historical significance, technical development, revisionist denial (= series of publications by the Brandenburg Memorials Foundation , 29). With the collaboration of Astrid Ley. Metropol Verlag, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-940938-99-2 .
- Silke Schäfer: On the self-image of women in the concentration camp. The Ravensbrück camp. Berlin 2002 (Dissertation TU Berlin), urn : nbn: de: kobv: 83-opus-4303 , doi: 10.14279 / depositonce-528 .
- Claudia Taake: Accused. SS women in court. Bis - library and information system of the University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg 1998, ISBN 3-8142-0640-1 (also: Oldenburg, Univ., Diploma thesis).
- Johannes Tuchel : Concentration Camp. Organizational history and function of the “Inspection of the Concentration Camps” 1934–1938 (= publications of the Federal Archives 39). H. Boldt, Boppard am Rhein 1991, ISBN 3-7646-1902-3 (also: Berlin, Freie Univ., Diss., 1989).
- Jan Erik Schulte : Forced Labor and Extermination. The economic empire of the SS. Oswald Pohl and the SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt 1933–1945. Paderborn 2001, ISBN 3-506-78245-2 .
- Literature by and about Enno Lolling in the catalog of the German National Library
- Organizational structure SS-Wirtschaftsverwaltungshauptamt WVHA
- Catalog card of the dissertation. University Library Basel ; accessed on March 20, 2014.
- Bulletin of the Friedrichsruher Waffenring. Summer semester 1933.
- Günter Morsch: Killings by poison gas in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In: Morsch u. a. (Ed.): New studies on National Socialist mass killings by poison gas. 2011, pp. 260–276, here p. 261.
- Marek Józef Orski: The Destruction of prisoners of the concentration camp Stutthof by the poison gas Zyklon B. In: u Morsch. a. (Ed.): New studies on National Socialist mass killings by poison gas. 2011, pp. 294–303, here p. 296.
- Alexander Mitscherlich, Fred Mielke (ed.): Medicine without humanity. Documents from the Nuremberg Medical Trial (= Fischer-Bücherei. Vol. 332). Fischer library, Frankfurt am Main u. a. 1960, p. 219.
- Langbein dates the order to spring 1941. Lifton: Doctors in the Third Reich. 1988, p. 291 with note 2.
- Lifton: Doctors in the Third Reich. 1988, p. 220.
- Ernst Klee : Auschwitz, the Nazi medicine and its victims (= Fischer 14906 The time of National Socialism ). Revised new edition, licensed edition. Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2001, ISBN 3-596-14906-1 , p. 337 with notes 160 and p. 176.
- Stephan Link: "Rattenlinie Nord". War criminals in Flensburg and the surrounding area in May 1945. In: Gerhard Paul, Broder Schwensen (Hrsg.): Mai '45. End of the war in Flensburg. Flensburg 2015, p. 22.
- Stephan Link: "Rattenlinie Nord". War criminals in Flensburg and the surrounding area in May 1945. In: Gerhard Paul, Broder Schwensen (Hrsg.): Mai '45. End of the war in Flensburg. Flensburg 2015, p. 26.
- 1933-1945 perpetrator and fellow traveler, Lolling Enno Dr. med. , accessed on: May 13, 2017.
- Lifton: Doctors in the Third Reich. 1988, p. 232.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German concentration camp doctor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 19, 1888|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Cologne|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 27, 1945|
|Place of death||Flensburg|