The Fifties Committee was a body that had been set up by the pre-parliament during the March Revolution . The pre-parliament had been appointed by a private initiative and did not dare to make specifications for the later Frankfurt National Assembly and the Reich constitution . The pre-parliament ended on April 4th and the National Assembly met for the first time on May 18th. In the meantime, the Fifties Committee served as a revolutionary organ.
With this, liberals and moderate left had found a compromise in the pre-parliament. The left wanted to declare the pre-parliament permanent and set up a revolutionary government, which the liberals rejected. Instead, it was ultimately a committee of 50 members that was supposed to critically accompany the Bundestag until the National Assembly . In the event of danger to the fatherland, he should convene the pre-parliament again.
There was not much that the committee could achieve. He intervened in Kurhessen to pacify a troop stationing in Hanau. He could not prevent a Prussian parliament from being elected in addition to the German National Assembly, which strengthened Prussia as a single state. Prussia also acted independently in Posen and prevented volunteers from intervening as a people's army in Schleswig-Holstein. In the case of Austria, the Fifties Committee was hardly able to inspire the Czechs to participate in the elections, even by offering minority protection. He could only protest when Austria refused to accept German aid against Italian demands.
Welcker did not succeed in setting up a three-person federal executive in the Bundestag, and a proposal for a parliamentary army did not find a majority. But the Committee of the Fifties examined the regulations that the individual states had passed for the election of the National Assembly. Jörg-Detlef Kühne: "Overall, the significance of the Fifties Committee is constitutionally shaped more by what it rejects than by what it advocates."
Austria was represented in the pre-parliament with only two men; Karl von Closen (1786–1856) successfully proposed that the Fifties Committee should co-opt six Austrians. The six were Franz Schuselka, Ernst Schilling, Theodor Friedrich v. Hornbostel, Ignaz Kuranda, Eugen Megerle v. Mühlfeld and Stephan Ladislaus Endlicher.
- Victor Franz von Andrian-Werburg
- Karl Biedermann
- Robert Blum
- Moriz Adolph Briegleb
- Josef Brunck
- Carl Philipp Cetto
- Peter Dewes
- Franz Xaver Dieringer
- Franz Drinkwelder
- Gottfried Eisenmann
- Gottlieb Wilhelm Freudentheil
- Jacob Gülich
- Johann Gustav Heckscher
- Joseph Carl Franz Xaver Heide
- August Hergenhahn
- Johann Adam von Itzstein
- Johann Jacoby
- Carl Heinrich Juergens
- Johann Friedrich Martin Kierulff
- Georg Friedrich Kolb
- Wilhelm Friedrich Christian Gustav Krafft
- Ignaz Kuranda
- Karl Mathy
- Carl Mittermaier
- Karl Eugen Alexander Megerle (1810–1868)
- Wilhelm Heinrich Murschel
- Heinrich Carl Alexander Pagenstecher
- Guido Bonaventura Pattai
- Adolph Xaver Paur
- Johann Aloys Perthaler (1816–1862)
- Friedrich August Prinzinger
- Conrad von Rappard
- Franz Raveaux
- Jacob Ludwig Theodor Reh
- Emil Adolf Rossmaessler
- Maximilian Heinrich Rüder
- Johann Jacob Scheliessnigg
- Ernst Schilling
- Rudolf Schleiden
- Nicolaus Heinrich Schmitt (1806–1860)
- Albert Schott
- Gustav Franz Xaver von Schreiner
- Franz Schuselka
- Johannes Daniel Wilhelm Ludwig Schwarzenberg
- Wilhelm Carl August Gustav Siemens
- August Heinrich Simon
- Ludwig Simon
- Alexander of Soiron
- Carl Alexander Spatz (1810-1856)
- Carl Johann Wilhelm Stedmann (1804-1882)
- Carl Anton Franz Stremayer (1823–1904)
- Jodocus Stülz (1799–1872)
- Wilhelm Erdmann Florian von Thielau (1800–1865)
- Jacob Venedey (1805-1871)
- Carl Vogt (1817–1895)
- Georg Ludwig von Wedemeyer (1781–1867)
- Adolph Wiesner (1807–1867)
- Karl Wilhelm Wippermann (1800-1857)
- Christian Friedrich Wurm (1803-1859)
- Heinrich Albert Zachariä (1806–1875)
- See Ernst Rudolf Huber: Documents on German constitutional history. Volume 1: German constitutional documents 1803-1850 . 3rd edition, W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart a. a. 1978 (1961). No. 78. the resolutions of the preliminary parliament of March 31 and April 1 to 4, 1848 , pp. 271–273.
- Ernst Rudolf Huber: German Constitutional History since 1789. Volume II: The struggle for unity and freedom 1830 to 1850. 3rd edition, W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart [u. a.] 1988, p. 604.
- Günter Wollstein: German History 1848-49. Failed revolution in Central Europe . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart [a. a.] 1986, pp. 63-65
- Jörg-Detlef Kühne: The imperial constitution of the Paulskirche. Model and realization in later German legal life. Habil. Bonn 1983, 2nd edition, Luchterhand, Neuwied 1998 (1985), p. 40.
- federal archive ( Memento of the original from October 30, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Comments on §§ 2 and 3 of the draft constitution adopted by the German National Assembly , p. 1 .
- bundesarchiv.de: Members of the Pre-Parliament and the Fifties Committee ( Memento of the original dated August 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- further spellings: AC Wiesner; Adolf W .; Adolf Carl W .; also emerged as an author, mostly as "AC Wiesner". Among other things, he took part in the survey in Vienna and fled via Switzerland, Paris and London to America, where he is better known today than in Europe. Cover name also: Alois Karl W.
- List according to Heinrich Best, Wilhelm Weege: Biographical Handbook of the Members of the Frankfurt National Assembly 1848/49 . Droste-Verlag, Düsseldorf 1998, p. 378.