Johann Adam von Itzstein
Itzstein studied law at the University of Mainz and became a member of the Mainz Jacobin Club in 1792/93 . After his exams in 1797 he worked in Amorbach , Miltenberg and Schwetzingen as a lawyer, bailiff and city director. In 1819 he was transferred to Mannheim as court judge .
In 1822 he became a member of the Second Chamber of the Baden Estates Assembly . There he acquired an important reputation for his liberal views. In particular, he advocated freedom of the press , the expansion of parliamentary rights and efficient control of the budget. Due to his political activities, he was transferred as a civil servant and retired in 1824. He lived on his income as a co-owner and later sole owner of the Hallgarten winery near Oestrich-Winkel in the Hessian Rheingau.
Due to his age and his function as the initiator of numerous meetings and talks - including the Hallgarten circle on his estate - Itzstein was regarded as the doyen of southern German liberalism . The publicist Robert Blum , the doctor Johann Jacoby , the lawyers Friedrich Hecker and Heinrich von Gagern , the publisher Friedrich Daniel Bassermann , the poet of the Deutschlandlied, Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben , and the writers Ferdinand Freiligrath , Rudolf von Gottschall and August met in Hallgarten Hergenhahn . Itzstein was one of the most popular liberals of the Vormärz and a real cult around his person arose during his lifetime, which culminated in an Itzstein song written by Hoffmann von Fallersleben.
Itzstein was a participant in the Heppenheim conference of 1847, organizer of the Heidelberg meeting and the driving force behind the invitations to the pre-parliament in 1848. After the pre-parliament he was a member of the Fifties Committee . For the constituency of Bretten he was a member of the Frankfurt National Assembly , where he belonged to the left parliamentary group Deutscher Hof and the March Association . After the dissolution of the Stuttgart rump parliament , he was charged with high treason and emigrated to Switzerland . In 1850 he returned to Germany .
Itzstein died in Hallgarten in 1855. The grave medallion in the local cemetery was made according to a design by the sculptor Phillip Hermann Leonhard .
- Friedrich von Weech : Itzstein, Johann Adam . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 14, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1881, p. 649 f.
- Birgit Bublies-Godau: Johann Adam von Itzstein (1775–1855). From the Jakobin Club in Mainz to the National Assembly in Frankfurt: champions, spokesmen and top politicians of the bourgeois constitutional and democracy movement . In: Walter Schmidt (Hrsg.): Actors of a radical change. Men and women of the revolution of 1848/49 , Vol. 3, Fides Verlag, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-931363-15-4 , pp. 303-357.
- Birgit Bublies-Godau: Itzstein, Johann Adam von. born September 28, 1775 in Mainz; died 14.9.1855 in Hallgarten. In: Manfred Asendorf (Ed.): Democratic Ways , Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-476-01244-1 , pp. 295-296.
- Josef Roßkopf: Johann Adam von Itzstein. A contribution to the history of Baden liberalism . Phil. Diss., Mainz 1954.
- Jörg Schweigard: Itzstein, our star . In: Die Zeit , No. 29, July 12, 2012, p. 18.
- Josef Roßkopf: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 10, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1974, ISBN 3-428-00191-5 , p. 206 ( ). In:
- Hans-Peter Becht : Adam von Itzstein (1775–1855). Or: How do you not edit a legacy? . (521.) Minutes of the working session of the working group for historical regional studies on the Upper Rhine on April 20, 2012.
- Website of the Rheingau .
- Sarah Schrade: Short biography of Itzstein on the website operated by the Institute for Historical Regional Studies at the University of Mainz .
|SURNAME||Itzstein, Johann Adam von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Liberal politician of the Baden state parliament|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 28, 1775|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Mainz|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 14, 1855|
|Place of death||Hallgarten|