The Shrove Tuesday (also Shrove Tuesday , Carnival Tuesday , Fasnets-Zeisdig , Shrove Tuesday or Fat Tuesday or fools fair ) is the name given to the last of the carnival days , the day after the Rose Monday . As the last day before the start of Lent on Ash Wednesday , it is often of particular importance in customs. In some regions where Carnival is celebrated, it represents the high point of the holidays. Internationally, this day is also known as Mardi Gras ("Fat Tuesday") or "Shrove" or "Pancake (Tues) day".
There are several customs that end the Carnival at midnight on Ash Wednesday night. These include the burning of nebulas and the symbolic funeral of the carnival.
The name that used to be common in the past, Confession Tuesday, points more to the original meaning of Shrove Tuesday than what is now used: as the day of forty-hour prayer and the spiritual preparation for Lent, which begins on Ash Wednesday. This time before the exposed Blessed Sacrament was also combined with prayer for vicarious atonement for the sins committed in Carnival.
Many of the customs have their origins in old fasting regulations and their dietary regulations. Food that is preferred to be eaten on Carnival days contains ingredients that were previously not allowed to be consumed during Lent. These include eggs and high-fat dishes, which is why in many countries (such as the United States , France , Italy , Sweden and Saarland ) this day is also known as "Fat Tuesday".
Since Shrove Tuesday is the day before Ash Wednesday, it also depends on the date of Easter . The earliest possible date for Shrove Tuesday is February 3, the latest possible is March 9, which will not be the case again until 2038.
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In many places there are traditional carnival parades every year on this day . The largest move takes place in Mönchengladbach on the Lower Rhine . In Cologne and localities in the region have parades in since the 1960s, neighborhoods established and suburbs, often the wagons and troops of the local clubs and schools from the Sunday Schull un Veedelszöch or Rosenmontagszug be reinstated.
When the trains in a region are distributed over several days, music groups have the opportunity to take part in several places on the train. Groups that did not take part in the central parades can also be found at the Tuesday parades. Often children go with them because the long journey of the big trains is too difficult. While the carnival hustle and bustle is nearing its end in many places, the carnival highlight is celebrated with a parade in the Neuwied Heimbach-Weis district , also in Alfter , Rheinbach , Attendorn and Ramstein-Miesenbach . The archipelago jump takes place in the Biewer district of Trier on this day . In Munich , the dance of the market women is the highlight of the Munich street carnival.
In the Krefeld district of Hüls , the day is called Breetlook Tuesday. The traditional carnival parade takes place here every two years. The central figure of the local carnival symbolism is the Trina. According to mythology, market women - Trinas - are said to have prevented the invasion of French cavalry by throwing leeks (Breetlook is broad leek ). Therefore the local carnival call is: Breetlook.
In Mainz-Mombach , the last train of the Mainz carnival campaign takes place, which is called the Schissmellienstagszug. This demarcation to Rose Monday is derived from the reports that refer to a former plague of Mombach agriculture.
In the Westphalian city of Beckum , the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday is called bell Tuesday. The custom of ringing the doorbell persisted until the 1970s, when children - similar to Halloween customs - ran through the streets in disguise and rang the doorbells. They performed the song Giw me eene and received sausages, eggs and sweets. A similar custom called “Collecting eggs and sausage” is still practiced by young men in western Münsterland.
In Olfen in Westphalia, Tuesday is known as Carnation Tuesday. The Great Carnation Tuesday Parade takes place on this day every year. The name has also been adopted in some of the surrounding neighboring towns. In Mönchengladbach, a violet Tuesday train pulls through the city center, which is the largest of its kind.
In Central Switzerland , the two days before Ash Wednesday are called Güdismäntig and Güdiszyschtig. At the Lucerne Carnival on Tuesday evening, the Guggenmusiken gather for a big parade - the “Monster Parade” - through the city.
In the Swabian-Alemannic carnival , on Mardi Gras Tuesday there is often a burning of the carnival (personified by a figure or doll). Similar to the burning of nubs , this marks the end of the carnival season.
Schübligziischtig and Chlinä Ziischtig
In the Zurich region , the day is called Schübligziischtig , as a Schüblig (a sausage specialty) is traditionally eaten on this day . “Ziischtig” is the word for Tuesday in Swiss German . With this legendary usage , children go from house to house with the "Schnappsack", where they can get pastries or sweets in exchange for a song or a saying. Otherwise, the day in Switzerland is also known as "Chlinä Ziischtig" (little Tuesday).
In English-speaking countries, Shrove Tuesday is actually called Shrove Tuesday, but is also called Pancake Day or Pancake Tuesday (' Pancake Day ' or 'Pancake Tuesday').
Traditionally, pancakes are eaten on this day in the United Kingdom , North America and some other regions with British influence . In addition, there are other customs related to the pancake. These include pancake competitions, such as the one in Olney, England , which is believed to be the origin of this tradition, or organized pancake meals for charity.
Shrove Tuesday is celebrated as Mardi Gras ("fat Tuesday") in French and French-influenced regions. In addition to France, this also includes French-speaking Canada . Mardi Gras is also known for the carnival celebrations in the southern states of the USA , which take place in New Orleans and Mobile , among others .
- Narrenkirchweih . In: Universal Lexicon of the Present and Past . 4., reworked. and greatly increased edition, Volume 11: Matelica – Nishnei-Kolymsk , self-published, Altenburg 1860, p. 682 .
- Monday calendar of the Great Mülheim Carnival Society 1903 to 2050  accessed on March 7, 2019
- Violet Tuesday train Mönchengladbach
- Konstanz Magazin: Carnival burns, accessed February 16, 2021
- Carnival days of the Fools' Symposium of the Märchler Carnival Societies , accessed on February 16, 2021