Fred Anderson Jr. (born March 22, 1929 in Monroe , Louisiana , † June 24, 2010 in Evanston , Illinois ) was an American jazz musician ( tenor saxophone , composition).
Live and act
Anderson grew up in Evanston (Illinois) and was initially self-taught as a musician , but had additional training at the conservatory and learned music theory from private teachers. Until 1972 he worked as a part-time musician and supported his family with the help of other jobs, for example as a bricklayer. From 1962 he performed with trumpeter Bill Brimfield , played in Detroit in 1964 with Archie Shepp and from the mid-1960s in Chicago with many musicians from the AACM he co-founded , such as Joseph Jarman (with whom he recorded in 1966) and Muhal Richard Abrams . In his main job as a bricklayer, he put his free time to the service of the community and only founded his own sextet in 1972. He introduced younger musicians such as George Lewis , Douglas Ewart and Hamid Drake to the aesthetics of the AACM. In 1976 he played at various festivals in Europe; the next year he was on tour with Dieter Glawischnig and Ewald Oberleitner . Between 1978 and 1980 he played with his own formations at the Moers Festival (LP “Another Place” from 1978), and also worked in a duo with Steve McCall (“The Missing Link”). In the next few years, Anderson mainly stayed on site, where he appeared with Marilyn Crispell at the jazz festival and could be heard regularly in his own club " Velvet Lounge " (also with Peter Kowald ). He did not gain international recognition until 1994. He also recorded with Ken Vandermark's DKV Trio and was involved in recordings by Misha Mengelberg and the groups Marduk and New Son Union . In 2000 he performed together with Tortoise at the Frankfurt Jazz Festival .
In 1982 he took over the bar in Chicago, where he was serving at the time, and called it the Velvet Lounge . The jazz club , which could hold 72 visitors, soon became the center of the Chicago avant-garde. In 2005 the block in which the Velvet Lounge was located was demolished; With financial help from around the world, Anderson was able to reopen the club just a few blocks away from the old one.
Anderson remained oriented towards tradition despite an avant-garde concept; Felix Klopotek records a "lack of compositional extravagance" compared to his AACM colleagues. According to Ekkehard Jost , his hallmarks include "a voluminous, blues-soaked sound, a pronounced awareness of the development of melodic and motivic spinning and a sense of the dramaturgical design of emotional processes between hectic, relaxation and melancholy."
On June 14, 2010, Fred Anderson suffered a severe heart attack and has been in a coma ever since . He died on June 24, 2010.
- Dark Day - Live in Verona 1979 (Atavistic, 1979) with Billy Brimfield , Steven Palmore , Hamid Drake
- The Missing Link ( Nessa , 1979) with Larry Hayrod , Hamid Drake
- Live at the Velvet Lounge ( Okka Disk , 1998) with Peter Kowald , Hamid Drake
- Fred Anderson Quartet Vol. 1 & 2 ( Asian Improv , 1998)
- Duets 2001: Live at the Empty Bottle ( Thrill Jockey , 2001) Duo with Robert Barry (dr)
- Blue Winter (Eremite, 2004) with William Parker , Hamid Drake
- 21st Century Chase (Delmark, 2011), with Jeff Parker , Chad Taylor , Harrison Bankhead , Henry Grimes
- Richard Cook & Brian Morton: The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings . 8th edition. Penguin, London 2006, ISBN 0-14-102327-9 .
- Ekkehard Jost: Jazz Musicians: Materials on the Sociology of Afro-American Music. Ullstein, Berlin 1982, pp. 203-212 (interview)
- Martin Kunzler : Jazz Lexicon. Volume 1: A – L (= rororo-Sachbuch. Vol. 16512). 2nd Edition. Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 2004, ISBN 3-499-16512-0 .
- Wolf Kampmann (Ed.), With the assistance of Ekkehard Jost : Reclams Jazzlexikon . Reclam, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-15-010528-5 .
- ↑ Wolf Kampmann Reclams Jazzlexikon Stuttgart 2003, p. 23
- ↑ cit. n. M. Kunzler, Jazz-Lexikon vol. 1, p. 39
- "From the River to the Ocean" (CD review, Arte) ( Memento from November 7, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Chicago Tribune for 80th birthday
- Obituary (John Litwiler) ( Memento from June 28, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Fred Anderson at Discogs (English)
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Anderson, Fred junior (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American jazz musician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 22, 1929|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Monroe (Louisiana)|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 24, 2010|
|Place of death||Evanston (Illinois)|