Georg Hanssen

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Georg Hanssen (born May 31, 1809 in Hamburg , † December 19, 1894 in Göttingen ) was a German agricultural historian and economist .


Georg Hanssen

Georg Hanssen - son of a businessman - studied law and political science at the University of Heidelberg and since 1829 at the University of Kiel . There he received his doctorate in 1831 with August Christian Niemann Dr. phil. with a dissertation written in Latin on the need to establish the study of agricultural science in universities. During his studies, he became in 1827 a member of the Old Heidelberg fraternity and in 1829 a member of the fraternity Germania Kiel. From 1833 Hanssen taught as a private lecturer at the University of Kiel. From 1834 to 1837 he was a member of the German department of the General Customs and Trade Department in Copenhagen . In the autumn of 1837 he was called back to the University of Kiel as a full professor. From 1842 he worked at the University of Leipzig . In 1848 he took over the chair for political economy at the University of Göttingen and in 1860 he accepted a call to the University of Berlin . During this time he joined the Monday Club in Berlin, to which he was a member from 1861 to 1869. In 1862 he became a full member and in 1869 an honorary member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences . In 1869 he returned to the University of Göttingen. In the same year he was elected a full member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences .


Hanssen was above all a political economist who was oriented towards the requirements of practice. He has influenced current economic policy with numerous reports. However, his actual research focus was agricultural history. He examined individual farms and specific agricultural regions in detail and tried to derive economic and historical findings from the results. He is the author of numerous books. He has published many of his scientific contributions in the New Citizens' Magazine , in the Archive of Political Economy and Police Science , in the Journal for Political Science and in the Journal for Agriculture .

Hanssen particularly promoted agricultural studies. In several publications - beginning with his dissertation - he advocated that this study should not be carried out at spatially isolated agricultural academies, but at universities. In an extensive memorandum of 1855 he compiled all the arguments in favor of such a university degree in agriculture. On his initiative, an agricultural teaching course was set up at the University of Göttingen as early as 1851, the nucleus for the Agricultural University Institute founded in 1872.

The handwritten estate of Georg Hanssen (also the memorandum mentioned above) is stored in the Lower Saxony State and University Library in Göttingen. His bust is also there.


Georg Hanssen became the first honorary citizen of Kiel on December 21, 1841 because of his energetic and self-sacrificing effectiveness, especially for a Holstein railway - namely the Altona-Kiel Railway . In addition, Hanssenstrasse in Kiel-Wik was named after him in 1906 .

Fonts (selection)

  • Historical-statistical representation of the island of Fehmarn. Altona 1832.
  • The Bordesholm office in the Duchy of Holstein. Kiel 1842.
  • The abolition of serfdom and the reorganization of the landlord peasant situation in general in the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein. Petersburg 1861 (an award document crowned by the Imperial Russian Academy of Sciences in 1860).
  • On the history of north German estate management since the end of the 16th century. In: Journal für Landwirthschaft vol. 22, 1874, pp. 423–501.
  • Agricultural-historical treatises. 2 volumes, Leipzig 1880 a. 1884.
  • Memoirs of the agricultural historian and economist Georg Hanssen. Written down by himself, edited by his son H. Hanssen. In: ZSHG . Volume 40, 1910, pp. 1–180 (with picture and list of publications).


  • 729. Hanssen, Georg in: Eduard Alberti (ed.): Lexicon of Schleswig-Holstein-Lauenburg and Eutinian writers from 1829 to mid-1866 , 1. Dept. A – L, Akademische Buchhdlg., Kiel 1867, pp. 315–317 (comprehensive list of his writings)
  • Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians. Sub-Volume 2: F-H. Winter, Heidelberg 1999, ISBN 3-8253-0809-X , pp. 236-237.
  • August Fürstenberg: Georg Hanssen as professor of economics and practical economist around the middle of the 19th century. Diss. Law and State Science Fac. Univ. Göttingen 1933.
  • GF Knapp .:  Hanssen, Georg . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 55, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1910, pp. 771-773.
  • Hartwig Lohse:  Georg Hanssen. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 7, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1966, ISBN 3-428-00188-5 , p. 638 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • August Skalweit : Georg Hanssen (1809–1894). A picture of time and life (= publications of the Schleswig-Holstein University Society. No. 27). Breslau 1930 (with a portrait of a youth).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Gustav Adolf Sachse, Eduard Droop (ed.): The Monday Club in Berlin 1749–1899: Festive and commemorative publication for its 150th annual celebration. J. Sittenfeld, Berlin 1899, p. 142 f.
  2. ^ Members of the previous academies. Georg Hanssen. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities , accessed on April 1, 2015 .
  3. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Volume 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Series 3, volume 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 103.
  4. Hans-G. Hilscher, Dietrich Bleihöfer: Hanssenstrasse. In: Kiel Street Lexicon. Continued since 2005 by the Office for Building Regulations, Surveying and Geoinformation of the State Capital Kiel, as of February 2017 ( ).