This is a compilation of performance quantities of various orders of magnitude for comparison purposes. The information is often to be understood as “typical values”; the converted values are rounded.
Basic unit of power in the international system of units is 1 Watt ( unit symbol W ), the symbols P .
1 yoktowatt is a quadrillionth of a watt (10 −24 W).
1 zeptowatt is a trillionth of a watt (10 −21 W).
- 10 zW - approximate power with which the radio signal of the Galileo space probe on Earth from a 70-meter radio telescope, e.g. The DSN is received
1 attowatt is a trillionth of a watt (10 −18 W).
- 100 aW - minimum receivable transmission power of navigation signals of a GNSS in the L1 / B1 / E1 band on a GNSS receiver (open service)
1 is a femtowatt quadrillionths Watt (10 -15 W).
- 2.5 fW - The power available at the antenna connection of an FM radio above which radio reception is possible
- 20 to 50 fW - Mechanical power that a swimming sperm performs on the surrounding fluid
1 picowatt is a trillionth of a watt (10 −12 W).
- 2.5 pW - sound strength at the hearing threshold of an average person (measured per square centimeter at 1000 Hz, corresponding to 0 dB )
- 7.5 to 100 pW - power of an LTE signal on a smartphone
1 nanowatt is a billionth of a watt (10 −9 W).
- 50 nW mini transmitters for audio transmission over short distances are allowed to transmit with a maximum of 50 nanowatts in Germany
1 microwatt is a millionth of a watt (10 −6 W).
- 2.3 µW - power consumption of a quartz wristwatch
- <25 µW - light output of a laser of laser class 1 / 1M ( laser printer , cash register )
1 milliwatt is a thousandth of a watt (10 −3 W).
- ≤ 1 mW - light output of a laser of laser class 2 / 2M ( laser pointer , aiming and directional laser (land surveying))
- 1 to 5 mW - light output of a laser of laser class 3A / 3R ( laser shows (disco), aiming devices for weapons)
- 3 mW - power consumption of a so-called low-current light-emitting diode
- 10 mW - power radiation of a ZigBee transmitter (in the EU)
- 10 mW - power output of the light-emitting diode of an infrared remote control
- 20 to 50 mW - power consumption of a light emitting diode with a typical 20 mA current consumption
- 63 mW - average heat flow per m² from the earth's interior to the earth's surface
- 100 mW - power output from a ZigBee transmitter (in the USA)
- some 100 mW - Electrical power to the speaker of a transistor radios
- 1 W - maximum sound power of a large truck engine
- 1.5 W - power of the human heart
- 1.5 W - Average cell phone power.
- 2 W - Maximum transmission power of a GSM - phone during a radio pulse.
- 1 to 10 W - typical power consumption of a household appliance in standby mode
- 5 W - luminous efficacy of a typical 100 W incandescent lamp
- 20 W - power of the human brain
- 5 to 25 W - power consumption of a Pentium M processor.
- 5 to 25 W - power consumption of a typical energy-saving lamp
- 15 to 300 W - the power consumption of a typical incandescent lamp
- 80 to 100 W - continuous power of a person
- 140 W - power consumption of a refrigerator in operation
- 400 W - Average pedal power of a cyclist during a mountain stage
- 500 to 1000 W - average electrical power consumption of a 4-person household
- 551 W - drive power of the Benz patent motor car from 1886
- 735.49875 W = 1 hp
- 745.7 W = 1 hp (horsepower, based on lbf. And ft. , 33000 lbf ft / min = 1 hp)
1 kilowatt is a thousand watts (10 3 W).
- 1.367 kW - at an average distance from earth to sun without the influence of the atmosphere, the radiation power received from the sun perpendicular to the direction of the beam on a square meter of surface ( solar constant )
- 2 to 3.5 kW - power consumption of a typical washing machine
- 3 to 10 kW - output of typical roof-top photovoltaic systems
- 8 kW - output power of audio amplifiers in large public address areas
- 10 to 20 kW - heat output of a heating system in a single-family house
- 15 kW - short-term maximum power of a horse (≈ 20 PS)
- 18 to 21 kW - instant water heater in private households
- 10 to 100 kW - typical power output of a motorcycle engine
- 20 to 300 kW - typical power output of a car engine with 27–408 hp
- 736 kW - drive power of the Bugatti Veyron (formerly the most powerful series car with 1,001 hp).
1 megawatt is 1 million watts (10 6 W).
- 3 to 9 MW - nominal output of large wind turbines
- 2 MW - effective radiated power of the Felsberg-Berus long wave transmitter , the most powerful German radio transmitter
- 3 MW - propulsion power of the airship Hindenburg
- 3 MW - average electrical power consumption of a small semiconductor factory (≈ 2000 m² clean room area )
- 4 MW - pulse power radar location (example Aegis - radar SPY-1)
- 5 MW - output of a typical main coolant pump of a nuclear power plant (5000 kg / s at 6 bar pressure increase)
- 6 MW - output of a 600 watt second photo flash during the burn time of 1 / 10,000 second
- 8 MW - drive power of the high-speed train ICE 3
- 10 MW - output of a typical main feed water pump of a nuclear power plant (1000 kg / s at ≈ 75 bar pressure increase)
- 12 MW - short-term output of the most powerful single -frame locomotive in the world DB class 103 with transformer switching
- 17.8 MW - power consumption of the Tianhe-2 , the fastest supercomputer in 2013
- 20 MW - output of the French record high-speed train TGV V 150
- 110 MW - drive power of the battleship Bismarck on the three drive shafts
- 120 MW - formerly the largest gas turbine plant in the world in Wahlheim
- 220 MW - reactor power of the aircraft carrier Enterprise
- 260 MW - approximate power consumption of Google data centers in 2011
1 gigawatt is one billion watts (10 9 W).
- 1 GW - installed capacity of the Walney offshore wind farm
- 1 GW - typical nuclear power plant
- 1.6 GW - planned output of the Finnish nuclear power plant Olkiluoto Block 3
- 2 GW hydropower plant in Hoover Dam
- 2.1 GW - hydropower plant in the Aswan Dam
- 5.5 GW - approximate purchase of renewable energy sources for Google data centers in 2019
- 10 GW - installed capacity of all nuclear power plants in Germany (as of 2011)
- 14 GW - Itaipú hydropower plant
- 22.4 GW - Three Gorges Dam in the PR China , hydropower plant (as of 2012)
- 38.5 GW - installed photovoltaic capacity in Germany (as of June 2015)
- 43.2 GW - engine power of the first stage of a Saturn V rocket
- 133 GW - installed wind power capacity throughout Europe (2014)
- 152.9 GW - installed capacity of all power plants in Germany (as of 2009)
1 terawatt is one trillion watts (10 12 W).
- 1.7 TW - average electrical power required worldwide (as of 2001)
- 3.3 TW - average required power (electric, gasoline, gas etc.) in the United States (as of 2001)
- between 4 TW and 11 TW (range of estimated values) - performance of radioactive processes in the earth's core
- 13.5 TW - average required output worldwide (as of 2001)
- 44 TW - power which the earth gives off as heat from the earth's mantle and core
- 300 TW - Pulse radiated power of the University of Michigan Hercules laser
1 petawatt is 1 quadrillion watt (10 15 W).
- 1.5 PW - thermal power transported by the Gulf Stream
- 2 PW - record for strongest laser pulse (established on July 29, 2015 at Osaka University , Japan)
- 174 PW - the part of the solar radiation reaching the earth (about half of which reaches the earth's surface)
- 200 PW - planned radiation output in the Extreme Light Infrastructure project
- 386 quadrillion (3.86 · 10 26 ) W - approximate radiant power of the sun
- 33 quintillions (3.3 · 10 31 ) W - approximate radiant power of the star β Centauri
- 120 quintillions (1.2 · 10 32 ) W - approximate radiant power of the star Deneb
- 5 sextillion (5 · 10 36 ) W - approximate radiant power of the Milky Way
- Septillion to Septilliard (10 42 -10 45 ) W - approximate radiant power of a gamma-ray flash
- 36 octillions (3.6 · 10 49 ) W - approximate power of radiated gravitational waves during the merging of two black holes, which was observed in September 2015.
- ↑ "Presentation of quartz watches - basic knowledge for professionals"; Company font of Witschi Electronic AG
- ↑ http://top500.org/system/177999
- ↑ Search engine giant: Google uses as much electricity as a big city. In: Spiegel Online . September 8, 2011, accessed June 9, 2018 .
- ↑ Michael Günsch: Climate protection: Amazon and Google with new concessions. In: Computerbase . September 20, 2019. Retrieved September 22, 2019 .
- ↑ Risk nuclear power: seven German reactors are dispensable Article on SPON
- ↑ DF Hollenbach, JM Herndon: Deep-Earth reactor: Nuclear fission, helium, and the geomagnetic field (PDF)
- ↑ eli-beams.eu: Lasers. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on March 5, 2015 ; accessed on June 16, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ BP Abbott et al .: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger (PDF) , LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration, Physical Review Letters, February 12, 2016
- ↑ Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics: Gravitational waves discovered 100 years after Einstein's prediction. February 11, 2016, accessed February 11, 2016 .