Göttingen Hainbund

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Members of the Hainbund: Citizen, Christian. Graf zu Stolberg, FL Graf zu Stolberg, Hölty, Voss (from above and from left)
Title of the Göttingen Musenalmanac 1786

The Göttinger Hainbund was a literary group in Germany in the 18th century that worshiped nature and tended to storm and stress .


The Göttingen Hainbund was founded on September 12, 1772 by Johann Heinrich Voss , Ludwig Christoph Heinrich Hölty , Johann Martin Miller , Gottlieb Dieterich von Miller , Johann Friedrich Hahn and Johann Thomas Ludwig Wehrs on the Kerstlingeröder field near the university town of Göttingen . The founding members got to know each other partly through their contributions to the literary magazine “ Göttinger Musenalmanach ”, which was founded in 1770 by Heinrich Christian Boie , partly through their joint studies. From 1772 at the latest, the muse almanac was the mouthpiece of the Hainbund.

Her enthusiasm for nature as a counterbalance to the rationalism of the Enlightenment represents a certain connection with Sturm und Drang; Nevertheless, a clear assignment of the Göttingen Hainbund to Sturm und Drang or the literature of the Enlightenment cannot be made at the moment. Literary scholars disagree on this point.

In Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock , the people of Göttingen found a father figure. With their admiration for him, they also set themselves apart from Christoph Martin Wieland and his ironic, level-headed style. On July 2, 1773, Klopstock's birthday, which the members of the grove celebrated extensively, Wieland's works were burned . A picture of Wieland was thrown into the fire and burned as “ executio in effigie ”, ie “punishment on the portrait” ( “[…] Afterwards […] we ate, punched, and finally we burned Wieland's idris and portrait.” )

The name "Hainbund" goes back to Klopstock's ode "The Hill and the Hain ". Another father figure, although not a member of the grove, was Gottfried August Bürger . Bürger worked as a court clerk at the Altenleichen court in Gelliehausen . He and Hölty are also considered the founders of the German art ballad .

On his way through, Klopstock was celebrated by the members of the Hainbund in 1774. In 1775 the Hainbund dissolved, as its members finished their studies and left Göttingen.


Related parties of the federal government


  • Rothraut Bäsken: The poets of the Göttingen grove and the bourgeoisie. A sociological literary study. Koenigsberg, Berlin 1937.
  • Hans Grantzow: The history of the Göttingen and the Vossian musenalmanac . Univ. Diss., Berlin 1909.
  • Heinz Jansen: From the Göttingen Hainbund. Overbeck and Sprickmann. Munster 1933.
  • Paul Kahl: The federal book of the Göttingen grove. Edition - Historical Investigation - Commentary. Tuebingen 2006.
  • H. Kindermann: Göttinger Hain . Keyword in: Paul Merker , Wolfgang Stammler (eds.): Reallexikon der deutschen Literaturgeschichte , Vol. 1. Berlin 1925/1926, pp. 456–462.
  • Werner Kohlschmidt : Göttinger Hain . In: Reallexikon der deutschen Literaturgeschichte . 2nd ed. Vol. 1. Berlin 1958. pp. 597-601.
  • Annette Lüchow: The holy cohort. Klopstock and the Göttingen Hainbund . In: Kevin Hilliard, Katrin Kohl (Hrsg.): Klopstock at the border of the epochs. Berlin, New York 1995, pp. 152-220.
  • Axel Pohlmann: The grove and the box . In: Quatuor Coronati Yearbook, No. 38, Bayreuth 2001, pp. 129–149.
  • RE Prutz : The Göttinger Dichterbund. On the history of German literature , Leipzig 1841.
  • August Sauer : The seals of the Göttinger Hainbund , 1887.
  • Gerhard Sauder: covenant forever! The "Göttinger Hain" 1772–1774 . In: Lenz-Jahrbuch 19, 2013, pp. 1–25. ISBN 978-3-86110-536-7 / ISSN 0940-7499.
  • Walter Schachner: The generation problem in intellectual history. With an excursus on the Hainbund. Giessen 1937, reprint Amsterdam 1968.
  • Erika Thomalla: The invention of the poet's association . The media practices of the Göttinger Hain . Göttingen 2018, ISBN 978-3-8353-3219-5 .
  • Karl Weinhold : Heinrich Christian Boie . Hall 1868.
  • Emil Ernst Windfuhr: Freemason in the Göttinger Hain. The Stolberg brothers, Voss, Claudius, Bürger and their relationship to Freemasonry . Freemasonical series no.12. Frankfurt / Main, Hamburg, Mainz undated (approx. 1955).

Web links

Commons : Göttinger Hainbund  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Göttinger Hainbund  - Sources and full texts