Hans Dietl (politician, 1915)

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Johann "Hans" Dietl (born January 16, 1915 in Göflan ; † August 16, 1977 in Schlanders ) was an Italian politician of the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP), the Electoral Association of Independents (WdU) and the Social Democratic Party of South Tyrol (SPS).


Years of study and war experience in World War II

Hans Dietl originally came from a smallholder background. Growing up in Göflan, a fraction of the community of Schlanders in Vinschgau , he attended the Benedictine high school in Merano , later the Johanneum in Tirolo and the Liceo Arcivescovile in Trento . In 1936 he began studying law at the University of Padua , which he continued at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Milan and - after his option for the German Empire in 1939 - at the University of Innsbruck until 1941. Dietl, who had already been a supporter of National Socialism in South Tyrol , was drafted into the Wehrmacht that same year and transferred to the Eastern Front . In May 1944 he returned from the war effort seriously wounded and worked in the administration of the foothills of the Alps in Trento until the end of the war .

Career in the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP), contacts with the Liberation Committee South Tyrol (BAS)

After the end of the Second World War Dietl joined the South Tyrolean People's Party and in 1946 became its local chairman in Göflan. In 1952 he moved into the regional council of Trentino-South Tyrol for the first time and thus at the same time the South Tyrolean parliament and was then elected to the regional government, where he was in charge of the assessor for agriculture and forestry. In protest against the political line of the ruling Democrazia Cristiana under the leadership of regional president Tullio Odorizzi , which refused to delegate administrative and legislative powers to the predominantly German-speaking province of Bolzano , he resigned prematurely from his assessor in 1955. After a change of leadership within the party, Dietl, from 1956 to 1959 chairman of the influential South Tyrolean farmers' union , from 1957, alongside party chairman Silvius Magnago and Alfons Benedikter, was part of the direct leadership of the SVP, which now took a tougher course against the ruling Christian Democrats in Rome and Trento. At the same time, he maintained intensive contacts with the illegally operating Liberation Committee of South Tyrol (BAS), which, since the mid-1950s, drew attention to the ongoing economic and cultural marginalization of the German-speaking population in South Tyrol with its first explosive attacks.

In 1963 Dietl resigned his regional council mandate early and successfully ran for the Chamber of Deputies in Rome, of which he was a member until 1972. In 1966 he himself enforced the lifting of his immunity as a member of parliament in order to answer to the Milan trials for supporting the BAS. The negotiations ended with his acquittal. In addition to his political career, Dietl was also active as an editor: In 1960–1961 he published the newspaper Realtà Sudtirolese , with which he tried to reach the Italian-speaking population of South Tyrol, from 1963 to 1974 he published the magazine Südtiroler Nachrichten to provide an alternative to to create media supremacy for the publishing house Athesia .

Break with the SVP and founding of the Social Democratic Party of South Tyrol (SPS)

As early as the late 1960s, he came increasingly into conflict with the leadership of the SVP and in 1967 resigned from his position as vice chairman of the party. This decision arose from his rejection of the - in his opinion - politically inadequate South Tyrol package . As the only SVP mandate, he voted in the Roman parliament in 1971 against its constitutional anchoring, which led to his immediate exclusion from the party. Thereupon Dietl ran in 1972 on the list of the electoral association of Independents in vain for a Senate seat . After the split in the Social Progressive Party of South Tyrol (SFP), in the wake of the European trend in favor of social democratic parties, he founded the Social Democratic Party of South Tyrol (SPS), with which he was able to win two mandates in the 1973 state elections. In 1975, however, his poor health forced him to leave political life early. Hans Dietl died on August 16, 1977 in the hospital in Schlanders.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Claus Gatterer : The police kept precise records . In: The time . No. 19/1966 ( online ).