South Tyrolean Parliament
|Coat of arms of South Tyrol
|Parliament building in Bolzano
|Legislative period :
|Current legislative period
|October 21, 2018
|Josef Noggler ( SVP )
|Distribution of seats:
The South Tyrolean Parliament ( Consiglio della Provincia autonoma di Bolzano in Italian , Cunsëi dla Provinzia autonoma de Bulsan in Ladin ) is the legislative body of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano - South Tyrol . It consists of 35 mandataries and the term of office is five years. Since the adoption (1971) and entry into force (1972) of the second statute of autonomy, the state parliament has had extensive legislative powers. Its seat is in the state parliament building in Bolzano .
Historical ties to the regional council of Trentino-South Tyrol
Since the First Statute of Autonomy for the Trentino-South Tyrol region came into force, the members of the South Tyrolean Parliament and the Trentino Parliament have jointly formed the Trentino-South Tyrol Regional Council . Formal legal were together with the 1948 to 1998 Trentino held regional elections for the Regional Council, from which then the two diets of South Tyrol and Trentino were occupied. Since the Italian constitutional reform in 2001, the logic has been reversed: The provincial parliaments of South Tyrol and Trentino are now formally elected separately and then together form the regional council.
This reversal primarily takes account of the shift in competences that, since the adoption (1971) and entry into force (1972) of the Second Statute of Autonomy, has shifted most of the legislative competences from the regional council to the two state parliaments, which greatly diminished the institutional importance of the formerly important regional council. In comparison with other regional parliaments in Italy , but also in comparison with the state parliaments in neighboring Austria , the state parliaments of South Tyrol and Trentino can regulate a relatively large number of areas of competence with their own state laws.
The state parliament is the legislative body of South Tyrol. In addition, within the framework of the institutional separation of powers, he has the task of electing the South Tyrolean provincial government with an absolute majority . The state parliament members elected to this executive body , however, retain their state parliament mandate, which means that the members of the state government can have a double function in the legislative and executive branches. The state government is authorized, within the framework of the state laws passed by the state parliament, to issue ordinances that ensure the concrete implementation of the state laws.
The state parliament controls the activities of the state government through parliamentary inquiries ( interpellations ) to individual members of the state government, through the establishment of investigative commissions on specific factual issues and last but not least through the adoption of the annual state budget with which the South Tyrolean state government has the necessary funds to carry out its activities Will be provided. The state government can be given specifications for its activities via resolution proposals.
In addition, the state parliament has the task or possibility of naming or naming the holders of certain offices, issuing opinions on changes to the Statute of Autonomy, contesting state laws before the Italian constitutional court , submitting petitions or draft bills to the Italian parliament , as well as initiatives for amendments of the Statute of Autonomy.
Election result and distribution of mandates after the state elections on October 21, 2018
Carlo Vettori resigned from the Lega in autumn 2019 because there were disputes with the federal party over the occupation of certain functions within the state government. He founded his own party, which is called Alto Adige Autonomia. Josef Unterholzner finally resigned from Team K in August 2020 after the Corona Bonus affair . He exercises his mandate as a non-attached MP.
Diet since 1948
The state parliament is administered and directed by a presidium, which includes a president, two vice-presidents and three presidential secretaries. All functionaries are elected by the state parliament from its own ranks, whereby the political minority must also be represented. The term of office of the President of the State Parliament is two and a half years so that a representative of the German as well as the Italian language group can hold the chair during the five-year legislative period. In principle, both language groups also have the option of agreeing on a Ladin-speaking representative as president. The two vice-presidents must each be elected from those MPs who do not belong to the language group of the president (a German-speaking state parliament president must be assisted by an Italian-speaking and a Ladin-speaking vice-president, for example).
The possibility of electing a Ladin state parliament president or vice-president has only existed since Constitutional Law No. 2/2001 was passed. Until then, these offices were reserved for the German and Italian language groups. In practice, however, the Ladin representation remained vacant from 2003 to 2018, as the only Ladin member of the state parliament was always elected to the state government during this period and therefore could not take up an office in the presidium.
|President of the Landtag
|Vice-President of the State Parliament
The election to the state parliament is regulated in particular in the state law of September 19, 2017, No. 14 , which replaced the regional law on the election of the regional council and South Tyrolean provisions that differ from it. There are no fundamental changes associated with the new law.
Right to vote and eligibility
Italian citizens residing in South Tyrol who have reached the age of 18 on the day of the election, are included in the electoral roll and have been resident in the Trentino-South Tyrol region for at least four years without interruption up to the day of the election announcement are entitled to vote . Citizens registered in the register of Italian citizens living abroad are also allowed to vote if they met the electoral requirements at the time of moving abroad. All eligible voters who are resident in the region on the day of the announcement are eligible.
South Tyrol forms a single constituency. If the party did not win at least one seat in the last election to the state parliament, the Italian parliament or the European parliament, a list requires a minimum of 400 and a maximum of 600 supporting signatures from eligible voters. A maximum of two thirds of the candidates on a list (rounded to a whole number) may be of the same gender. Each candidate on the list must declare or assign themselves to the German, Italian or Ladin language group, as citizens of South Tyrol at least 14 years old must do every ten years as part of the census. These declarations of language group membership are important for the determination of at least one Ladin representative in the state parliament and for the composition of the state government, for which a language group proportion applies.
Every voter has a list vote. He submits this by marking the party symbol of a list on the voting slip. The voter can also give a preferential vote to up to four candidates on the elected list by writing their names on horizontal lines next to the party symbol. The voters are making good use of this option. In the 2013 state elections, there were 675,254 preference votes out of 287,010 list votes.
Distribution of seats
To distribute the seats, the voting quotient is first calculated. This is the number of valid list votes for all parties divided by the number of members of the Landtag increased by two, i.e. 37, since the Landtag has had 35 members since 1983. If there is no whole number, it is rounded up to a whole number. The lists receive one seat for each full electoral quotient. If not all seats can be filled, the remaining seats go to the lists with the most remaining votes. In the theoretically possible case that more than 35 seats are distributed due to the electoral quotient, this is recalculated by dividing the number of valid list votes by the number of members increased by one.
The distribution of seats using the example of the 2013 state election:
|Seats according to
|South Tyrolean People's Party
by 37 and
|Verdi Green Vërc - SEL
|South Tyrolean freedom
|Forza Alto Adige - Lega Nord - Team Autonomy
|MoVimento 5 place
|BürgerUnion for South Tyrol - Ladins Dolomites - We South Tyroleans
|L'Alto Adige nel cuore
|Scelta Civica per l'Alto Adige-South Tyrol
|Partito dei Comunisti Italiani
Within the list, the seats are allocated to the candidates in descending order of preference votes. However, the Ladin candidate with the strongest vote receives a seat in any case. If he is not already elected, he receives a seat on his list instead of the last actually elected candidate on the list. If no list with a Ladin candidate has been given a seat, the Ladin candidate with the highest number of votes receives a seat at the expense of the list that received an (additional) seat with the fewest remaining votes or, if no seat was awarded by remaining votes, at the expense of the list the fewest votes.
The regional council of the autonomous region of Trentino-Alto Adige pays the members of parliament who also hold the office of a member of the state parliament and a regional council member, the expense allowance and reimburses them for the expenses incurred in the exercise of their mandate. The members of parliament receive a monthly allowance of 9,800 euros gross.
- Autonomous Region Trentino-Alto Adige / Autonomous Province Bolzano / Autonomous Province Trento (Ed.): The legislative bodies and the governments from the 1st to the 14th legislative period . BQE Edizioni, Bozen / Trient 2011. PDF file
- Giuseppe Avolio: Provincial Government, Parliament and Legislative Process . In: Joseph Marko / Sergio Ortino / Francesco Palermo / Leonhard Voltmer / Jens Woelk (eds.), The Constitution of South Tyrolean Autonomy, Nomos Verlag, Baden-Baden 2005, ISBN 978-3-8329-1159-1 , pp. 194– 216
- Joachim Gatterer: marginal figures. South Tyrolean member of the state parliament of the national parties from 1948-2013 . In: Günther Pallaver (Ed.), Politika 14. Jahrbuch für Politik, Edition Raetia / Nomos Verlag, Bozen 2014, ISBN 978-3-8487-1455-1 , pp. 391–414
- State law of 19 September 2017 in full
- State Law of September 19, 2017, No. 14, Art. 5
- Province of South Tyrol: Information about the elections
- State Law of September 19, 2017, No. 14, Art. 3, 16 and 17
- State Law of September 19, 2017, No. 14, Art. 4 and 43 and Appendix A
- State Law of September 19, 2017, No. 14, Art. 54
- State Law of September 19, 2017, No. 14, Articles 55 and 56.