History and etymology
The city of Frankfurt am Main claims the invention of the hot dog for itself. It is said to have been invented there in 1847 by the Coburg butcher Johann Georg Hehner; This food form was the forerunner of the Frankfurt sausage introduced in 1852 . The hot dog in its current form was created in Coney Island in 1867 by the German migrant Charles Feltman . The Hanoverian arrived in Brooklyn in 1856 and initially became a cake seller. Then he put a grilled sausage in a roll and hired a wheelwright to construct a handcart with a stove for him to sell this fast food from. In the first year he is said to have sold over 4,000 hot dogs. The enormous success led him to open the Feltman Restaurant and Beer Garden as a stationary restaurant in 1871, and in 1901 he enlarged it to Feltman's German Gardens with 1200 employees. He left a fortune of $ 1 million after his death.
The name “hot dog” does not come - as is often read - from the cartoonist Thomas Aloysius “Tad” Dorgan, who is said to have made a caricature with a dachshund in a Frankfurt bread roll. Rather, the article The Abduction of the Night Food Cart in the October 1895 issue of Yale Record magazine reported on students who “happily chewed hot dogs.” It was probably not always just a rumor that sausages were made from dog meat in those days. The American cultural historian Andrew F. Smith points out that butchers of German origin were known in the USA for keeping "sausage-shaped dogs", namely dachshunds . This fact encouraged certain associations between German sausages and dogs. In October 1893, the hot dog began its American triumph at the Chicago World's Fair . An international hot dog eating contest has been held in New York City every year on the US National Day since 1916 .
A hot dog consists of a heated scalded sausage in an elongated, mostly soft wheat roll , which is usually toasted or steamed. The hot dog bun is cut in half lengthways and heated if necessary. Then you put the hot sausage in and garnish it with the sauces ( ketchup , mustard , mayonnaise , etc.). Often other additions, such as fried onions , pickles , sauerkraut or coleslaw are added to the bun.
In Denmark and partly also in Sweden , the hotdog is made with bright red-colored sausages ( Røde Pølser ) and offered kogt (brewed) or risted (fried) - always without mayonnaise. The Danish hot dog is mostly garnished with fried onions , chopped onions and sweet and sour pickled cucumber slices and regionally with red cabbage. Ketchup, mild mustard and Danish tartar sauce , which contains cauliflower , are used as sauces . Probably the most famous snack bar in Denmark that sells hot dogs is Annie's kiosk .
In Germany, on the other hand, the dish is usually prepared with Frankfurt or Vienna sausages , sometimes with a Frikandel . In France , Austria and Switzerland , instead of a roll, people usually take a piece of baguette or a small white bread with a crust with a hole drilled in one end. The sausage is inserted into this hole and - contrary to the American variant - is completely covered by the bread roll. In Austria, however, other types of sausage (e.g. Bratwurst, Käsekrainer ) are used at the sausage stand instead of Frankfurters .
In the USA, the hot dog is usually cooked on a roller grill . This gives the sausage a special grill taste . American hot dogs are served with special pickled gherkins (cucumber slices) and relishes (sweet relish, hot pepper relish or corn relish), often with mild mustard ( yellow mustard , the most popular hot dog ingredient) or with ketchup. A garnish of warm sauerkraut is also possible ( Nathan's Famous in New York). A variant of the US hot dog is the so-called corn dog , a sausage in a coat made of corn dough (comparable to a sausage in a dressing gown ), often attached to a wooden stick. Furthermore, there are many regionally very different variants in the USA, for example with tomatoes , jalapeños , cheese or chili con carne ( Chili Dog ).
The Bosna , which is widespread in Austria, is a special hotdog variant in which a bratwurst is served in the bread instead of the Vienna sausage . In the GDR (especially in East Berlin ) a simplified imitation of the hot dog, the so-called Ketwurst , was offered.
The so-called Fransk Hotdog ("French Hotdog") is known in Denmark, Sweden and also in Switzerland and Poland . The roll of a Fransk Hotdog is slightly more rounded than a German roll and is hollowed out in the middle, where the sauces are poured into it and the sausage is inserted. Also in Denmark there is a so-called Müns Hotdog , which, to put it simply, is a hotdog that has been cut into smaller pieces after preparation and is usually dipped in malt vinegar (similar to the English HP sauce ).
The typical Chilean fast food is the Completo , a hot dog variant that is served with sauerkraut or coleslaw in a bun and eaten with tomato ketchup and the mildly sweet Chilean mustard. A variant with avocado mousse is called italiano .
There are several variants in Brazil . In the state of Bahia, for example, the hot dog is made from poultry meat . The hot dog is served with corn, grated Parmesan cheese and a kind of potato chips . The customer then usually adds mayonnaise, ketchup or mustard, possibly also Tabasco sauce .
- Bruce Kraig / Paty Caroll, Man Bites Dog: Hot Dog Culture in America, 2012, p. 29
- Melitta Weiss Adamson / Francine Segan, Entertaining From Ancient Rome to the Super Bowl , 2008, p. 257
- Alexandra Kathryn Mosca, Green Wood Cemetery , 2008, p. 40
- David Gerard Hogan, Selling 'em by the Sack , 1999, p. 17
- Yale Record, October 19, 1895, The Abduction of the Night Lunch Wagon ; "Students contentedly munched hot dogs"; Quoted from: Becki Mercuri, The Great American Hot Dog Book , 2007, p. 13
- Andrew F. Smith, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America , 2004. Article Hot dog , pp. 687 ff.
- Bettina Cosack: Snack: Where Danish hot dogs taste best. In: Berliner Zeitung . May 14, 2015, accessed June 21, 2015 .