Jewish Museum (New York City)
The Jewish Museum is part of the Museum Mile and is located in the New York borough of Manhattan in the Carnegie Hill district on the Upper East Side . It is in the former mansion ( Mansion ) by Felix Warburg at 1109 Fifth Avenue housed at the height of 92nd Street.
The cornerstone of the collection was a gift of 26 Judaica from the property of Judge Mayer Sulzberger to the Jewish Theological Seminary of America on January 20, 1904, which became part of the Seminary's library. The collection moved to the Seminary in a building on Broadway at 122nd Street in 1931 and was stored there in a separate room - the Museum of Jewish Ceremonial Objects . The collection was then expanded through large donations from Hadji Ephraim Benguiat and Harry G. Friedman .
In January 1944 Frieda Schiff Warburg, the widow of the philanthropist Felix Warburg , who died in 1937, donated the family mansion as the permanent seat of the museum, making the collection accessible to the public for the first time in May 1947. The facade of the castle-like building by architect CPH Gilbert from 1908 cites stylistic elements of the French Gothic and in 1963 received a modernist extension for the museum, which was demolished in 1989 and replaced by an extension planned by Kevin Roche , the appearance of which is adapted to the main building. When it opened in 1993, the museum was able to double its exhibition space.
In the 1960s, the museum took a more active part in presenting contemporary art with exhibitions such as Primary Structures (1966), which helped pave the way for minimalism . It also exhibited important American avant-garde artists such as Robert Rauschenberg , Jasper Johns and Philip Guston . In the 1970s, the museum returned to its original direction and presented exhibitions on Jewish culture and Jewish artists. In 1992, the Jewish Museum and the Film Society of Lincoln Center launched the New York Jewish Film Festival , which presents Jewish feature films, short films and documentaries.
The current permanent exhibition Culture and Continuity: The Jewish Journey (translated: “ Culture and Continuity: The Jewish Journey ” ) shows the evolution of Jewish culture from antiquity to the present using selected objects from the museum's extensive collection. It is supplemented by large, interdisciplinary changing and special exhibitions. The museum is also known for its art exhibitions, which interpret the works of art in connection with social history . The Jewish Museum also offers educational opportunities for adults and families, as well as concerts, films, symposia and lectures in connection with the exhibitions.
The museum's collection comprises over 26,000 objects, making it the largest collection of Jewish art and culture in the world. The focus is on objects from Jewish history and culture as well as modern and contemporary Jewish art - with paintings, sculptures, archaeological artifacts, cult objects, coins, ethnographic materials, media products and other elements that are important for the preservation of Jewish history and culture . The collection thus includes a wide variety of objects that are directly or indirectly connected with Judaism , from ancient times to modern times, from every corner of the world in which Jews lived. The collection also includes works of art by James Tissot , Marc Chagall , George Segal , Eleanor Antin , Moritz Daniel Oppenheim and Deborah Kass .
Over the past 20 years the museum has presented a number of major special exhibitions: The Circle of Montparnasse : Jewish Artists in Paris, 1905–1945 (1985), The Dreyfus Affair : Art, Truth, and Justice (1987), Painting a Place in America: Jewish Artists in New York, 1900-1945 (1991), Too Jewish ?: Challenging Traditional Identities (1996), Assignment: Rescue, The Story of Varian Fry and the Emergency Rescue Committee (1997), An Expressionist in Paris: The Paintings of Chaim Soutine (1998), Voice, Image, Gesture: Selections from The Jewish Museum's Collection, 1945–2000 (2001), Mirroring Evil: Nazi Imagery / Recent Art (2002), New York: Capital of Photography (2002), Modigliani Beyond the Myth (2004), Action / Abstraction: Pollock , de Kooning and American Art, 1940-1976 (2008), Shifting the Gaze. Painting and Feminism (2010–2011), Roberto Burle Marx : Brazilian Modernist (2016); then: Deutsche Bank KunstHalle Berlin (2017).
- List of Jewish museums
- List of museums in New York City
- Museum Mile (New York City)
- Carnegie Hill
- Upper East Side
- Vivian Mann and Emily D. Bilski: The Jewish Museum New York . Scala Publishers, 1993.
- Maurice Berger, Joan Rosenbaum and Vivian B. Mann: Masterworks of the Jewish Museum . Yale University Press and The Jewish Museum New York. ISB, 2004.
- Homepage The Jewish Museum . Retrieved January 3, 2011.
- Stern, Robert AM; Mellins, Thomas & Fisman, David (1995): New York 1960: Architecture and Urbanism between the Second World War and Bicentennial. New York: The Monacelli Press, p. 1110
- Michael Kimmelman: A Museum Finds Its Time . In: The New York Times , June 13, 1993, p. H33. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- Roberta Smith: Jewish Museum as Sum of Its Past . In: The New York Times , June 11, 1993. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- Jewish Museum reopens Sunday . In: The New York Times , June 6, 1993. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- Masterworks of The Jewish Museum . New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004