Johann Baptist Gradl

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Johann Baptist Gradl, 1966
Memorial plaque, Blanckertzweg 1, in Berlin-Lichterfelde
Memorial stone, Blanckertzweg 1, in Berlin-Lichterfelde

Johann Baptist Gradl (born March 25, 1904 in Berlin ; † July 2, 1988 there ) was a German politician ( CDU ). From 1965 to 1966 he was Federal Minister for Expellees, Refugees and War Victims and in 1966 he was also Federal Minister for All-German Issues in the Erhard II cabinet .


Johann Baptist Gradl's parents immigrated from Grafenwöhr in Bavaria shortly before his birth . The father was a postal worker for the Reichspost . Gradl was married to Marianne Brecour, a niece of Wilhelm Brecour . He had four children with her.

education and profession

After graduating from high school in 1922 Gradl completed an apprenticeship as a banker and studied economics and political science at Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin and Friedrichs-Universität Halle . Graduated in economics since 1926 , he was promoted to Dr. rer. pole. PhD.

From 1926 to 1930 Gradl worked as an editor for the Germania daily newspaper in Berlin. From 1931 to 1945 he worked for the German Savings Banks and Giro Association and from 1938 to 1945 he was also a member of the management of the Reichsgruppe Banken in Berlin. In the meantime he was a soldier from 1940 to 1941. After 1945 Gradl initially worked as a freelancer. From 1948 to 1963 he was editor of the Berlin newspaper Der Tag . Gradl was one of the founders of the Kuratorium Indivisible Germany in 1954 and was the chairman of the executive board from 1973 to 1987. From 1958 to 1975 he was President of the Research Advisory Board for questions relating to the reunification of Germany .

He was a parish member of the parish Mater Dolorosa (Berlin-Lankwitz) . He is buried in a grave of honor in Berlin in the cemetery of the St. Matthias Congregation (Berlin-Tempelhof) , which also functions as the 10th station of the Cross of the cemetery ( Jesus is stripped of his clothes ).

Political party

During the Weimar Republic Gradl was a member of the German Center Party . From 1930 to 1933 he was its chairman in Berlin-Kreuzberg .

In 1945 Gradl was one of the co-founders of the CDU in Berlin and in the Soviet zone of occupation and was also a member of the main CDU board. Deposed by the Soviet occupying power at the end of 1947, he became involved in West Berlin and CDU. From 1953 to 1971 he was a member of the CDU federal executive committee . From 1970 to 1987 he was chairman of the CDU in exile . He had been a member of the executive board since 1947.


From 1957 to 1980 he was a member of the German Bundestag . Here he was chairman of the committee for intra-German relations from 1969 to 1972, after having been deputy chairman of the Bundestag committee for all-German and Berlin issues from 1957 to 1965. In the eighth legislative period he was the oldest member of the German Bundestag after the death of Ludwig Erhard .

Public offices

After the federal election in 1965 he was appointed Federal Minister for Expellees, Refugees and War Victims on October 26, 1965 in the federal government led by Chancellor Ludwig Erhard . After the break of the coalition and the resignation of the FDP federal ministers, he also took over the management of the federal ministry for all-German issues on October 28, 1966. On December 1, 1966 Gradl left the federal government.


Honorary grave of Johann Baptist Gradl
52 ° 27 ′ 18 ″  N , 13 ° 21 ′ 48 ″  E

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Johann Baptist Gradl Mater Dolorosa Berlin-Lankwitz
  2. Figure entrance stone


  • Paths to Reunification , 1956.
  • Industrial tendencies in education in both parts of Germany , Beltz-Verlag, 1967.
  • Beginning under the Soviet star. The CDU 1945-1948 in the Soviet zone of occupation in Germany , Verlag Wissenschaft und Politik, Cologne 1981.
  • For German unity. Certificates of engagement , Herford 1982.
  • Germany as a task. Politics and National Education , 1982.
  • Always on the lookout. Speeches, statements and essays on Germany policy , Verlag Wissenschaft und Politik, Cologne 1984.
  • In the interests of unity. Evidence of engagement , Herford 1994 (posthumously).


  • Egon Bahr : Courage to Unity, Festschrift for Johann Baptist Gradl , Verlag Wissenschaft und Politik, Cologne 1984, ISBN 978-3-8046-8627-4
  • Klaus Gotto : Johann Baptist Gradl (1904–1988) . Contemporary history in life pictures from German Catholicism of the 19th and 20th centuries, Vol. 8, Aschendorff-Verlag.
  • Ulrich Mohr: Political Concepts and Activities in Germany Politics Johann Baptist Gradl , Lang, Frankfurt am Main; Berlin; Bern; Bruxelles; New York; Oxford; Vienna 2000, ISBN 978-3-631-36625-7

Web links

Commons : Johann Baptist Gradl  - Collection of images, videos and audio files