Johann IV. (Habsburg-Laufenburg)

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Johann IV. Von Habsburg-Laufenburg (also: Count Hans or lovingly through the tradition of the saltpeterers The good Count Hänsli due to the supposedly guaranteed ancient freedoms and rights to the free farmers in the Hotzenwald ; * around 1355 probably in Laufenburg ; † 18. May 1408 at Balm Castle ) was the last count of the House of Habsburg-Laufenburg , Landgrave in Klettgau , Lord of Laufenburg and Rheinau , Lord of Krenkingen until 1398, then of Rotenberg and governor of Austria in Thurgau , Aargau and the Black Forest .


Johann IV was the son of Rudolf IV (Habsburg-Laufenburg) († October 1, 1383) and (⚭ February 9, 1354) Elisabeth (Verena Isabella) Gonzaga of Mantua (1348-1380).

After Albrecht III. had temporarily taken over the reign in the foothills , Johann was finally old enough to take over the reign himself. At first he waived his father's bailiff's rights in Swabia and Alsace in exchange for a payment of 2,400 guilders . The bailiwick rights over the county and castle Hauenstein and the Black Forest, however, remained expressly with Johann. He also had to sell the castle and town of Laufenburg to Duke Leopold of Austria . He was then given back this property as an Austrian man fief. Since Laufenburg was sold, he lived mainly in Klettgau , possibly at Balm Castle , where he died the week before St. Urban Day in 1408.

In 1372 his father planned to marry him to the daughter of Ulrich von Rappoltstein , Herzlaude. He offered his son the Klettgau, Herznach Castle and 10,000 guilders in gold or "equivalent". The contract, drawn up on December 9th in Laufenburg, has been preserved, but his wish was not fulfilled. The reason is not known, it is interesting how he wants to implement the plan:

It is also knowledgeable when we show the above toes in guldin, i.e. before we write, when we then the above mentioned gentlemen to Rapoltstein or Brunen, sinen bruoder, whether he is who, man and rushes to you with boats or letters, ze huse, ze hofe or under ougen, the aforementioned Hercelauden giving our sune ze and showing that she will do this immediately in the next manunge after the manunge and ane verde, ane all contradicting and ane geverde

Translated literally: “It is also to be known if we show the aforementioned ten thousand guilders, as described above, if we then mention Ulrich von Rappoltstein, (the brother of the Herzlaude) or Bruno, his brother, even if he is not present would, admonish, and ask him by messenger or letters, at home, at court or in private , to give the aforementioned cordiality to our son and to increase, they should then do that in the next month after the warning and demand, immediately, without any contradiction or danger. "(Herzlaude then married a Count von Saar Werden). (Source and print in Aargovia, Volume 18)

Johann married Countess Agnes von (Hohen-) Landenberg-Greifensee . With this he had three daughters. In addition, Johann had an illegitimate son Mauritz. After his death, his property came through his heir Ursula, who lived with Rudolf III. von Sulz (through the mediation of his father Hermann von Sulz ), was married to the Sulz family . He sold the town and rule of Laufenburg on April 27, 1386 to his cousin Duke Leopold of Austria for 12,000 guilders. The county of Laufenburg fell as a settled fiefdom to Duke Friedrich of Austria and after his line was extinguished again to the main line of Habsburg .

In 1390 he handed over the Prechtal rule to the Margrave Hesso von Baden-Hachberg as a fief. In the event of his death without a male heir, the fief should become the property of the margraves. This case occurred in 1408. However, in October 1406, Count Hans had awarded the Prechtal fiefdom to Counts Konrad, Heinrich and Egon von Fürstenberg, for which they waived debt claims.


From his marriage to Countess Agnes von [Hohen-] Landenberg-Greifensee came from:


  • Mauriz


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Fridolin Jehle, History of the City of Laufenburg , Volume 1, The Common City, 1979
  2. [1]  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. | Documents on regesta-imperii@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  3. a b
  4. ^ Joseph Bader, Die Grafen von Sulz, in: Badenia, 1840 Volume 2, p. 134
  5. ^ Reprinted in: Argovia Volume 18: A. Münch: Regesten der Grafen von Habsburg der Laufenburg Line, 1198 to 1408. 2. Part I.
  6. ^ Reprinted in: Argovia Volume 18: A. Münch: Regesten der Grafen von Habsburg der Laufenburg Line, 1198 to 1408. 2. Part I.
  7. ^ Fürstenbergisches Urkundenbuch: Sammlung d. History sources d. House of Fürstenberg u. his country in Swabia. 2. Sources on the history of the Counts of Fürstenberg from the years 1300 - 1399 , 1877, No. 542, pp. 358–359 digitized from ULB Düsseldorf
  8. ^ See Arnold Münch: Regesten der Grafen von Habsburg, Lassenburg line 1198–1408. In: Argovia , 10 (1879), p. 255, No. 753 and 754 ( doi: 10.5169 / seals-22568 )
  9. ^ After Habsburg-Laufenburg and Neu Kyburg (pdf, on the family died out with Mauritius † 1408.
predecessor Office successor
Rudolf IV of Habsburg-Laufenburg Landgraf in Klettgau
1383 - 1408
Rudolf III. from Sulz