Johann Jakob Stehlin the Younger

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Tomb of the Stehlin family in the Wolfgottesacker cemetery in Basel

Johann Jakob Stehlin-Burckhardt (born March 25, 1826 in Basel ; † September 9, 1894 there ) was a Swiss architect .

life and work

Johann Jakob Stehlin was the son of the architect and politician Johann Jakob Stehlin the Elder and was the first born of a total of four children. His youngest brother was Karl Rudolf Stehlin . His nephews were Fritz Stehlin , Hans Georg Stehlin and Karl Stehlin .

After leaving school, he began his training in his father's construction business before moving to a Weinbrenner student , Franz Geier, in Mainz from 1946 . He then studied in Paris at the École des beaux-arts in Henri Labrouste's studio . Further studies took him to England and Berlin, where in 1849 he worked with Friedrich August Stüler , Johann Heinrich Strack , Franz Kugler and Karl Bötticher . Stehlin was thus equally influenced by both the French and the German design tradition. The Grand Tour , an extensive educational trip through Italy and Sicily, followed his studies and first work in offices .

After he returned to his hometown at the beginning of 1855, he took over his father's construction business and was one of Basel's most sought-after and established architects in his career. After building a villa for his father on the site of the Stehlin construction yard at Aeschenplatz 13 in 1866/1867 , in 1870 Stehlin bought a magnificent villa for himself and his family at St. Alban-Anlage 19. Both buildings were demolished in 1946.

In 1853, Stehlin was able to complete the facade of the main post office in Basel and thus prevailed against the competitor and then city building director Amadeus Merian . After his early buildings were more shaped by historicizing Renaissance or Gothic forms - the court building in the arched style - his style increasingly changed over the course of his career to baroque forms, for which his public buildings in particular were ultimately known as typical. In contrast, English-neo-Gothic designs continued to be found in the residential buildings alongside classicist and other historicizing influences. In 1876 the large concert hall designed by Stehlin was added to the Stadtcasino Basel . Over a period of 25 years, Stehlin erected at least 40 buildings in Basel. Only a few of them have survived today.

In 1893, Stehlin published the Architectural Communication from Basel . This offered an overview of his life's work with thoughts on architecture and its development through the centuries.

Stehlin was married to Helena Burckhardt (1836-1886) since 1855. They had three children together. The grave monument he designed was erected in 1886 for his wife and daughter as well as for himself. The architectural construction was carried out by the David Doret studio in Vevey and the angel made of Carrara marble by the Geneva sculptor Charles-François-Marie Iguel (1827–1897). They were originally buried in the Kannenfeld- Gottesacker. After the cemetery was closed, the grave was moved to the Wolfgottesacker . Later his grandson Alfred Adolf Goenner (1885-1929) engineer of the market hall and his wife Anna Maria Goenner-Smeykal (1893-1929) were buried there. To the left of the grave monument is the grave of his parents and his two sons who died early.

Buildings (selection)

Courthouse in Basel, 1858–1859, in neo-renaissance forms
La Roche banker's villa, 1874
Mission 21 - Evangelisches Missionswerk Basel built (1858–1860) by Johann Jakob Stehlin the Younger
Mission 21 , Evangelisches Missionswerk Basel
  • Redesign of the St. Alban's Church in Basel (1845)
  • Nave of the Protestant Reformed Church in Rothenfluh (1852)
  • Main building of the Swiss Post , Freie Strasse 12, older part (1852/1853); for the more recent part, Stehlin also delivered a draft in 1876, and after a negative opinion from Conrad Wilhelm Hase , the plans of the Austrian Friedrich von Schmidt were implemented there .
  • Silk ribbon factory De Bary & Cie. in the Gellert villa district in Basel (1856; closed in 1960, demolished in 1965 and built on with high-rise buildings)
  • Courthouse, Bäumleingasse 1–3 (1856–1859)
  • House of the Basel Mission (1858–1860)
  • Factory building in the Mühlematt in Liestal (1858; about 1960 demolished and built on with a vocational school)
  • Villa on St. Jakobs-Strasse 185 (1858) for Karl Geigy (1798–1861)
  • Conversion of Villa Merian in Brüglingen / Münchenstein (1858/1859)
  • Lower factory (Fiechter & Söhne) in Sissach (1859; attribution by the canton of Dkmpfl. BL)
  • Lower College of the Old University of Basel on the Rheinsprung (heightening and redesign of the facade, 1859/1860)
  • Kaserne Basel , Kasernenstrasse 23 (1860–1863)
  • Villa St. Alban-Vorstadt 24, for the merchant Carl Von der Mühll-Merian (1863/1864)
  • Villa Gauss in Liestal (1864/1866; today the seat of the Baselland cantonal preservation authorities)
  • Villa St. Alban-Anlage 64 (1865)
  • Rectory of the Elisabethenkirche in Basel (1865/1867)
  • Kunsthalle Basel , Steinenberg 7 (1870–1872)
  • Workers 'and petty bourgeois settlement in the Bachletten district of Basel (1871/1888, together with Eduard Vischer for the construction company for workers' housing)
  • Hirzen Pavilion , (1876/1878) in Riehen
  • Bernoullianum (1872/1874)
  • Theater Basel (second building), 1873/75; Burned down in 1904, but rebuilt, opened in 1909; blown up on August 6, 1975, after completion of the new building (by architects Schwarz + Gutmann)
  • Music hall of the Stadtcasino Basel (1875/1876)
  • Herrenhof of the Bäumlihof (1876/1878; demolished 1951) and renovation of the Wenkenhof (1860) in Riehen
  • Villa "Monbijou" in Hilterfingen (1890)


  • Johann Jacob Stehlin-Burckhardt: Architectural communications from Basel . Wittwer, Stuttgart 1893
  • A three-volume portfolio of photographs of his buildings is in the library of the University of Basel . Volume 1 contains public buildings (42 panels), volume 2 private houses (44 panels) and volume 3 grave monuments (10 panels).


  • Romana Anselmetti: Stehlin, Johann Jakob d. J. In: Isabelle Rucki, Dorothee Huber (Hrsg.): Architectural Lexicon of Switzerland - 19./20. Century. Birkhäuser, Basel 1998, ISBN 3-7643-5261-2 , p. 507 f.
  • Rose Marie Schulz-Rehberg : Architects of Classicism and Historicism. Building in Basel 1780-1880. Basel 2015, pp. 149–172.
  • JJ Stehlin-Burckhardt . In: Schweizerische Bauzeitung . tape 24 , no. 11 , 1894 ( [accessed on March 15, 2016]).

Web links

Commons : Johann Jakob Stehlin the Younger  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Stehlin "Basler cultural center". Retrieved May 25, 2020 .
  2. ^ JJ Stehlin-Burckhardt: Architectural communications from Basel by JJ Stehlin-Burckhardt. Retrieved July 24, 2019 .
  3. ^ Dominik Heitz: Villa for Karl Geigy. Retrieved July 24, 2019 .