Johann von Wickede (1664–1732)

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Johann von Wickede (born September 16, 1664 in Lübeck , † December 26, 1732 there ) was a German landowner, Danish budget adviser and cathedral dean of the Lübeck cathedral chapter .


Johann von Wickede came from the Lübeck patrician family von Wickede and was a son of councilor Thomas Heinrich von Wickede and his wife Agnete, née. Köhler, a daughter of the lawyer Mayor of Lübeck Anton Köhler . At the age of ten he received a prebend as canon on April 15, 1674 at Lübeck Cathedral . After the death of Heinrich von Brömbsen (1627–1679) on Stockelsdorf, Groß-Steinrade and Roggenhorst, a relative on his mother's side, he inherited the Lübsche Gut Groß Steinrade in 1679 , which Heinrich von Brömbsen had placed under the sovereignty of the Danish king. He studied from 1683 to 1687 in Helmstedt and for a short time in Leipzig , Wittenberg and Jena .

In the election of bishops after the death of Prince-Bishop August Friedrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf in 1705, which was accompanied by a military conflict and at Christmas 1705 by the siege and occupation of Eutin Castle by the Danes, he belonged to the ultimately defeated party in the chapter, who supported the Danish coadjutor , Prince Karl of Denmark (born October 26, 1680, † August 8, 1729), a younger brother of the Danish King Frederick IV . However, through diplomatic intervention by the English Queen Anne and the States General and after the assurance of a pension, the latter was forced to give up his claim, so that Christian August von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf, the candidate of the Godfathers and Sweden- allied party , could succeed. The dispute was finally settled only after the conclusion of the Altranstädter Convention , when Christian August was enfeoffed with the Lübeck Monastery by the Emperor in 1709 .

On October 21, 1712 he was elected cathedral dean by the Lübeck cathedral chapter. In 1722 he donated the baroque altar and pulpit for the Hamberge village church from the workshop of the Lübeck master Hieronymus Hassenberg . In addition to the allegories of "Faith" and "Hope", there is his donor bust and his coat of arms.

In 1727, as cathedral dean, he led the government in the Lübeck bishopric during the vacancy after the sudden death of Prince-Bishop Karl August von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf on May 31, until the election of Prince-Bishop Adolf Friedrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf on September 16, 1727. During this time he had 1200 speciestalers minted with his coat of arms and that of the cathedral chapter, which became known as Lübecksche Capitelsthaler .

Johann von Wickede left no sons, only one daughter, Agnete Cäcilie (1700–1723), who was married to Christian August (I.) von Rumohr (1690–1743). In a short erected before his death in 1732 will, he stipulated that United Steinrade (including Henning von Rumohr (1722-1804), the father first of the three children of his already dead daughter Carl Friedrich von Rumohr ) fall and forever a Fideicommiss in Rumohr family of male and female lines remain, but after their extinction it should revert to the Wickede family, namely to the descendants of Thomas von Wickede, who died as the owner of Kastorf in 1626 . The von Rumohr family remained in possession of the estate until the death of the last Rumohr, General Detlev von Rumohr († 1961).

His preamble fell to Wulf Heinrich von Thienen .


  • Life history and personal details of Mr. Joh. Von Wickede, hereditary lords on the big stone wheel, as well as Etats-Rath I. Maj. Zu Dännemarck. Lübeck 1788
  • Johannes von Schröder: Topography of the Duchy of Holstein, the Principality of Lübeck and the free and Hanseatic cities of Hamburg and Lübeck. Volume 2, Oldenburg i. H .: Fränckel 1841, p. 380
  • Carl Friedrich Wehrmann : The Lübeck estates. In: ZVLGA 7, Heft 2 (1895), pp. 151-236
  • Wolfgang Prange: Directory of the canons. In: Ders .: Bishop and Cathedral Chapter of Lübeck: Hochstift, Fürstentum und Landesteil 1160-1937 , Lübeck: Schmidt-Römhild 2014 ISBN 978-3-7950-5215-7 , p. 399 (No. 290)

Individual evidence

  1. ^ According to GND and Prange (Lit.); Schröder (lit.) deviating: September 26th
  2. Peter von Kobbe : Schleswig-Holstein history from the death of Duke Christian Albrecht to the death of King Christian VII (1694 to 1808). Altona: Hammerich 1834, p. 42
  3. ^ Eduard Vehse: History of the small German courts since the Reformation. Part 14: The spiritual courts , Volume 4, Hamburg: Hoffmann & Campe 1860, p. 85
  4. CR Rasmussen, E. Imberger, D. Lohmeier, I. Mommsen: The princes of the country - dukes and counts of Schleswig-Holstein and Lauenburg . Wachholtz Verlag, Neumünster 2008., p. 195.
  5. ^ Johann Hermann Schnobel (ed.): Jacob von Melles Thorough Message from the Kayserlichen, Freyen and the H. Römis. Imperial City of Lübeck 3rd edition 1787, p. 153
  6. Ludwig Kohli: Historical-statistical-geographical description of the principalities of Lübeck and Birkenfeld (manual of a historical-statistical-geographical description of the Duchy of Oldenburg together with the inheritance of Jever, and the two principalities of Lübeck and Birkenfeld; Part 2, Section 2), Bremen: Kaiser 1826, p. 96
  7. Figure