Johannes Boehlau

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Johannes Boehlau (born September 30, 1861 in Halle (Saale) , † September 24, 1941 in Göttingen ) was a German classical archaeologist .


Johannes Boehlau, the son of the lawyer Hugo Böhlau , attended high school in Rostock and began studying classical philology and archeology there in April 1879 . After a semester in Bonn , Boehlau returned to the University of Rostock in the winter semester of 1881/82 and then in 1882 to the University of Würzburg , to which his father had been appointed. 1884 Boehlau was in Rostock with the dissertation Quaestiones de re vestiaria Graecorum ( "Studies on the clothing of the Greeks", published by his uncle Hermann Böhlau ) PhD . Boehlau passed the teaching examination in Münster and Bonn.

After completing his studies, Boehlau received a travel grant from the German Archaeological Institute for 1885/86 , which enabled him to stay in Asia Minor and Greece. He spent a few weeks at the Pergamon excavation site . During his stay in Greece he researched the Greek vases and contributed in several essays to their regional differentiation. From 1889 Boehlau worked for a short time as a teacher at the Joachimsthalschen Gymnasium in Berlin . As early as 1891 he received a call to the Museum Fridericianum in Kassel , where the position of director had been vacant since the death of Eduard Pinder (1836–1890). Boehlau was initially employed as a director's assistant and was appointed director in 1902. He was released three times for excavation campaigns: 1894 on Samos , 1902 in Larisa am Hermos , 1907 on Lesbos .

In Kassel, Boehlau was in charge of the areas of prehistory, antiquity, numismatics and the cast collection . Together with the gallery director Oskar Eisenmann (1842–1933) he planned the reorganization of the museum: he divided it into departments according to its holdings and designed the new Hessian State Museum , which was designed by the architect Theodor Fischer and completed in 1913. Since 1910, Boehlau was also responsible for the entire collection as administrative director. To promote art and science in Kassel, he founded the Museum Association in 1903, reorganized the Kassel Art Association (1908) and participated in the establishment of the Kurhessische Gesellschaft für Kunst und Wissenschaft (1912). In 1912 he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . In the last few years up to his retirement (1924 to 1928) Boehlau dealt with the restructuring and restructuring of the natural history and ethnological collections. As a result of his activities, the city's natural history museum was opened in 1929.

As a pensioner, Boehlau continued his archaeological studies and excavations in Larissa (with Lennart Kjellberg and Karl Schefold ). In 1931 he moved to Göttingen because the Göttingen University Library was better equipped. From 1932 he was troubled by malaria that he contracted in Larissa. Shortly before the age of 80, Boehlau died on September 24, 1941 in Göttingen. His estate is kept in the Archaeological Institute of the University of Göttingen .

Publications (selection)

  • From Ionic and Italian necropolises. Excavations and research into the history of post-Mycenaean Greek art . Teubner, Leipzig 1898 ( digitized version ).


  • Kurt Luthmer : In memoriam Johannes Boehlau, Eberhard Preime, Franz Voigt . Kassel 1941.
  • Ludwig Pallat : Johannes Boehlau . In: Yearbook of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1941/42, pp. 95–96.
  • Hans Möbius : Johannes Boehlau . In: Hessenland. Journal for cultural care of the Hessen District Association 53, 1942, pp. 53–54.
  • Peter Gercke : Johannes Boehlau . In: Reinhard Lullies , Wolfgang Schiering (Hrsg.): Archäologenbildnisse : Portraits and short biographies of classical archaeologists in the German language , Mainz 1988, ISBN 3-8053-0971-6 , pp. 146–147.
  • Jürgen M. Lehmann: Biographies of the scientific staff at the Hessisches Landesmuseum Kassel 1913–1988 . In: Art in Hessen and on the Middle Rhine 28, 1988, pp. 159–160.
  • Samos - the Kassel excavation in 1894 in the necropolis of the archaic city by Johannes Boehlau and Edward Habich . Staatliche Museen Kassel, Kassel 1996, ISBN 3-931787-05-2 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Matriculation (1) by Johannes Boehlau in the Rostock matriculation portal .
  2. ^ Matriculation (2) by Johannes Boehlau in the Rostock matriculation portal.
  3. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 43.

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