Karl Czok

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Karl Czok (born March 12, 1926 in Görlitz ; † July 18, 2013 in Leipzig ) was a German historian .


The trained machine fitter Karl Czok visited the preparatory college in Leipzig (later the workers and farmers faculty ) and passed his Abitur there.

From 1951 Czok studied history at the Karl Marx University in Leipzig . During his studies, he joined the SED in 1953 .

The doctorate to Dr. phil. 1957 followed in 1963 the habilitation . Czok's academic teachers included Walter Markov , Ernst Engelberg , Heinrich Sproemberg, and Hellmut Kretzschmar . At the Philosophical Faculty , which later became the History Section of Leipzig University, Czok initially worked as a lecturer , from 1966 as an associate professor and since 1969 as a full professor for the history of the local labor movement . In 1988 he was for health reasons emeritus .

Czok had been a member of the Historical Commission of the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig since 1966 and was appointed a full member there in 1977.

In 1973, on the recommendation of Edith Ennen, he was elected a member of the Commission Internationale pour l'Histoire des Villes and, in 1974, a corresponding member of the Austrian Working Group for Urban History . His main areas of work were the older city history as well as Saxon state and regional history. For the history of the medieval city he coined the term civil struggles. Czok saw himself as a "critical Marxist".

One of Czok's students is Sieglinde Richter-Nickel , the director of the Dresden City Museum .


Fonts (selection)

  • Urban popular movements in the German late Middle Ages . A contribution to civil struggles and inner-city movements during the early bourgeois revolution. Leipzig 1963 (2 parts).
  • The city . Your position in German history. Leipzig / Jena / Berlin 1969.
  • The old Leipzig . Koehler and Amelang, Leipzig 1978.
  • Suburbs . on their origin, economy and social development in the older German city history. In: Meeting reports of the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig . Philological-historical class. tape 121 , H.1. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1979.
  • August the Strong and Electoral Saxony . Koehler and Amelang, Leipzig 1987.
  • At the court of Augustus the Strong . Edition Leipzig, Leipzig 1989 (rulers, courts, backgrounds).
  • August the Strong and his time . Elector of Saxony, King of Poland. Piper, Munich / Zurich 2006, ISBN 978-3-492-24636-1 (unabridged paperback edition).
  • History of Saxony . Böhlau, Weimar 1989, ISBN 3-7400-0062-7 .
  • Yearbook for Regional History, Vols. 1–20, Leipzig et al. 1965–1996.


  • Czok, Karl . In: Collegium Politicum at the University of Hamburg. Historiography Working Group (Ed.): Historians in Central Germany . Ferd. Dümmerls Verlag, Bonn, Hanover, Hamburg, Munich 1965, p. 21.
  • Helmut Bräuer : An interview with Karl Czok . In: The city as a communication space (=  contributions to city history from the Middle Ages to the 20th century ). Leipzig 2001, p. 17–34 (Festschrift for Karl Czok on his 75th birthday).
  • Helmut Bräuer and Elke Schlenkrich (eds.): The city as a communication space . Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2001, ISBN 3-934565-72-7 (contributions to city history from the Middle Ages to the 20th century; commemorative publication for Karl Czok on his 75th birthday).
  • Uwe Schirmer : In memoriam Karl Czok (1926–2013) , in: New Archive for Saxon History, vol. 85 (2014), pp. 317–320. ISBN 978-3-87707-941-6
  • Yearbook for regional history . No. 14 , 1987, pp. 11-14 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Historian Karl Czok has died. (No longer available online.) In: News from the University. University of Leipzig, August 20, 2013, formerly in the original ; Retrieved September 11, 2013 (number 2013/079).  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.zv.uni-leipzig.de