Karl Moritz Haenel

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Karl Moritz Haenel (born April 27, 1809 in Dresden ; † January 3, 1880 there ; also Carl Moritz Haenel ) was a German builder , he worked in the Saxon state building administration as a building clerk and most recently held the title of chief master builder . He was the father of the architect Oswald Haenel .

Live and act

The building of the Royal Saxon Forest Academy in
Tharandt, built according to Haenel's plans from 1847 to 1849
Original drawing (30 × 42 cm) for the "Concert-Salon for medium-sized businesses in the Great Garden " (Dresden, 1841)

After studying at the construction and industrial school of the Dresden Art Academy , among others with Carl August Benjamin Siegel and Joseph Thürmer , Haenel became agricultural manager in 1837 and agricultural master in 1844.

Between 1837 and 1844 he went on study trips to Paris and the Netherlands and rebuilt the chapel in the royal vineyard in Wachwitz .

In 1845 Haenel was given the task of restoring the Spitzhaus staircase at Hoflößnitz . He expanded it to a total of 397 levels by 1847.

From 1847 to 1849 the building of the Royal Saxon Forest Academy (today the old building of the forest science department of the Technical University of Dresden ) in Tharandt was built according to his plans .

After Gottfried Semper's flight from Dresden because of his participation in the revolution of 1848 , Haenel was given the task of completing the construction of the Zwinger's picture gallery .

Between 1854 and 1857 Haenel and Frommherz Lobegott Marx built the tower of the Dreikönigskirche in Dresden. The Zwinger city pavilion, which was destroyed by the revolutionary events in 1849 , was rebuilt by Haenel between 1857 and 1863. From 1858 to 1859 Haenel rebuilt Castle Roßthal near Dresden in the neo-renaissance style and provided it with two new upper floors. In addition, the Heynitz , Zschorna near Großenhain , Zschepplin and Döben palaces were renovated , the Meissen porcelain factory , the veterinary school and the Bohemian train station in Dresden were rebuilt.

In 1862 Haenel became a master builder. In 1864 Count Franz Anton von Thun and Hohenstein had the observation tower built on the Hohe Schneeberg according to Haenel's plans. This served during the Royal Saxon Triangulation from 1866 as 1st order station No. 8 Schneeberg .

After the parish of the castle church in Chemnitz was founded in 1859, Haenel restored it from 1867 to 1875. From 1872 to 1876, Karl Moritz Haenel converted the Dresden Johanneum into a historical museum. In addition, the entire castle hill with the Kornhaus and the Albrechtsburg in Meißen were structurally repaired and upgraded, and the Kriebstein Castle and Gaussig Castle were rebuilt. The Catholic court church in Dresden was renewed and the maternity hospital in Friedrichstadt and the Friedrichschlösschen in the baroque garden Großsedlitz were rebuilt. Haenel also supervised the construction of the second Semperoper in Dresden.

His successor as the last Saxon master builder was Carl Adolph Canzler in 1879 . Haenel died in Dresden at the beginning of 1880, so that he no longer had any part in the competition design by Haenel & Adam for the planned Frankfurt main station .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b The day of death is sometimes also given as October 3rd, which could be based on a rotated number (October 3rd instead of January 3rd). Contemporary data as of January 3rd include:
    • Foreign art chronicle . Necrology. In: The American Art Review . Estes and Lauriat, Boston 1880, p. 228 ( limited preview in Google Book Search - USA ).
    • Hugo Schramm-Macdonald : Moniteur des Dates, contenant un million de renseignements biographiques, généalogiques et historiques. Supplement et appendice . Ed .: Édouard-Marie Oettinger . Ninth and last volume. Bernhard Hermann, Leipzig 1882, p. 81 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
    See also five pavilions and no tower - Haenel & Adam in: Heinz Schomann : The Frankfurt Central Station: 150 Years of Railway History and Urban Development (1838–1988) . Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1983, ISBN 3-421-02801-X , p. 56 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  2. Tower and inn on the Hohe Schneeberg