Karl Scheit

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Karl Scheit (1981)

Karl Scheit (born April 21, 1909 in Schönbrunn (today: Svinov , district of Ostrava ), † November 22, 1993 in Vienna ) was an Austrian guitarist , lutenist , composer and music teacher .


Karl Scheit was born in 1909 as the son of the military bandmaster Emanuel Scheit. His brother Albert Scheit later became a flautist at the Vienna Volksoper. Karl initially received violin lessons from his father; He learned to play the guitar, inspired by the playing of the Mozzani student Joseph "Sepp" Bacher (* 1902) around 1925 , self-taught. He first studied violin at the Linz Conservatory and from 1926 to 1928 guitar with Jakob Ortner at the Vienna Music Academy.

From 1929 he toured Europe, Asia and America as a concert guitarist. He gave concerts on the radio and recorded many LPs and CDs.

Scheit was a guitar teacher at the Federal Education Institute in Vienna from 1932 to 1938. From 1933 to 1984 he taught at the Wiener Musikakademie and Musikhochschule, today's University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna, and from 1938 to 1958 at the Vienna Conservatory , in 1952 he was given a professorship. Together with Luise Walker , he had a significant influence on guitar pedagogy in Vienna. Well-known Scheit students included Ralph Towner , Maritta Kersting , Konrad Ragossnig , Reinbert Evers and Leon Koudelak . In 1979 he retired. He made his instrument known through the television series Guitar for All . Scheit was also the editor of guitar literature at Universal Edition and, from 1957, at the Wiener Verlag Doblinger. The instruments he preferred when performing were Hauser guitars .

In 1953 he co-founded the ensemble “Schola antiqua Vienna”, whose members included Luise Schreiber-Scheit (his wife), Marie Leonhardt , Eduard Melkus , Josef Mertin , Gustav Leonhardt and Peter Stummer . The group devoted itself to historical performance practice .

In honor of Scheit, the University of Vienna regularly organizes an international guitar competition posthumously.


Publications (selection)

  • with Erwin Schaller: textbook for guitar. 5 volumes. Universal Edition Vienna.
  • as editor: music for guitar. Universal Edition. Vienna.


  • Masterpieces of the Classical Guitar, Vol. 1 by Karl Scheit; (Musical Heritage Society)
  • Masterpieces of the Classical Guitar, Vol. 2 by Karl Scheit; (Musical Heritage Society)
  • Masterpieces of the Classical Guitar, Vol. 3 by Karl Scheit; (Musical Heritage Society) - also known as The Virtuoso Guitar, Vol. 2
  • Night full of miracles by Irmgard Seefried , Karl Scheit (Preiser Records)
  • Hans Erich Apostel and the string quartet (including: Hans Erich Apostel and his friend, guitarist Karl Scheit, discuss Apostle's Six Musics for Guitar)


  • Karl Scheit, Peter Päffgen: "That's what I have to offer". Karl Scheit in conversation with Peter Päffgen. In: Guitar & Laute 6, 1984, No. 4, pp. 8-16.
  • Erich Wolfgang Partsch : Karl Scheit. A portrait . Musikhaus Doblinger, Vienna 1994.
  • Józef Powroźniak: Guitar Lexicon . Verlag Neue Musik, Berlin 1979, p. 180.
  • Konrad Ragossnig : Karl Scheit on his 75th birthday , nova giulianiad 2/84, p. 80 f.
  • Maurice J. Summerfield: The Classical Guitar. Its Evolution, Players and Personalities Since 1800 . 5th Edition, Ashley Mark Publishing Company, Newcastle upon Tyne 2002, ISBN 1-872639-51-8 , p. 264.

Web links

Commons : Karl Scheit  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Karl Scheit, Peter Päffgen (1984), p. 9.
  2. P [eter Päffge] n: The great guitar music publishers. Part 2: Doblinger, Vienna. In: Guitar & Laute 1, 1979, 4, pp. 32-34; here: p. 34