|hebrew :||קריית שמונה|
|arabic :||كريات شمونة|
|Founded :||May 1949|
|Area :||9.960 km²|
|Residents :||22,625 (as of 2018)|
|Population density :||2,272 inhabitants per km²|
|Community code :||2800|
|Time zone :||UTC + 2|
|Postal code :||11012|
Kirjat Schmona ( Hebrew קִרְיַת שְׁמוֹנָה Qirjat Schmōnah , German 'settlement of eight' , Plene קריית שמונה, through transliteration from Hebrew also in different spellings such as English Kiryat Shmona , Kiryat Schmonah or officially Qiryat Shmona ; Arabic كريات شمونة, DMG Kiryāt Šamūna ) is a city in the northern district of Israel on the northwestern edge of the Hule plain .
The city was founded in 1949 as a Jewish refugee camp and from 1953 a development city on the ruins of the Palestinian village of al-Chalsa , which had been destroyed a year earlier in the Israeli War of Independence . The residents had fled after the capture of Safed .
The first residents were Yemeni immigrants , the first came on July 18, 1949. They named the city in memory of Trumpeldor Kiriat Josef , the city of Joseph. But the first name Josef was soon replaced by the number eight Schmonah . In 1955, the first local elections were held in Kirjat Shmona. The shelling from Syria, which came to an end in 1967 after the conquest of the Golan Heights in the Six Day War, was a constant threat .
In 1975 Kirjat Shmona received city administration status .
Kirjat Shmona is best known for its location on the Lebanese border, which has often made it the target of attacks. One particularly bloody attack occurred on April 11, 1974, when three members of the Palestinian PFLP carried out a bloodbath in a tenement house in the city, killing 18 people, including eight children, before they were killed in a gunfight themselves.
The city also experienced heavy fighting in 1981 when it was shot at with artillery in clashes between the Israeli army and the PLO . Even during the occupation of southern Lebanon (from 1982 to the final Israeli withdrawal in 2000) Kirjat Shmona did not come to rest. Under the Israeli occupation, Hezbollah was founded in Lebanon with the aim of driving the Israelis out of the country. She repeatedly attacked the city with Katyusha missiles .
During the Lebanon conflict in 2006 , Kirjat Shmona was increasingly hit by such Hezbollah rockets. So far, the second Katyusha rocket fire on northern Israel from Lebanon since the Gaza offensive began on January 14, 2009, three rockets struck near the city.
In 2018 Kirjat Shmona had 22,625 inhabitants.
The Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics gives the following population figures for Kirjat Shmona in the censuses of May 22, 1961, May 19, 1972, June 4, 1983, November 4, 1995 and December 28, 2008:
Year of the census 1961 1972 1983 1995 2008 Number of inhabitants 11,796 15,098 15.210 19,280 22,186
Kiryat Shmona maintains the following cities a twinning :
- Hampstead , Canada since 1978
- Nancy , France , since 1984
- Rishon LeZion , Israel since 2006
- Memmingen , Germany , April 3, 2009
Sons and daughters
- Raz Degan (* 1968), Israeli film actor
- Yifat Sasha-Biton (* 1973), Israeli teacher and politician
- Dudi Sela (* 1985), Israeli tennis player
- Nisim Malcha (until 2019)
- Avihay Shtern (since 2019)
- אוכלוסייה ביישובים 2018 (population of the settlements 2018). (XLSX; 0.13 MB) Israel Central Bureau of Statistics , August 25, 2019, accessed May 11, 2020 .
- Zip Code Zip Code Zefat, Israel (Qiryat_Shemona Street Index) - GeoPostcodes. Retrieved August 25, 2018 .
- Kiriat Schmonah celebrates his 70th birthday. In: Israelnetz .de. August 29, 2019, accessed September 3, 2019 .
- Cf. Joseph Croitoru: The martyr as a weapon. The historical roots of the suicide bombing. Munich / Vienna 2003, p. 12ff.
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from April 19, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Central Office for Statistics