Bad Homburg spa gardens
The spa park is located in the valley of the Kirdorfer Bach , which, however, was moved to the northern edge. It consists of grassy areas and mostly old trees with native and many exotic plants from North America and Asia . In the north it is bounded by the Paul-Ehrlich- or Weinbergsweg , in the south by the Kaiser-Friedrich-Promenade , in the east by the Seedammweg / Im Rosengarten and in the west by the Schwedenpfad . To the south-west of this is the postmodern new Kurhaus , built from 1982 to 1984, with the Kurhausgarten, which extends up to the Kaiser-Friedrich-Promenade.
In the western part of the spa park is the swan pond with the fountain . There the park borders on the smaller Jubilee Park (created in 1913 for the 25th anniversary of Wilhelm II's throne ) with a central lawn, which is becoming increasingly popular and has already been referred to in the media as "Bad Homburg Central Park ". Close to the swan pond is the Sala -Thai I, a pavilion that has often been called the “ Siamese Temple” since it was built, a name that has become commonplace. Not far from there are tennis courts that extend to the former "tennis bar". This in turn was rebuilt by the Kur- und Kongress-GmbH and now operates as the “Fitnessclub Kur-Royal Aktiv” - related to the “Kur-Royal” in Kaiser-Wilhelms-Bad on the opposite side of Kisseleffstrasse , which runs the spa gardens cuts through from south to north. The Bad Homburg casino is also in this area.
The eastern part of the park is best known for the many wells , which are relatively close together, but sometimes have very different mineral contents. The new Sala-Thai II has been somewhat hidden in the so-called salt marshes since 2007 and can best be seen from the vineyard path. Access from the park leads through the fragrance and touch garden for visually impaired visitors to the spa park, which has been in existence since 1983.
A chestnut- lined axis, the Brunnenallee , runs through the fountain area to the small foyer on the 6-hole golf course. Golf has been played here since 1889 . Just a few steps south of it is the small, very stylishly designed Russian Chapel .
The busts of Emperor Friedrich III stand on the Schmuckplatz on the Kaiser-Friedrich-Promenade . and his wife Victoria, opposite Empress Friedrich , and near the foyer, the Landgrave monument commemorates the reception of Huguenot refugees by Landgrave Friedrich II, the famous Prince of Homburg . Other monuments are dedicated to the creator of the spa park, Peter Joseph Lenné, and the poet Friedrich Hölderlin , but also to Maximilian Oskar Bircher-Benner , who dealt with whole foods and after whom muesli is still named today. In front of the Kaiser-Wilhelms-Bad there is a monument to Wilhelm I in the Jubilee Park, a memorial stone commemorates the 25th anniversary of the reign of Wilhelm II . the thirst well from 1910 by the sculptor Hans Dammann for the Great Berlin Art Exhibition of the same year. The fountain was given to the city in 1914 by the former District Administrator Helmuth von Brüning .
In 2014 a memorial was erected for Fyodor Michailowitsch Dostojewski , who immortalized Bad Homburg in his work The Gambler. The monument by Russian artist Nikolai Karlykhanov cost € 35,000 and was paid for by the cure. The displaced persons monument in the anniversary park commemorates the displaced persons.
With the discovery of the Ludwigsbrunnen in 1809, which was followed by other sources, the rise of Homburg vor der Höhe to a world-famous health resort began. The first Kursaal building and the first casino in Homburg were built in 1841/1842 by the brothers François Blanc (1806–1877) and Louis Blanc (1806–1852). Quote from François Blanc: “The House of Homburg was sovereign but heavily in debt. It had a small town with a dirt nest below us, but it was in an idyllic location and it had healing springs. So there we saw opportunities for development. "
On their behalf, the royal Prussian horticultural director Peter Joseph Lenné created the Bad Homburg spa gardens in 1856. In terms of size and beauty, it should, if possible, exceed all spa facilities. This complex is the only one of his creations that has remained unchanged. Over the decades, master horticulturist Lenné's total work of art, cherished and cared for, has actually become one of the most beautiful and largest facilities in Germany.
The magnificent building of the Kaiser-Wilhelms-Bad and the neoclassical Elisabethenbrunnen , which Kaiser Wilhelm II personally designed, are located here. The oldest tennis - (1876) and the oldest golf course on the European continent have their home here. The Russian Chapel was consecrated in 1899.
From August 28 to September 22, 1907, the Thai King Rama V, also known as King Chulalongkorn , visited Bad Homburg. The city gave him the inauguration of a spring that had been drilled shortly before and named after him. As a thank you for this and for his recovery, the King gave Bad Homburg a roof for the spring - despite the bad food and the “cold, rough weather” according to his travel diary. The temple-like building covered with gold leaf was manufactured in Bangkok and dismantled into individual parts and transported by ship to Bad Homburg. Due to losses on the way and transport damage, the Sala-Thai could only be inaugurated on May 22, 1914 - without the king, who died in 1910. In order to comply with Lenné's guidelines for the park design, at the request of Emperor Wilhelm, the Sala was not built at the source, but at its current position in the northwestern part of the spa park near Paul-Ehrlich-Weg. Already at this time the sala was nicknamed "Siamese Temple". King Bhumipol had the small building, which had become unsightly in the post-war period, restored.
In 2007, the Sala-Thai II was built in the salt marshes southeast of the Kaiser-Wilhelms-Bad . A present from the Thai government to mark the 100th anniversary of Chulalongkorn's visit. The inauguration was on September 20, 2007.
Fountain in the spa gardens
|Elisabethenbrunnen||Listed fountain in the form of a round temple and marble sculpture of the Greek goddess Hygieia from 1918 by the sculptor Hans Dammann .|
|Kaiserbrunnen||This spring, already known to the Romans, was re-drilled in 1841/42. Several new versions, most recently in 1977.|
|Kaiserin-Auguste-Viktoria-Brunnen||The architect Heinrich Jacobi designed a round monopteros in 1910 , consisting of eight columns on which a scaly copper roof rests. The work, which is reminiscent of an ancient temple, in particular the Lysikratesmonument , is a listed building.|
|Landgrave Fountain||Today's fountain architecture was created in 1908 by the sculptor Anton Lussmann in the Art Nouveau style. The relief bust of Landgrave Friedrich II is the work of Ortud Krüger-Stohlmann . The fountain is a listed building.|
|Louisenbrunnen||The spring, formerly known as the “sulfur spring”, was very popular with cardiovascular diseases from 1856/57. The inconspicuously small fountain is named after Louise , the wife of Landgrave Gustav . In the picture he can be found on the left edge next to the Landgrave Fountain.|
|Ludwigsbrunnen||In 1809, two playing children rediscovered the healing spring, which was already known to the Romans. Landgrave Friedrich V. Ludwig arranged for the edging and the fountain was named after him. The fountain is a listed building.|
|Samaritan Well||The fountain from 1915 is a listed building.|
|Brine fountain||The brine spring was first made in 1851, it was renewed in 1962. The water with a total of 12,000 mg sodium chloride per liter comes from a depth of 300 meters.|
|Steel well||The steel well was the first well that the casino company had drilled in the autumn of 1841. The first iron socket was eaten away after five years due to the high iron content of the water and was replaced by a cast iron well. This also only lasted ten years, just like the following copper solution. The fountain was made of wood from 1869 to 1966 before it got its current shape.|
- The female article, that is, the sala, is actually incorrect; Sala is masculine in Thai .
- Jubilee 100 in FAZ on August 13, 2013, page 44
- Anke Hillebrecht: The poor player; in: Taunuszeitung from July 12, 2014, p. 13
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original from August 28, 2005 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Chulalongkorn Sala; Planungsbüro Kellner Kraus Stark GmbH ( Memento from May 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- State Office for the Preservation of Monuments Hesse (ed.): Elisabethenbrunnen In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hesse
- State Office for the Preservation of Monuments Hesse (ed.): Kaiser-Brunnen In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hesse
- State Office for the Preservation of Monuments Hesse (ed.): Empress Auguste Viktoria-Brunnen In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hesse
- State Office for the Preservation of Monuments Hesse (Ed.): Landgrafenbrunnen In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hesse
- State Office for the Preservation of Monuments Hesse (ed.): Ludwigsbrunnen In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hesse
- State Office for the Preservation of Monuments Hesse (ed.): Samariterbrunnen In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hesse
- Brine fountain like new; in: Frankfurter Rundschau from February 19, 2013, online
- Gertha Walsh: An effective water for anemia; in: Taunuszeitung from July 27, 2012. p. 19