District of Eichenbrück

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Administrative districts and counties in the Reichsgau Wartheland

Eichenbrück district was the name of a German administrative unit in occupied Poland (1939-45) during World War II .

Prehistory (1815 to 1918)

The area around the western Polish city of Wągrowiec was part of the Prussian province of Posen as the Wongrowitz district from 1815 to 1918 . In the course of the Wielkopolska Uprising , Wągrowiec came under Polish control on December 30, 1918 and was officially ceded to the newly founded Poland on June 28, 1919 with the signing of the Versailles Treaty .

Administrative history

During the attack on Poland at the beginning of the Second World War , German troops occupied the western Polish powiat Wągrowiec , the district town of Wągrowiec was taken on September 6, 1939.

On October 26, 1939, the powiat was annexed to the German Reich in violation of international law under the name of Wongrowitz district . The district became part of the administrative district Hohensalza in the Reichsgau Wartheland .

The seat of the German district office was the district town of Wongrowitz .

The name of the district was subsequently changed several times (on April 20, 1941 in the district of Eichenbrück , on May 21, 1941 again in the district of Wongrowitz, on July 24, 1942 as an interim solution in the district of Eichenbrück (Wongrowitz) and finally on October 7, 1942 again in the district of Eichenbrück ).

The German occupation ended with the invasion of the Red Army in January 1945.


Land Commissioner

1939 -9999: Heinz Müller-Hoppenworth (1907–1942)

District administrators

1939–1941: Heinz Müller-Hoppenworth (1907–1942)
1941-1942: Pierzynski
1942–1945: Paul-Friedrich Nebelung (1900–1990)

Municipal structure

The 129 localities in the district were initially grouped into 6 administrative districts. On January 1, 1942, was District Wongrowitz City to the city after the German Municipal Code appointed by the 1935th Towards the end of the occupation, the district consisted of 1 city and 5 administrative districts .


The district of Eichenbrück had an area of ​​1037 km².


In 1941 the district of Eichenbrück had 56,403 inhabitants, mostly Polish. The German occupation authorities drove almost 4,000 Poles from the area between December 1, 1939 and December 31, 1943.

A small German minority lived in the area, and Germans were also settled during the occupation. Towards the end of the occupation, most of them left the area.

The Jewish population was deported to the General Government and murdered there.

Place names

The local occupation authorities immediately gave all localities in the district with German names, although officially, according to an unpublished decree of the Interior Minister of December 29, 1939, the German names valid in 1918 should initially continue to apply. On May 18, 1943, German names were set for all places with a post or train station in Wartheland , although there were again deviations.

List of cities and administrative districts in the Dietfurt district:

Polish name German name (1918) German name (1939-1945)
Damasławek Damaslav Elsenau
Gołańcz Gollantsch Schwertburg
Mieścisko Markstädt Markstädt
Skoki Chocolate Chocolate
Wągrowiec Wongrowitz 1939–1941 Wongrowitz
1941 Eichenbrück
1941–1942 Wongrowitz
1942–1945 Eichenbrück

Web links