Prehistory (1815 to 1918)
The area around the western Polish city of Mogilno belonged to the Prussian province of Posen from 1815 to 1918 as the Mogilno district . In the course of the Wielkopolska Uprising , the district town of Mogilno came under Polish control on December 31, 1918 and was officially ceded to the newly founded Poland on June 28, 1919 with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles .
On October 26, 1939, the powiat was annexed to the German Reich under the name of Mogilno District , which, as a unilateral act of violence, was ineffective under international law. The district became part of the administrative district Hohensalza in the Reichsgau Wartheland .
The German occupation ended with the invasion of the Red Army in January 1945.
- 1939 : Erich Daniel
- 1939–1942: Erich Daniel
- 1942–1943: Wilhelm Rosenthal ( substitute )
- 1943–1945: Eberhard Doege
The 130 localities in the district were initially grouped into eleven administrative districts . On January 1, 1942, the district of Mogilno-Stadt was named a city according to the German municipal code of 1935, as was the districts of Strelno-Stadt and Tremessen-Stadt on April 1, 1943 . On January 1, 1942, some districts were merged. Towards the end of the occupation, the district consisted of three cities and six administrative districts.
In 1941 the Mogilno district had: 69,601 mostly Polish inhabitants. Between December 1, 1939 and December 31, 1943, the German occupation authorities expelled over 4,100 Poles from the area.
A small German minority lived in the area, and Germans were also settled during the occupation. Towards the end of the occupation, most of them left the area.
The Jewish population was deported to the General Government and murdered there.
The local occupation authorities immediately gave all localities in the district with German names, although officially, according to an unpublished decree of the Interior Minister of December 29, 1939, the German names valid in 1918 should initially continue to apply. On May 18, 1943, German names were set for all places with a post or train station in Wartheland , although there were again deviations.
List of towns and districts in the Mogilno district:
|Polish name||German name (1918)||German name (1939-1945)|
- Gustav Neumann : Geography of the Prussian State . 2nd edition, Volume 2, Berlin 1874, p. 162, item 7
- Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population. Edited and compiled from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Part IV: The Province of Posen , Berlin 1874, pp. 202-213 ( e-copy, pp. 209-220 ).
- Leopold von Zedlitz-Neukirch : The Prussian state in all its relations . Volume 3, Berlin 1837, p. 173, point 6
- M. Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. (online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006)