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Gołańcz Coat of Arms
Gołańcz (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Greater Poland
Powiat : Wągrowiec
Area : 12.63  km²
Geographic location : 52 ° 57 ′  N , 17 ° 18 ′  E Coordinates: 52 ° 56 ′ 30 ″  N , 17 ° 18 ′ 0 ″  E
Height : 95 m npm
Residents : 3310
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Postal code : 62-130
Telephone code : (+48) 67
License plate : PWA
Economy and Transport
Street : Ext. 194 Gołańcz– Wyrzysk
Ext. 193 Gołańcz− Chodzież
Rail route : Gołańcz – Poznan
Next international airport : Bydgoszcz
Gminatype: Urban and rural municipality
Gmina structure: 23 school authorities
Surface: 192.13 km²
Residents: 8327
(June 30, 2019)
Population density : 43 inhabitants / km²
Community number  ( GUS ): 3028033
Administration (as of 2014)
Mayor : Mieczysław Durski
Address: dr P. Kowalika ul. 2
62-130 Gołańcz
Website : www.golancz.pl

Gołańcz (German Gollantsch , formerly Gollanz ) is a town in the powiat Wągrowiecki . the Polish Greater Poland Voivodeship .


Gollantsch north of the city of Poznan and south-west of the city of Bromberg on a map of the province of Poznan from 1905 (areas marked in yellow indicate areas with a predominantly Polish- speaking population at the time ).

The first written mention of the place as Golanch comes from the year 1222. In 1399 the place had the town charter .

In 1656, during the Second Northern War , fighting broke out between the Swedish conquerors and the defenders of the castle, who resisted stubbornly. When the lock finally fell, 425 occupants were killed.

In the course of the first partition of Poland-Lithuania , the city became part of Prussia , where it was assigned to the Wongrowitz district . After 1806, the district temporarily belonged to the Duchy of Warsaw . Through the Congress of Vienna Gollantsch came back to Prussia, where from 1818 it belonged to the district of Wongrowitz in the administrative district of Bromberg in the province of Posen .

At the end of the First World War , Gołańcz was involved in the Poznan Uprising in 1918/1919 and, after the end of the uprising, came under the Treaty of Versailles to the newly formed Second Polish Republic .

In September 1939 the city was occupied by the Wehrmacht . On October 26, 1939 she was given the German name Gollantsch again and later the new name Schwertburg . It now belonged, contrary to international law, to the district of Wongrowitz in the administrative district of Hohensalza in the Reichsgau Wartheland .

The occupation by the Germans ended at the end of the Second World War with the invasion of the Red Army on January 22, 1945. The city again became part of Poland and was renamed Gołańcz.

Population numbers

  • 1783: 0639, including 362 Catholics, 124 Evangelicals and 153 Jews
  • 1788: 0597, including 149 Jews
  • 1816: 0592, including 320 Catholics, 151 Evangelicals and 121 Jews
  • 1843: 1.143
  • 1858: 1,351
  • 1861: 1,495
  • 1885: 1.138

Culture and sights


Remains of the palace complex

One of the sights is the ruin of the castle. Probably the first fortification was built in the 14th century. The first owner of the castle known by name is Jakub Kusz , who was mentioned in 1383.

local community

Gmina Gołańcz consists of the following smaller villages:

Surname German name
German name
Bogdanowo Vorwerk Bogdanowo Brick yard
Brdowo Brdowo Niederweiden
Buszewo Gruenheim Gruenheim
Chawłodno Chavlodno Cold water
Chojna Choyna Spruce forest
Czerlin Czerlin
1911-1919 Scherlin
Czeszewo Czeschewo Schafkirch
Czesławice Czeslawitz
1908-1919 Körnersfelde
Gołańcz Gollantsch 1939–1942 Gollantsch
1942–1945 Schwertburg
Grabowo Grabowo 1939–1943 Graben
1943–1945 Grabendorf
Gręziny Grenschin Winkelhof
Jeziorki Jeziorki Kleinsee
Konary Konary Baumgart
Krzyżanki Krzyzanki Baltic Cross
Kujawki Kujawki
1914-1919 Schwarzacker
Laskownica Mała Little Laskownica Klein Haslicht
Laskownica Wielka Groß Laskownica
1908–1919 Haslicht
Lęgniszewo Idasheim Idasheim
Morakówko Good Morakowo Good Morkau
Morakowo Morakowo
1909-1919 Morkau
Oleszno Giant castle Giant castle
Panigródz Old Panigrodz Alt Frauengarten
Potulin Potulin Streudorf
Rybowo Rybowo Fish village
Smogulec Smogul network Bassenheide
Tomczyce Tomschütz Tomschütz

Economy and Infrastructure


The nearest international airport is the Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport Bydgoszcz which is about 50 kilometers to the east. The Lawica airport is located about 65 kilometers southwest of Gołańcz.

The city has a station on the railway line from Poznan (another stop in Laskownica Mała), the continuation of which to Bydgoszcz, with another station in Panigródz, has been closed. The Gołańcz – Chodzież railway line (another stop in Grabowo) has also been closed.

Voivodship road 241, which can be reached via voivodeship road 194, runs about five kilometers south of Gołańcz. The 194 joins state road 10 ( droga krajowa 10 ) about 25 kilometers north . The 241 leads in a westerly direction after about ten kilometers to Wągrowiec. The provincial road 193, which runs in a north-westerly direction, runs through Margonin and finally joins the state road 11 ( droga krajowa 11 ) in Chodzież begins in the city .


sons and daughters of the town


Web links

Commons : Gołańcz  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  2. zamkipolskie.com, Gołańcz - Ruina Zamku Szlacheckiego , accessed on February 25, 2008
  3. a b c d e f Wuttke (1864), p. 319.
  4. ^ Territorial.de District of Schwertburg (Wartheland) , accessed on February 25, 2008
  5. Goldbeck (1789), Part I, pp. 103-114, No. 12.
  6. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. pos_wongrowitz.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  7. zamkipolskie.com, Gołańcz - Ruina Zamku Szlacheckiego , accessed on February 25, 2008