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Unfortunately it is limited in the north by the Main

Unfortunately, it is a district of the independent city of Aschaffenburg . It has 3,428 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) and belongs to the administrative district of Lower Franconia in the Free State of Bavaria in the Federal Republic of Germany . The zip code is 63741.


The district of Leider is on the left side of the Main in the historic Bachgau region . Unfortunately, Stockstadt am Main borders the Aschaffenburg district in the west and Darmstädter Straße and thus the district of Nilkheim in the south .


Unfortunately, Nilkheim, Stockstadt and the infirmary on a map from 1594
Document part with Leider's first mention of 1151
The Kapellsche in the Leiderer Stadtweg

Unfortunately, it was first mentioned in a document in 1151. After consultation in Theres Monastery on July 8, 1151, Bishop Eberhard II of Bamberg enfeoffed the brothers Burgrave Popo of Würzburg and Count Berthold of Henneburg with Leider (Lyderen), Niedernberg and Hausen ( Hausen behind the sun, desert near Mömlingen ). The document on this legal transaction was only issued after February 15, 1152.

Unfortunately, probably even older; During excavation work for a grave in the forest cemetery, a 4,000 year old bell jar and human skeletal parts were found in 1970. A ridge ax was found from the Bronze Age (around 1800–1550 BC). A copper coin with the image of Emperor Constantine I Chlorus (305 AD) has survived from Roman times .

The oldest parts of the building are preserved in today's Protestant St. Luke Church , which was built at the beginning of the 14th century as the St. Laurentius Chapel and was a branch of the Aschaffenburg Parish of Our Lady. The so-called infirmary , the town's medieval plague house , dates from the 15th century . The citizens of Aschaffenburg banished leprosy and plague sufferers across the Main, to the edge of the former farming village of Leider. This “special hospital in the unfortunately field” (Leprosorum) was first mentioned in 1471. In the record book of the St. Peter and Alexander Abbey in Aschaffenburg , a chapel belonging to the special hospital is listed on June 4, 1574. It still stands today at the corner of Leiderer Stadtweg and Kapellenstraße. A wayside shrine from the 15th century on the old route to Aschaffenburg has now been placed in front of the entrance to the Leiderer Friedhof.

In 1766 the municipality of "Leydern" consisted of a closed citizenship of 23 citizens, of whom "each of these burgers had to keep 2 migrating cattle and a wagon for a piece of wine to the electoral residence = castle, [...] that [...] these people." all possible wine transports necessary to the Elector's Castle must be ready day and night, because of this, castle junkers are also called and not drawn into any military service ".

Belonging to Cent Bachgau since the 15th century , Unfortunately, at the end of the Electorate of Mainz, it became part of the Schweinheim District Bailiwick, which had its seat in Aschaffenburg. At the time of the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt, Leider was in the area of ​​the Schweinheim district fair in the Aschaffenburg department and in 1812 had a population of 358 people (souls) with 64 fireplaces. Maire was Philipp Morhard; Adjunct Andreas Wenzel. The school teacher's name was Johann Schneider.

As a result of the Paris Treaty of June 3, 1814, Leider came to the Kingdom of Bavaria on June 26, 1814 with the Districtsmairie Schweinheim and by order of October 1, 1814, it was assigned to the administrative area of ​​the Aschaffenburg second class district court. Due to the municipal edict of May 17, 1818, the regional court rural municipality unfortunately came into being. On July 1, 1862, the Aschaffenburg District Court became the Aschaffenburg District Office.

Incorporation to Aschaffenburg

On March 1, 1901, Leider was incorporated into Aschaffenburg.

In 1907, a municipal power station was built in Leider, which generated electricity using motor power. Thus, from October 8, 1907, the electric street lighting could be tested in Unfortunately, while the streets of the city center were still lit with gas lamps. However, electricity for the city was already generated shortly after the First World War from hydropower at the Mainaschaff barrage and from lignite at the Gustav colliery near Kahl am Main.

In 1913, the Main canalization began above the Offenbach barrage. This project included the construction of the Mainaschaff barrage and the construction of the state port. The work was carried out with the use of mostly Russian prisoners of war. The port was completed in 1921 and its sewage treatment plant was put into operation in 1922.



The Aschaffenburg school center with vocational school , the Friedrich-Dessauer Gymnasium (formerly “Oberrealschule for boys”) and the state secondary school Ruth-Weiß-Realschule are located in unfortunately . There is a primary school in the district (Erthalschule, built in 1958). The old four-class school building was converted into a community center.


The old bakery , which no longer exists between the Lukaskirche and the old school building, was demolished after the war. The police station of the Aschaffenburg City Police was established there until it was dissolved and taken over by the Bavarian Police on January 1, 1970.

Cemeteries / crematorium

The cemetery for the district is on Seidelstrasse

In 1948 the city of Aschaffenburg decided to set up the forest cemetery in the Leider district. This had become necessary due to the overcrowding of the inner-city cemeteries. The cemetery is on the outskirts of the district, on the border with Stockstadt . The first cremation took place on February 26, 1975 in the Aschaffenburg crematorium, right by the forest cemetery.

sport and freetime

Unfortunately, some of the numerous sports facilities in the city of Aschaffenburg are also located:

as well as soccer fields and tennis courts of many Aschaffenburg sports clubs. Every year in June, the so-called Aschaffenburg Volksfest takes place on the former parade ground on the Main (now “Volksfestplatz”) , a hype with rides and a beer tent that is also known in the wider area. Huge open-air events with Elton John , Whitney Houston , Luciano Pavarotti and Eros Ramazzotti also had their place here.


Commemorative plaque for pastor Krane
Laurentiuskirche in Aschaffenburg-Leider

The district of Leider has a Catholic parish and St. Laurentius Church . The old Catholic church became the Evangelical Church of St. Luke after the construction of St. Laurentius in 1955 .

In 1923 the St. Laurentius Church was rebuilt by the first pastor Friedrich Bruno Krane (1880–1944) together with the Frankfurt architects Hans Rummel (1872–1952) and Christoph Rummel. The basics of the planning, a massive tower, the large tiled roof and the vestibule resting on pillars could be implemented in the crisis years of the republic from 1921–1923. It was planned to later expand the simplified spire into an octagonal dome. The spire remained and the temporary facility became a symbol of Leider .

The Leiderer Kirchweihfest, also known in the region as the Leiderer Kerb for short , has a long tradition. The Laurentiuskrug made of tin and holding two liters of wine , donated in 1812 by Karl Philipp Scheidel, an innkeeper from Frankfurt am Main, bears witness to the annual festivities on the name day of St. Lawrence of Rome on August 10th. The tradition was interrupted by the world wars and is still celebrated on four days today.


Harbor in Unfortunately

With the completion of the state port in 1921, the city of Aschaffenburg also experienced an economic boom. Diverse industries have settled in the port area. It extends in the square of the streets Limesstrasse, Stockstädter Weg, Darmstädterstrasse, Hafenrandstrasse and Werftstrasse. In the course of the Main canalisation (Mainaschaff barrage), which was also completed in 1921 as far as Aschaffenburg, the Main, which had previously repeatedly flooded the adjacent properties, was provided with a flood dam on its left bank. The Mainwiesen were backfilled by means of thousands of dump truck loads (hence the name Kipp, which is commonly used by the long-established unfortunatelyers for this area ). The construction of the embankment in front of unfortunately could only be completed in the 1930s with the help of the labor service .

In 1996 the 75th anniversary of the state port was celebrated. Around 2.7 million tons of goods are handled there every year (as of 2004), mainly coal, cellulose and containers. There are around 65 companies in the logistics, transport, recycling and production sectors in the Nahe port; they employ around 2000 people.

Known people from Leider

  • Greser & Lenz , cartoonists, live and work in Leider
  • Günther Grabatin (* 1950), President of the Giessen-Friedberg University of Applied Sciences.
  • Karsten Klein (1977), politician (FDP), since 2008 member of the state parliament for the district of Aschaffenburg-West, city council.
  • Karl Köhler (1912–1998), holder of the Federal Cross of Merit and the letter of honor from the city of Aschaffenburg (awarded in 1966). 1953 to 1979 1st chairman of the TUS 1893 Aschaffenburg-Leider, under his leadership the sports center on Darmstädter Strasse was built in 1954 and the gymnasium on Augasse in 1955. During this time, Lower Franconian, Bavarian and South German champions in athletics and gymnastics festival winners in pentathlon and the 1st gymnastics festival winner at the German Gymnastics Festival in Essen (1963) in wheel gymnastics were at home in the club.
  • Holger Paetz (* 1952), cabaret artist
  • Rudolph von Roman , District President of Upper Franconia
  • Oskar Roßmann (1896–1974), recipient of the letter of honor from the city of Aschaffenburg (awarded 1971). From 1924 to 1937 he was the first chairman of the gymnastics club Leider and from August 28, 1937, after merging with the sports club unfortunately, which was founded in 1911, to become the "Turn- und Sportverein 1893 e. V. Aschaffenburg-Leider “until 1945; in 1949 he became honorary chairman. He was also chairman of the council of elders and honorary councils at SV Viktoria 01.
  • Gunter Ullrich (1925–2018), painter and graphic artist


  • "Leiderer Schissmelle" is the nickname for the residents of the Aschaffenburg community and the surrounding residents. The origin probably stems from the increased settlement of the so-called white goose foot in the vernacular on the area of ​​the Main meadows and the edges of the Leiderer arable land.
  • According to the journalist Ludwig Braunfels (1810–1885), the Sadmen boasted that in 1272 they had saved the Archbishop of Mainz and Elector Gerhard II von Eppstein from the attack of raging wolves.
  • A street in the unfortunately port area named in honor of Fritz Thyssen in 1922 was renamed Hafenrandstrasse in the 1940s; the nearby bridge of the same name is still called that today.


  • Aschaffenburg studies. II. Documentations, Volume 10 - Living in Leider - Portrait of a district. , edited by Wilhelm Kaup, Wolfgang Kaup, Klaus Hapke, publisher: Stadt Aschaffenburg, 1995, ISBN 978-3-922355-15-1

Web links

Commons : Unfortunately  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Bavarian State Archives Bamberg, Bamberg Documents No. 256
  2. ^ Finds kept in: Aschaffenburg City Museums - Stiftsmuseum - Archeology
  3. According to data from the Gesellschaft für Leprakunde (Society for Leprosy), the special hospital had existed since the 13th century; it was destroyed in 1552 and fell into disrepair from 1602, see details on the leprosories in Bavaria of the Society for Leprosy ( Memento of the original from February 6, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , under Aschaffenburg @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.muenster.org
  4. Stiftsarchiv Aschaffenburg No. 6732, hay and fruit: Extractus Protocolli der Cent Bachgau Actum Leyder post prandium d 19th Febr. 1766, Praes: Hn Obervogt Franz et me Centschrbr Kurz.
  5. Johann Wilhelm Christian Steiner Antiquities and history of the Bachgau in old Maingau Wailandt'sche Schriften Aschaffenburg 1821 online in the Google book search
  6. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 600 .
  7. Die Stadtentwässerung in Deutschland, Jena 1934, p. 29; Life in Leider - illustrated book, city and monastery archives.
  8. http://leiderer-kerb.de/historie.html
  9. Ludwig Braunfels, Fritz Bamberger: The banks of the Main and their immediate surroundings: together with a current map from the Main , Etlinger publishing house, 1847, page 344

Coordinates: 49 ° 59 '  N , 9 ° 7'  E