Moravian Gate

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North side of the Moravian Gate, looking towards Odry from the castle Stary Jicin from

The Moravian Gate ( Moravská brána in Czech , Brama morawska in Polish ) is a valley watershed between the catchment areas of the Oder and the March ( Danube ) in Moravia ( Czech Republic ) and is therefore part of the great European watershed .

It lies between the Niederes Gesenke ( Oder Mountains and Kuhländchen ) mountain ranges in the north-west, the Hostein Mountains in the south, and the Moravian-Silesian Beskids ( Moravian Wallachia ) in the south-east, north of the town of Hranice na Moravě ( Moravian White Churches ) at an altitude of about 310  m nm Its apex is on the Kuče hill between the villages of Olšovec ( Ollspitz ) and Bělotín ( Bölten ). The Ludina, which flows past in the west, belongs to the catchment area of ​​the March, while the Doubrava in the east feeds its water via the Luha to the Oder.

This is where the main traffic connections between ( Prague , Vienna , Brno ) Přerov and Ostrava ( Warsaw ) run: the railway line of the Czech main corridor II and the European route 462 on the D1 motorway . The apex position of the planned Danube-Oder Canal should also run here.


The Moravian Gate has been an eye of a needle since at least the Bronze Age , through which various important ancient trade routes that branched north and south ran from here, such as the so-called Amber Road .

In the 10th century the trade route from Prague to Krakow, which the Chronica Boemorum mentions and which Czech history calls Trstenická stezka , went to the Trstenice river in the East Bohemian border region (German name: "Strenitzer Steig").

The city name Hranice means border (s) in the Czech Republic and is reminiscent of the Slavic tribal era when it separated the Moravians from the Golensizen . At that time the area of ​​the gate was quite swampy and difficult to pass through in the wet seasons. An alternative was the Jablunka Pass . As a result, the Moravian Empire under Svatopluk I attacked the Upper Silesian tribes and Wislanes and possibly also expanded. During the period of colonization under German law, the Kuhländchen landscape was created , which until the 20th century made up the south-easternmost Sudeten German peninsula and separated the Lachish language from the rest of Moravia with the Sudetes and West Beskids .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Arnold Spekke: The Ancient Amber Routes and the Geographical Discovery of the Eastern Baltic. Stockholm 1957; Reprint: Chicago 1976.
  2. ^ Trade routes in the Czech Republic in the 10th century
  3. Piotr Bogoń: Na przedpolu Bramy Morawskiej - obecność wpływów południowych na Górnym Śląsku i zachodnich krańcach Małopolski we wczesnym średniowieczu , Katowice, 2012, p. 41

Coordinates: 49 ° 35 ′ 9.4 ″  N , 17 ° 45 ′ 19 ″  E