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Before Christmas hat sales in Mecklenburg

A hat is a soft head covering made of fabric, wool, leather or fur. It is worn to protect against cold, wind and weather or for fashion, religious, social or professional reasons. A hat does not have a circumferential brim. The hat can take certain shapes, e.g. B. run towards the tip or tightly enclose the head. In addition, it can also be provided with a screen, neck protection and / or earmuffs. The hairstyle is partially or completely covered by wearing a hat.

Word origin and regional synonyms

The Arabic al mustaķah comes from the Middle Persian ( Pahlavi ) mustak and denotes a fur coat with long sleeves, preceded by the Arabic article name al . This gave rise to the Middle Latin word almutia , which meant the monks' hooded cloak . In Middle High German , the term almuz narrowed more and more to the hood and was finally shortened to hat . In the 15th and 16th centuries in Austria , mutz , muzen or mizli were the names for a range of soft, tight-fitting headgear or very short items of clothing that covered the head and shoulders.

The cap was originally also a coat, the capa or cappa , which was often provided with a hood, especially in Spain. As early as 1400, the name was also transferred to the hood. Except as a term for certain parts of the liturgical clothing or of official costumes, the term cap for a cloak has disappeared today.

In southern Germany and Austria, in addition to the communal German bonnet , "headgear made of wool or other soft materials that fit closely to the head" is referred to as a bonnet or, in a humiliating way, as a hat . In western Austria this headgear is also called a cap , in Switzerland as well, there in addition to a hat .



Rag cap

Profession and activity

Russian surgeons




See also

Web links

Commons : Hats  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Alfred Götze (Ed.): Trübners German Dictionary , Vol. 4 (1943), p. 721; Friedrich Kluge : Etymological dictionary of the German language . 21. unchang. Ed. - Berlin, New York, De Gruyter, 1975, p. 497.
  2. ^ A b Ingrid Loschek : Reclams Mode and Costume Lexicon , article "Mütze", 5th, exp Ed., Reclam, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-15-010577-3 .
  3. Ulrich Ammon, Rhea Kyvelos, Regula Nyffenegger (Ed.): German dictionary of variants: The standard language in Austria, Switzerland and Germany as well as in Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, East Belgium and South Tyrol , Walter de Gruyter, 2004, ISBN 3-11-016574- 0 , p. 334, "Hood" ( limited preview in Google Book search)
  4. see: International Police Cap Collection