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Mangifera sylvatica, illustration

Mangifera sylvatica , illustration

Eurosiden II
Order : Sapindales (Sapindales)
Family : Sumac family (Anacardiaceae)
Subfamily : Anacardioideae
Genre : Mangoes
Scientific name
Mango inflorescence ( Mangifera indica )

The mangoes ( Mangifera ) are a genus of plants from the sumac family (Anacardiaceae).


They probably originate from the Indonesian island of Borneo , from where they spread over large areas of Asia, including India , Burma , Sri Lanka , Thailand , southern China , Malaysia , Indonesia , Papua New Guinea and the Philippines , as well as on some Pacific islands to have. They are also found in Australia . Some species are also found in Central America through human planting . They thrive mainly in the tropical lowland rainforest . The most economically important species is the mango from Pakistan and India ( Mangifera indica ). Very little is currently known about many of the other species, but they must be considered endangered due to the ongoing destruction of forests through clearing .


Mangifera species are trees . The leaves are simple. Many flowers are grouped together in terminal paniculate inflorescences . The small flowers have a double perianth . The sepals fall off early. There are at least four petals available. There are as many stamens as there are petals, but only one is fertile . Large stone fruits are formed.


The genus was first named by Carl von Linné in 1753 . There are around 40 to 69 types of mango, the most commonly cultivated species is the mango ( Mangifera indica ). Sometimes a distinction is made between two subgenera Mangifera and Limus .

The following types belong here (selection):

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h i j Mangifera in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), USDA , ARS , National Genetic Resources Program. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved June 7, 2017.

Web links

Commons : Mangos ( Mangifera )  - Collection of images, videos and audio files