Marek Michał Grechuta (born December 10, 1945 in Zamość , † October 9, 2006 in Kraków ) was a Polish singer , poet , composer and painter and studied architect. He was particularly interested in sculpture and philosophy. Along with Czesław Niemen, he is the most important exponent of sung poetry , a genre that is very similar to chanson under the influence of rock, jazz-rock and progressive rock .
Marek Grechuta learned to play the piano as a child and graduated from high school in Zamość, his hometown. In 1963 he studied architecture at the Cracow University of Technology . At the Kraków Faculty of Architecture he met Jan Kanty Pawluśkiewicz , with whom he founded the cabaret Anawa (from French en avant , forward). The cabaret later became part of the Grechutas accompanying band of the same name.
Grechuta had his first public appearance in October 1967 at the popular student festival of songs in Krakow, where he won 2nd place with his song Tango Anawa . In 1968 he won the VI. National Festival of Polish Songs (KFPP) in Opole the hearts of journalists for his song and one year later after the VII. KFPP with his new song Wesele (wedding) one of the most important awards (Nagroda TVP). With the band Anawa he recorded two of his first records: Marek Grechuta & Anawa (1970) and Korowód (1971). At the IX. KFPP 1971 in Opole Grechuta then received his main prize with his song Korowód ( Parade ). Together with the band Anawa and especially the title , which Kurt Demmler translated into German, Important are days that are unknown , he also became known in the GDR and toured the country there.
1972 Grechuta left the band Anawa and founded a new one called WIEM ("I know" or short for W Innej Epoce Muzycznej ). With this band he produced two albums: Droga za widnokres (1972) and Magia obłoków (1974). These records were full of elements from jazz, rock and texts by contemporary poets such as Tadeusz Nowak , Tadeusz Śliwiak and Mieczysław Jastrun .
In 1976 he started a ten-year collaboration with the Krakow cabaret cellar Piwnica pod Baranami and began setting many texts by Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz to music . At the XI. KFPP Opole won the Grand Prix with his song Hop - szklankę piwa , at which Krystyna Janda also performed the song Guma do żucia composed by him . Grechuta also co-wrote the musical Szalona lokomotywa (Crazy Locomotive), for which Witkiewicz wrote the libretto, with Krzysztof Jasiński and Jan Kanty Pawluśkiewicz . The musical ran 1977-1980 on Krakowski Teatr Scena STU and Spodek of Katowice .
In 1979 Grechuta recorded a record with newly composed songs to poems by Tadeusz Nowak, in which he sang about Teresa Iwaniszewska-Haremza, Magda Umer and Marian Opania . These works, originally from the play Zapach łamanego chleba (The Smell of Broken Bread), were loved by the audience. In 1981 his album Śpiewające obrazy (Singing Pictures) was released, which he recorded again with the band Anawa, inspired by paintings by famous artists such as van Gogh , Picasso , Edgar Degas , Claude Monet , Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Stanisław Wyspiański, as well as from the play Othello .
In 1984 Marek Grechuta and Krystyna Janda recorded a record based on poems by Bolesław Leśmian (1877–1937). Then two years later came the album Wiosna - ach to ty (spring, oh that's you) with its own lyrics . Filled with light music, the album also contained fragments of the music for the plays Colas Breugonon , Tumor Witkacego and Kroniki Olsztyńskiej . In 1987 he wrote the music for the theater performances of Jan Brzechwas Kopciuszek (Cinderella). In 1989 he released the LP Krajobraz pełen nadziei (Landscape Full of Hope). In 1990 his Złote Przeboje live concert took place at the Krakowski Teatr Scena STU . In 1991 he brought out children's songs together with the actors of the Old Theater Kraków and the Gama Children 's Choir .
In 1994 Grechuta released his album Dziesięć ważnych słów (Ten Important Words), which he dedicates to the most important basic values in life. He alludes to the Decalogue and names ten commandments of modern man. In 2003 the rock band Myslovitz released the best of CD , which contains the hit Kraków with Marek Grechuta.
Grechuta's last album Niezwykłe miejsca (Unusual Places) was released in 2004. He dedicated it to places that particularly fascinated him in life. Shortly before his death in 2006, Grechuta was once again awarded the Grand Prix by the President of the TVP at the KFPP Opole.
Marek was married to his wife Danuta Grechuta from 1967 and was father of a son. He died at the age of 60 on October 9, 2006 in Krakow. Thousands said goodbye on October 17, 2006 at his funeral on Aleja Zasłużonych (Avenue of the Deserved) of the Rakowicki Cemetery .
There are now some artists who have taken up and interpreted Grechuta's musical legacy in different ways. Karol Namysłowski recorded a symphony with the Zamość Philharmonic Orchestra with a medley of Grechuta's best-known titles in the classical style.
The following artists dedicated their own music album to Marek Grechuta:
2001 - Wojciech Majewski Quintet Grechuta / 2006 - Grzegorz Turnau Historia pewnej podróży / 2009 - Michał Bajor Piosenki Marka Grechuty i Jonasza Kofty / 2010 - Group Dzień dobry Dzień dobry Panie Marku / 2011 - Band. Panie Marku ) Project Grechuta / 2012 - Chamber Choir Fermata Grechuta niejednym głosem
- 1970: Marek Grechuta & Anawa , Polskie Nagrania, CD Pomation EMI, 2000
- 1971: Korowód (The Round Dance), Polskie Nagrania, CD Pomation EMI, 2000
- 1972: Droga za widnokres (The Road to Infinity), Polskie Nagrania, CD Pomation EMI, 2000
- 1974: Magia obłoków (The Magic of Clouds), Polskie Nagrania, CD Pomation EMI, 2000
- 1977: Szalona lokomotywa (The Speeding Locomotive), Polskie Nagrania, CD Pomation EMI, 2000
- 1979: Pieśni Marka Grechuty do słów Tadeusza Nowaka (songs to the poems of Tadeusz Nowak), Polskie Nagrania, CD Pomation EMI, 2001
- 1980: Wesele (The Wedding)
- 1981: Śpiewające obrazy (Singing Pictures), Polskie Nagrania, CD Pomation EMI, 2001
- 1984: W malinowym chruśniaku (Im raspberry bushes), Polskie Nagrania, CD Pomation EMI, 2001
- 1987: Wiosna - ach to ty (Spring - you're already here!), Polskie Nagrania, CD Pomation EMI, 2001
- 1989: Krajobraz pełen nadziei (Landscape full of Hope), Polskie Nagrania, CD Pomation EMI, 2001
- 1990: Ocalić od zapomnienia ( To save from oblivion)
- 1991: Piosenki dla dzieci i rodziców (songs for children and parents), MarkArt, CD Pomation EMI, 2001
- 1994: Dziesięć ważnych słów (Ten Important Words), MarkArt, CD Pomation EMI, 2000
- 2003: Niezwykłe miejsca (Unusual Places), Pomation EMI, 2003
- 1994: Upojenie
- 1997: The Best of
- 2001: Serce , Pomation EMI, 2001
- 1969: Serce
- 1977: Maryla Rodowicz i Marek Grechuta
- 2003: Kraków ( feat.Myslovitz )
- 1977: Gaj / Mały barek w Santa Cruz (with Maryla Rodowicz)
- 1978: Muza Pomyślności / Głos
- 1979: Hop Szklankę Piwa / Song O Ciszy (with Jonasz Kofta)
- 1973: To pejzaż mojej ziemi
- 1975: Zagrajcie nam dzisiaj wszystkie srebrne dzwony
- 1978: Songi Teatru STU
- 1981: Piosenki Solidarności
- 1990: Złote przeboje vol. I (Gold Hits Vol. I) , CD MarkArt
- 1990: Ocalić od zapomnienia
- 1993: Jeszcze pożyjemy
- 1997: Złote przeboje II (Gold Hits Vol. II) , CD MarkArt
- 1999: Złota kolekcja vol. I (Gold Collection Vol. I): Dni, których nie znamy , Pomation EMI 1999, PL: × 2Double platinum )
- 2001: Piwnica pod Baranami
- 2004: Złota kolekcja vol. II (Gold Collection Vol. II): Gdzieś w nas , Pomation EMI 2004
- 2005: Świecie nasz (15 CDs), EMI 2005, PL:× 3Triple platinum )
- 2005: Godzina miłowania
- 2006: Unikaty (CD for the book "Marek Grechuta. Portret artysty")
- 2011: 40 piosenek (40 songs)
Poems by Grechutas (selection)
- 1985: Będziesz się uśmiechać
- 1988: Sztandary
- 1990: Na serca dnie
- 1990: Krajobraz pełen nadziei
- HP Hofmann: Beat Lexicon. Performers, authors, technical terms. VEB Lied der Zeit Musikverlag, Berlin 1977 (pp. 62f., 104).
- Wojciech Majewski: Marek Grechuta Portret artysty. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Znak, 2006. ISBN 83-240-0755-5 . (pole.)
- Jakub Baran: Marek Danuty Grechuty opowieść o Marku Grechucie. Kraków: Widnokres, br ISBN 978-83-933988-0-5 . (pole.)
- Marta Sztokfisz: Chwile których nie znamy Opowieść o Marku Grechucie. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo WAB, 2013. ISBN 978-83-7747-950-6 . (pole.)
- Private website ( Memento from February 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Marek Grechuta on Myspace
- Discography Marek Grechutas in MusicBrainz (Engl.)
- Marek Grechuta in the filmpolski.pl database
- The single Important are days that are unknown with M. Grechuta on youtube.com
- Information about Marek Grechuta & Anawa in the portal www.ostmusik.de ( Memento from January 25, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) (with obituary for Marek Grechuta)
- Leszek Gnoiński, Jan Skaradziński: Encyklopedia Polskiego Rocka. Poznań: In Rock, 2006, pp. 227-231. ISBN 83-60157-14-6
- "Korowód for Grechuta" - Jan Bończa-Szabłowski. Rzeczpospolita November 7, 2002
- Daniel Wyszogrodzki: Świecie nasz - książeczka , EMI Music Poland, 2005
- Thousands of people say goodbye to Grechuta
- appearance u. a. in TVP Polonia: NAJ!… bliżej Ciebie! (Music broadcast with Grzegorz Turnau and his guests) on September 6, 2008
- Awards for music sales: PL
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Grechuta, Marek Michał (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Polish singer and composer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 10, 1945|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Zamość|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 9, 2006|
|Place of death||Krakow|