Marian festival

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Retable of the Columba Altar by Rogier van der Weyden

Marian feasts are feasts and days of remembrance in the church year that serve the veneration of Mary . Marian holidays are celebrated in a special way, especially in countries with a predominantly Roman Catholic population and in the Orthodox churches . There are also Marian feast days in the church year of the Anglican communion and the Lutheran churches.

In Saarland , Bavaria and Austria some Marian festivals are also public holidays .

Roman Catholic Church

Traditionally, May is the month of Mary, October is the month of the rosary.

Marian celebrations for men

The two festivals

were previously assigned to the Marian feasts because of their close relationship to Mary, but are gentlemen's feasts (feasts of the Lord Jesus Christ ).

Evangelical Lutheran and United Churches

Evangelical Lutheran churches celebrate three gentlemen's festivals with a Marian aspect, which today are mainly celebrated in the independent Evangelical Lutheran Church as a service.

These three days are also provided for in the Evangelical Church Service Book of the Union of Evangelical Churches in the EKD and the United Evangelical Lutheran Church in Germany . The following suggestions apply, local regulations are decisive:

  • Mariä Lichtmess: If it coincides with a Sunday, the respective Sunday Proprium will be replaced by the Lichtmess Proprium. The exception is the last Sunday after Epiphany. In this case, Lichtmess is postponed to a working day.
  • Annunciation of the Lord: Cannot be celebrated on a Sunday. If the day falls on Okuli, Latars or Judika, it can be celebrated the day before or on a working day of the following week. If it falls on a day between Palm Sunday and Easter Monday, it can be celebrated on a working day of the week beginning with Quasimodogeniti.
  • Visitation of the Virgin Mary: Can be moved to a Sunday and should be celebrated when it falls on a Sunday.

The Protestant hymn book also contains the festivals in the Bavarian and Thuringian regional sections

Older editions also contain the Visitation of the Virgin Mary for July 2nd.

August 15 is also associated with Mary by some Protestant churches. Since the idea of ​​a bodily acceptance of Mary into heaven is incompatible with Protestant theology, the day is simply the day of death and thus the day of Mary's remembrance, which is officially included in the saints calendars of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod as well as the Anglican churches. Before the introduction of the Evangelical Name Calendar , this date was also found in regional Evangelical calendars in German-speaking countries under names such as “Mariä Verscheiden”.

Individual evidence

  1. VELKD website with a link for free downloading of the following pdf: VELKD, EKD (editor): Liturgisches Kalendarium zum Evangelisches Gottesdienstbuch , Hannover 2006. See introduction (page 3 *) and chapter II (page 11 * f, especially footnotes 58, 59 and 62).
  2. August 15 in the Ecumenical Lexicon of Saints