水 俣 市
|Geographical location in Japan|
(October 1, 2019)
|Population density :||146 inhabitants per km²|
|Community key :||43205-9|
|Flag / coat of arms:|
Minamata City Hall
1 - 1 - 1 , Jinnai
|Location Minamatas in Kumamoto Prefecture|
Minamata ( Japanese 水 俣 市 , -shi ) is a Japanese city in Kumamoto Prefecture on Kyushu Island on the coast of the Yatsushiro Sea , which is connected to the East China Sea by a strait . There are several thermal springs in the area that are used for bathing.
The city was named Shi on April 1, 1949 .
Minamata became the term for environmental damage caused by uncontrolled dumping , the chronic waste in the Yatsushiro Sea, when exhibited in the town mid-1950s, damage to the central nervous system of humans and animals mercury poisoning by untreated sewage a chemical plant of the company Chisso be returned and later became known as Minamata disease . According to current estimates, around 10,000 people were harmed and around 3,000 died.
In Minamata, 140 states agreed on the Minamata Convention in January 2013 at a United Nations conference , which was signed on October 11, 2013 in Kumamoto , Japan . The agreement provides for the worldwide monitoring and reduction of mercury emissions, especially in ore mining (especially gold mining ), from coal-fired power plants , cement works , metal works and waste incineration , and the abolition of products containing mercury such as clinical thermometers and batteries .
Neighboring cities and communities
sons and daughters of the town
- Tokutomi Sohō (1863–1957), Japanese historian and journalist
- Tokutomi Roka (1868-1927), Japanese writer
- Tanigawa Ken'ichi (1921–2013), Japanese folklorist