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水 俣 市
Geographical location in Japan
Minamata (Japan)
Red pog.svg
Region : Kyushu
Prefecture : Kumamoto
Coordinates : 32 ° 13 '  N , 130 ° 25'  E Coordinates: 32 ° 12 '43 "  N , 130 ° 24' 31"  E
Basic data
Surface: 162.87 km²
Residents : 23,845
(October 1, 2019)
Population density : 146 inhabitants per km²
Community key : 43205-9
Flag / coat of arms:
Flag / coat of arms of Minamata
Tree : cherry
Flower : azalea
town hall
Address : Minamata City Hall
1 - 1 - 1 , Jinnai
Minamata -shi
Kumamoto  867-8555
Website URL: http://www.minamatacity.jp
Location Minamatas in Kumamoto Prefecture
Location of Minamatas in the prefecture

Minamata ( Japanese 水 俣 市 , -shi ) is a Japanese city in Kumamoto Prefecture on Kyushu Island on the coast of the Yatsushiro Sea , which is connected to the East China Sea by a strait . There are several thermal springs in the area that are used for bathing.


The city was named Shi on April 1, 1949 .

Minamata became the term for environmental damage caused by uncontrolled dumping , the chronic waste in the Yatsushiro Sea, when exhibited in the town mid-1950s, damage to the central nervous system of humans and animals mercury poisoning by untreated sewage a chemical plant of the company Chisso be returned and later became known as Minamata disease . According to current estimates, around 10,000 people were harmed and around 3,000 died.

In Minamata, 140 states agreed on the Minamata Convention in January 2013 at a United Nations conference , which was signed on October 11, 2013 in Kumamoto , Japan . The agreement provides for the worldwide monitoring and reduction of mercury emissions, especially in ore mining (especially gold mining ), from coal-fired power plants , cement works , metal works and waste incineration , and the abolition of products containing mercury such as clinical thermometers and batteries .


Neighboring cities and communities

Town twinning

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Minamata  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ UN Environment Program - Information on the Minamata Convention
  2. ^ Publications on the Minamata Convention
Minamata City Hall