Minin and Poscharsky (libretto)
Minin and Poscharski ( Russian Минин и Пожарский ) is an operatic libretto by the Soviet writer Mikhail Bulgakov from 1936. Boris Assafjew worked on the opera Minin and Poscharski based on Bulgakov's model in 1936 , but did not complete his work. The fragment was performed in 1938. Bulgakov's text was published in Russian Music in 1980 .
In the years 1934–1939 the author, as literary advisor to the Bolshoi Theater, created a total of four such librettos, of which only Rachel was completed with the music of Reinhold Glière and was performed in 1947.
In the summer of 1612, Chodkiewicz , Grand Hetman of Lithuania , was celebrated by his Lithuanians, Poles and Germans in the flagged Hetman's tent at the camp. The cunning general sends the Polish cavalry captain Konrad Zborowski out. The Pole is supposed to kill the Russian leader, the wounded Poscharsky, even before the upcoming armed conflict.
Zborowski sneaks the trust of Minin's unmarried daughter Maria and is able to reach Poscharski. When the Rittmeister pulls out the knife, he is shot by Minin.
Maria helps free her bridegroom Ilya Pachomov from the dungeon in which Hermogen was forged.
Minin, Poscharsky and Trubetskoi celebrate with their volunteers under the Spassky Gate of the Moscow Kremlin. The fatherland is saved.
In January 1996, Schröder wrote: When Bulgakov took up the issue of the Russians' war of liberation against foreigners based on the Moscow popular uprising of 1612 in 1936, he was reflecting on the danger that the German-Polish non-aggression pact had posed for the Soviet Union .
- Minin and Posharsky. From the Russian by Renate and Thomas Reschke . Re-poems by Waldemar Dege . Pp. 135–154 in: Ralf Schröder (Ed.): Bulgakow. Peter the Great. Film scenarios. Libretti. (= Vol. 12.2 Collected Works, 13 Vols.) Verlag Volk & Welt, Berlin 1996. ISBN 3-353-00953-1
- The text
- Reference in the laboratory of fantasy (Russian)
- As is well known, in the 1934 pact that preceded the German-Soviet non-aggression pact of 1939, Hitler intended Piłsudski to play the role of a helper when it came to finding new living space in the East - i.e. in the Soviet Union.
- 1818, Russia : Minin and Pozharsky monument by Ivan Martos on Moscow's Red Square .
- 1939, Soviet Union , Mosfilm : Minin and Poscharski - film by Vsevolod Pudowkin and Michail Doller with Alexander Chanow as Kusma Minin and Boris Liwanow as Prince Poscharsky.
- November 4th: People's Unity Day
- Russian ru: Чориков, Борис Артемьевич , Boris Artemjewitsch Tschorikow
- Russian Музыка России, Musyka Rossii
- Note in the Bulgakow encyclopedia bulgakov.ru (Russian, first paragraph), see also PDF file , 97 pages at imhaben.de (Russian)
- Russian ru: Рашель (либретто Булгакова) , Rachel (libretto Bulgakow )
- Russian ru: Трубецкой, Дмитрий Тимофеевич , Dmitri Timofejewitsch Trubetskoi
- Schröder in the afterword of the edition used, p. 274, 6. Zvo
- Russian ru: Ханов, Александр Александрович , Alexander Alexandrowitsch Chanow
- Russian ru: Ливанов, Борис Николаевич , Boris Nikolajewitsch Liwanow