Minin and Poscharsky (libretto)

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Grand Duke Poscharsky liberates Moscow.
Illustration by Boris Tschorikow (1802–1866)

Minin and Poscharski ( Russian Минин и Пожарский ) is an operatic libretto by the Soviet writer Mikhail Bulgakov from 1936. Boris Assafjew worked on the opera Minin and Poscharski based on Bulgakov's model in 1936 , but did not complete his work. The fragment was performed in 1938. Bulgakov's text was published in Russian Music in 1980 .

In the years 1934–1939 the author, as literary advisor to the Bolshoi Theater, created a total of four such librettos, of which only Rachel was completed with the music of Reinhold Glière and was performed in 1947.


During the turmoil between 1611 and 1612 in the Polish-Russian War :


The Russians languish in Moscow under the Polish-Lithuanian occupation. The Patriarch Hermogen , forged on the wall of his dungeon in the Moscow Kremlin , incites the Russian compatriots to revolt.


As Nizhny Novgorod Starost , the Russian merchant Kusma Minin collects money from the population for the creation of a volunteer army .


The wounded Grand Duke Poscharski is chosen as military leader. According to the people, only he can drive the Poles and Lithuanians out of the Moscow Kremlin.


In the summer of 1612, Chodkiewicz , Grand Hetman of Lithuania , was celebrated by his Lithuanians, Poles and Germans in the flagged Hetman's tent at the camp. The cunning general sends the Polish cavalry captain Konrad Zborowski out. The Pole is supposed to kill the Russian leader, the wounded Poscharsky, even before the upcoming armed conflict.


Zborowski sneaks the trust of Minin's unmarried daughter Maria and is able to reach Poscharski. When the Rittmeister pulls out the knife, he is shot by Minin.


Minin and Pozharsky form in the yard of the province governor of Kostroma their troops; rank Tatars and Mordvins .


The Don and Zaporozhian Cossacks under Ataman Petrus and under Trubezkoi join the volunteer army outside Moscow.


Maria helps free her bridegroom Ilya Pachomov from the dungeon in which Hermogen was forged.


Minin, Poscharsky and Trubetskoi celebrate with their volunteers under the Spassky Gate of the Moscow Kremlin. The fatherland is saved.


In January 1996, Schröder wrote: When Bulgakov took up the issue of the Russians' war of liberation against foreigners based on the Moscow popular uprising of 1612 in 1936, he was reflecting on the danger that the German-Polish non-aggression pact had posed for the Soviet Union .

German-language editions

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  1. As is well known, in the 1934 pact that preceded the German-Soviet non-aggression pact of 1939, Hitler intended Piłsudski to play the role of a helper when it came to finding new living space in the East - i.e. in the Soviet Union.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Russian ru: Чориков, Борис Артемьевич , Boris Artemjewitsch Tschorikow
  2. Russian Музыка России, Musyka Rossii
  3. Note in the Bulgakow encyclopedia (Russian, first paragraph), see also PDF file , 97 pages at (Russian)
  4. Russian ru: Рашель (либретто Булгакова) , Rachel (libretto Bulgakow )
  5. Russian ru: Трубецкой, Дмитрий Тимофеевич , Dmitri Timofejewitsch Trubetskoi
  6. Schröder in the afterword of the edition used, p. 274, 6. Zvo
  7. Russian ru: Ханов, Александр Александрович , Alexander Alexandrowitsch Chanow
  8. Russian ru: Ливанов, Борис Николаевич , Boris Nikolajewitsch Liwanow