Mittelhausen (Bas-Rhin)

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Mittelhausen coat of arms
Mittelhausen (France)
local community Wingersheim les Quatre Bans
region Grand Est
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Saverne
Coordinates 48 ° 43 '  N , 7 ° 38'  E Coordinates: 48 ° 43 '  N , 7 ° 38'  E
Post Code 67170
Former INSEE code 67297
status Commune déléguée

St. Laurentius Church

Template: Infobox district of a municipality in France / maintenance / different coat of arms in Wikidata

Mittelhausen is a déléguée commune in the French commune of Wingersheim les Quatre Bans with 590 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Bas-Rhin department in the Grand Est region (until 2015 Alsace ).


middle Ages

Mittelhausen was a fiefdom of the Bishops of Metz and was assigned to their office in Brumath by the Lords of Lichtenberg . Around 1330 there was a first, in 1335 a second division of the country between the three lines of the House of Lichtenberg . Mittelhausen fell half to Johann II von Lichtenberg , from the older line of the house, and half to the descendants of Johann III, who died early . von Lichtenberg , who established the middle line of the house. In 1378 they sold half of the village to Ulrich von Finstingen. The half sold was obviously bought back at a later date, because the place is later entirely owned by the Lords of Lichtenberg.

Anna von Lichtenberg (* 1442; † 1474), one of Ludwig V's two heirs, married Count Philip I the Elder of Hanau-Babenhausen (* 1417; † 1480) in 1458, who had a small secondary school from the County of Hanau had received in order to be able to marry her. The county of Hanau-Lichtenberg came into being through the marriage . After the death of the last Lichtenberger, Count Jakob, one of Anna's uncle, Philip I d. Ä. In 1480 half of the Lichtenberg rule, the other half went to his brother-in-law, Simon IV. Wecker von Zweibrücken-Bitsch . The Brumath office was initially a condominium between Hanau-Lichtenberg and Zweibrücken-Bitsch. Under the government of Count Philip III. From Hanau-Lichtenberg there was then a real division: The Brumath office came entirely to Zweibrücken-Bitsch. In contrast, the Willstätt office , which also came from the Lichtenberg legacy and was a condominium between the two houses, was transferred entirely to the County of Hanau-Lichtenberg.

Modern times

However, there was another inheritance in 1570, which also brought the office of Brumath and thus the village of Mittelhausen to the County of Hanau-Lichtenberg: Count Jakob von Zweibrücken-Bitsch (* 1510; † 1570) and his brother Simon V. Wecker , who had died in 1540, left behind only one daughter each as heiress. Count Jakob's daughter, Margarethe (* 1540; † 1569), was married to Philipp V von Hanau-Lichtenberg (* 1541; † 1599). The legacy resulting from this constellation also included the second half of the former rule of Lichtenberg, which was not already ruled by Hanau-Lichtenberg, and included the office of Brumath with Mittelhausen. In 1570, the ruling Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg also carried out the Reformation in Mittelhausen , in the Lutheran version.

Due to France's reunification policy , the Brumath office and the village of Mittelhausen also fell under French sovereignty in 1680.

1736 died with Count Johann Reinhard III. the last male representative of the Hanau family. Due to the marriage of his only daughter, Charlotte (* 1700; † 1726), with the Hereditary Prince Ludwig (VIII.) (* 1691; † 1768) of Hesse-Darmstadt , he inherited the county of Hanau-Lichtenberg. In the course of the French Revolution , the left bank of the Hanau-Lichtenberg county - and thus Mittelhausen - fell to France.

On January 1, 2016, the community of Mittelhausen formed the Commune nouvelle Wingersheim les Quatre Bans with Gingsheim , Hohatzenheim and Wingersheim . She was a member of the Communauté de communes du Pays de la Zorn .

Population development

year 1798 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2012
Residents 464 405 394 379 435 490 509 550 556


  • Jean-Claude Brumm: Quelques dates importantes dan l'histoire… . In: Société d'Histoire et d'Archaeologie de Saverne et Environs (ed.): Cinquième centenaire de la création du Comté de Hanau-Lichtenberg 1480–1980 = Pays d'Alsace 111/112 (2, 3/1980), p 10f.
  • Fritz Eyer: The territory of the Lords of Lichtenberg 1202-1480. Investigations into the property, the rule and the politics of domestic power of a noble family from the Upper Rhine . In: Writings of the Erwin von Steinbach Foundation . 2nd edition, unchanged in the text, by an introduction extended reprint of the Strasbourg edition, Rhenus-Verlag, 1938. Volume 10 . Pfaehler, Bad Neustadt an der Saale 1985, ISBN 3-922923-31-3 (268 pages).
  • Friedrich Knöpp: Territorial holdings of the County of Hanau-Lichtenberg in Hesse-Darmstadt . [typewritten] Darmstadt 1962. [Available in the Hessisches Staatsarchiv Darmstadt , signature: N 282/6].
  • Alfred Matt: Bailliages, prévôté et fiefs ayant fait partie de la Seigneurie de Lichtenberg, du Comté de Hanau-Lichtenberg, du Landgraviat de Hesse-Darmstadt . In: Société d'Histoire et d'Archaeologie de Saverne et Environs (eds.): Cinquième centenaire de la création du Comté de Hanau-Lichtenberg 1480–1980 = Pays d'Alsace 111/112 (2, 3/1980), p 7-9.

Web links

Commons : Mittelhausen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Knöpp, p. 5; Eyer, pp. 53, 160.
  2. Eyer, p. 239.
  3. Eyer, p. 79.
  4. Eyer, p. 104.
  5. Knöpp, p. 5.
  6. Brumm, p. 11.
  7. ^ M. Schickelé: État de l'Église d'Alsace avant la Révolution 1 . Colmar 1877, p. 49.
  8. ^ Matt, p. 7.