Noam Elkies
Noam David Elkies (born August 25, 1966 in New York City ) is an American mathematician who deals with number theory and combinatorics.
Life
In 1981 he won a gold medal at the 22nd International Mathematical Olympiad , with the maximum possible score of 42, one of the youngest participants to have done that. Elkies won the Putnam Fellowship three times as an undergraduate student, first in 1982 at the age of 16. He did his PhD in 1987 at Harvard with Barry Mazur and Benedict Gross with Supersingular primes of a given elliptic curve over a number field . In 1990 he became an assistant professor at Harvard, where he was given a full professorship in 1993 (at age 26, setting the previous record set by lawyer Alan Dershowitz ). In 1991 Elkies received the NAS Award for Initiatives in Research . In 2017 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences .
mathematics
In his dissertation he proved that for every elliptic curve E over the rational numbers there are infinitely many supersingular prime numbers ("supersingular" means in this case that the E modulo p considered is a supersingular elliptic curve over the finite field , i.e. one elliptic curve with an unusually large number of endomorphisms).
In 1988 he gave a counterexample for Euler's conjecture about power sums of integers. He claimed that if
should be. LJ Lander and TR Parkin had already given a counterexample for k = 5 in 1966, Elkies gave one for k = 4 (in 1988 Roger Frye found a smaller solution using computer methods based on Elkie's work).
At about the same time as Tetsuji Shioda , he developed the theory of the Mordell-Weil lattice in 1990, which the Mordell-Weil group (group of rational points of an elliptic curve or Abelian variety over a global body) treats as a lattice.
Elkies also worked on numerical / algorithmic problems in number theory of elliptic curves, particularly important for cryptographic applications. With AOL Atkin , he improved Schoof's algorithm for determining the number of rational points on elliptic curves.
Elkies is a fan of puzzle games and has also worked in the field of combinatorial games. He is also known for discovering many new and interesting configurations in John Conway's game Life . In the field of combinatorics he worked a. a. via grids, spherical packings and codes.
In 1994 he was invited speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Zurich ( Linearized algebra ). In 2004 he received the Levi L. Conant Prize .
In 2003, together with Henry Cohn , he developed upper bounds for the closest packing of spheres in different dimensions through families of auxiliary functions, which showed, in particular for d = 8 (E8 lattice) and d = 24 (Leech lattice), that the lattices in question came very close to the closest packing of spheres. Proof of this was published in 2016 by Maryna Viazovska .
chess
Elkies is an active student composer and a great master in solving chess compositions. He has composed more than 40 chess studies. In 1996 he became world champion in solving chess problems and studies in Tel Aviv .
He retired from tournament chess in his early twenties, after having fulfilled the standard for a National Master (2200 Elo points) of the US Federation with around 2260 Elo points .
Internet Mailing List, 2004
a | b | c | d | e | f | G | H | ||
8th | 8th | ||||||||
7th | 7th | ||||||||
6th | 6th | ||||||||
5 | 5 | ||||||||
4th | 4th | ||||||||
3 | 3 | ||||||||
2 | 2 | ||||||||
1 | 1 | ||||||||
a | b | c | d | e | f | G | H |
Solution:
In order to be able to answer the question below the diagram, the history of the development of the position shown must be clarified with a retro analysis .
White is in check and apparently it is checkmate . In that case Black would have won. Since the black pawn offers check and the white king cannot escape, this check can only be countered by capturing the pawn. This pawn, however, could only be captured en passant by the white pawn f5. In this case, black would be mated and white would have won.
A necessary prerequisite for capturing en passant is the double step of the pawn to be captured in the immediately preceding move. Because of the chess rule, the g-pawn must have moved last. The outcome of the game depends on whether the pawn moved from g7 or from g6 to g5.
This question can be decided unambiguously by finding the last move by White.
music
Elkies has been composing music and playing the piano since he was three years old. He is interested in the applications of mathematics in music. Some of his plays have been broadcast on radio stations in Israel and the United States.
Web links
- Homepage, with preprints
- Website about Elkies chess problems, Dutch , other chess problems from Elkies [1]
- Elkies: Lattices, Linear Codes, and Invariants I. Review article that was awarded the Conant Prize (PDF; 156 kB)
- Lattices, Linear Codes, and Invariants II. , Part 2 of the review article (PDF; 176 kB)
- Noam Elkies on a boat tour to Mount Athos during the 47th PCCC Congress 2004 in Chalkidiki (Greece)
- Compositions by Noam Elkies on the PDB server
Individual evidence
- ↑ Ravi Vakil, "The Youngest Tenured Professor in Harvard History," Math Horizons, September 1998, (PDF; 501 kB). Accessed July 3, 2015.
- ↑ Elkies: On . In: Math. Comput. Volume 51, 1988, pp. 825-835.
- ↑ Elkies On Mordell-Weil-Lattices , Working Conference Bonn 1990
- ^ Cohn, Elkies, New upper bounds on sphere packings I, Annals of Mathematics, Volume 157, 2003, pp. 689-714
personal data | |
---|---|
SURNAME | Elkies, Noam |
ALTERNATIVE NAMES | Elkies, Noam David (full name) |
BRIEF DESCRIPTION | American mathematician and chess composer |
DATE OF BIRTH | August 25, 1966 |
PLACE OF BIRTH | New York City |