Order of the Holy Treasure
The Order of the Sacred Treasure ( Jap. 瑞宝章 , Zuihōshō , English. Order of the Sacred Treasure ), also orders the mirror or the Order of the Sacred Treasure called, is a Japanese order, which by on January 4, 1888 Emperor Meiji was donated.
The order is divided into six classes; It can be awarded for long or special services in both the military and civilian sectors. The award was given to the army and navy as well as to civil servants of equal status. The award was graded according to rank and often presupposed the holder of the order in a certain previous order class. Being a bearer of the Order of the Rising Sun in a certain class was also a possible requirement for the award. Foreigners, such as consuls , envoys and embassy staff who had worked in Japan for several years, could receive the medal. The prerequisite for being awarded the Grand Cross (first class) is fulfilled by senior officers and civil servants in the army and navy, as well as civil servants in the same position, envoys and ministers. In addition, the distinguished persons must be holders of the Order of the Rising Sun in 2nd class. Originally reserved for men only, since 1919 the order can also be awarded to women. In contrast to its European counterparts, the Order of the Sacred Treasure can also be awarded posthumously.
|#||from 2003||before 2003||English||European view|
|1.||Zuihō daijushō||瑞宝 大 綬 章||big ~ on the tape||Kun-it-tō zuihōshō||勲 一等 瑞宝 章||1st class of merit, ~||Grand Cordon of the ~||Grand Cross|
|2.||Zuihō jūkōshō||瑞宝 重 光 章||multicolored ~||Kun-ni-tō zuihōshō||勲 二等 瑞宝 章||2nd class of merit, ~||~, Gold and Silver Star||Grand Officer|
|3.||Zuihō chūjushō||瑞宝 中 綬 章||middle ~||Kun-san-tō zuihōshō||勲 三等 瑞宝 章||3rd class of merit, ~||~, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon||commander|
|4th||Zuihō shōjushō||瑞宝 小 綬 章||smaller ~ on the tape||Kun-yon-tō zuihōshō||勲 四 等 瑞宝 章||4th grade of merit, ~||~, Gold Rays with Rosette||officer|
|5.||Zuihō sōkōshō||瑞宝 双 光 章||two-tone ~||Kun-go-tō zuihōshō||勲 五 等 瑞宝 章||5th grade of merit, ~||~, Gold and Silver Rays||Knight 1st class|
|6th||Zuihō tankōshō||瑞宝 単 光 章||monochrome ~||Kun-roku-tō zuihōshō||勲 六 等 瑞宝 章||6th merit class, ~||~, Silver Rays||Knight II class|
|7th||abolished||Kun-nana-tō zuihōshō||勲 七 等 瑞宝 章||7th merit class, ~||~, Gold Medal||Decoration of honor 1st class|
|8th.||abolished||Kun-hachi-tō zuihōshō||勲 八 等 瑞宝 章||8th grade of merit, ~||~, Silver Medal||Decoration of honor II class|
Design and way of carrying
The order bears symbols of the throne insignia of Japan : the mirror Yata no kagami , the gemstone Yasakani no Magatama and the sword Kusanagi .
The medal of the 1st to 6th grade is a Maltese cross in gold (1st to 4th grade), gold and silver (5th grade) or silver (6th grade), with white enamelled rays that represent the sword . The central disc is blue with an eight-pointed star for the mirror surrounded by a wreath of red-enameled dots for the gemstone. The medal hangs on a light blue ribbon with yellow stripes on the edges.
The 1st grade is worn as a sash on the right shoulder, the 2nd and 3rd grade for men as a collar and the 4th to 6th grade on the left chest (with the ribbon folded as a triangle). Women wear the ribbon in the form of a bow on the left shoulder. The 4th grade belt also has a rosette .
The 1st and 2nd class star is similar to the medal, except that it is shaped like two Maltese crosses, one in gold and the other diagonally in silver. The 1st class star is worn on the left and the 2nd class on the right breast.
The colors of the rays of the religious character, the shape of the belt and the carrying method for each class are similar to the Order of the Rising Sun .
Changes made in 2003
Until 2003, orders of the 7th and 8th grade were also awarded, the medal of which was an octagonal silver medal - the 7th grade was partially gold-plated - with representations of the mirror and the precious stone. They are worn like those in the 4th to 6th grade.
In addition, all orders changed the color of the ribbon from white with two yellow stripes to indigo with two yellow stripes .
- 1st class: Charles Alexander Anderson , Akabori Shirō , Arisaka Nariakira , George Edward Gauntlett (Japanese Ganto Tadashi), Hayashi Senjūrō , Ibuka Masaru , Akio Morita , Renato Ruggiero , Rudolf Sallinger , Satō Naotake , Otto Schniewind , Julius Scriba , Hamao Umezawa , Oda Yorozu , Tōjō Hideki
- 2nd class: Sakıp Sabancı , Iriye Akira , James Harold Elmsley , George Edward Gauntlett , Konrad Ernst von Goßler , Werner Köster , Ikuo Kushiro , Murata Akira , Johannis de Rijke , Alexander von Siebold , Heinrich Georg Stahmer , Eugene P. Wilkinson
- 3rd grade: Peter Drucker , Max Fesca , Carl Fraenkel , Fukushima Yasumasa , George Edward Gauntlett , Ernst Heinkel , Akira Ifukube , Otsuma Kotaka , Isamu Noguchi , Tadahiro Sekimoto , Katō Shūson , Uno Chiyo , Shinya Inoué , Bruno Lewin , Karl Emil Kirchner , Friedrich Wilhelm Höhn
- 4th grade: Rudi Müller , Herbert Keppler , Keiko Fukuda , Beate Sirota , Helmut Laumer , Hermann Bohner
- Unknown class: Hans-Günther Sohl , Carl Caelius , Hans-Olaf Henkel , Bernhard Rogge , Heinrich Hertz , Toyohiko Kagawa , Thomas Noguchi , Rolf Anschütz
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- 5th grade: 1934, 4th grade: 1954 "> Hermann Bohner: Works and publications concerning East Asia
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