Paul Rostock

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Paul Rostock as a defendant in the Nuremberg medical trial

Paul Rostock (born January 18, 1892 in Kranz , district of Meseritz , † June 17, 1956 in Bad Tölz ) was a German surgeon and concentration camp doctor . From 1943 he was the "Commissioner for Medical Science and Research" of the "NS General Commissioner for Sanitary and Health Care" Karl Brandt .

Medical and scientific career

Paul Rostock belonged to the royal from 1908 to 1913. Prussian Cadet Corps. From 1913 he studied medicine at the Universities of Greifswald and Jena . From 1915 to 1918 he did military service. In 1919 Rostock joined the DNVP . In 1922 he was at the University of Jena to Dr. med is doing his doctorate. He then worked as an assistant doctor in the surgical clinic of the University of Jena. From 1927 to 1933, Rostock was senior physician at the Bergmannsheil hospital in Bochum , where he met Karl Brandt. From 1933 Rostock was medical director in Berlin. In 1935 he became a private lecturer in surgery . In 1936, an unscheduled position as professor was set up for him .

Rostock joined the NSDAP on May 1, 1937 (No. 5.917.621). In 1939 he was given the task of advising surgeon in the Wehrmacht . On February 20, 1940, he joined the National Socialist German Medical Association (membership no. 31.569). In 1941, by order of Hitler, Rostock was appointed full professor at the University of Berlin and head of the II. Surgical University Clinic at the Charité, where Karl Brandt worked as deputy medical director and other prominent Nazi surgeons. From 1942 to 1945 Rostock was dean of the medical faculty at the University of Berlin. In 1943 he was appointed by the "Nazi General Commissioner for Sanitary and Health Care" Karl Brandt as his "Commissioner for Medical Science and Research".

Participation in human experiments

With Karl Brandt, Siegfried Handloser , Oskar Schröder , Karl Genzken , Eugen Haagen and other Nazi officials, Paul Rostock was involved in the planning and implementation of various series of medical experiments on prisoners of war and concentration camp inmates: in the period from December 1941 to February 1945 in the typhus epidemic -Immunization attempts in the Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp , between June 1943 and January 1945 on experiments by the Forensic Institute (KTI) of the security police to research epidemic jaundice and to develop appropriate vaccination protection in the Sachsenhausen and Natzweiler concentration camps and in the period from July to September 1944 in sea water tests for the benefit of the air force in the Dachau concentration camp in the biochemical test station in the infirmary block 1.

Nuremberg medical trial

After the end of the Second World War , Rostock, as a high-ranking Nazi doctor, was one of the people accused in the Nuremberg medical trial who were accused of planning and organizing war crimes and crimes against humanity . He was defended in these proceedings by the lawyer Hans Pribilla. Rostock was acquitted by the judgment of the American military tribunal on August 20, 1947 .

After his release from prison, Rostock settled in Bavaria . From 1948 he worked as chief physician in the hospital for the disabled in Possenhofen . In 1949 he became chief physician at the Richard Wagner Hospital in Bayreuth .


  • Special surgery textbook. Leipzig 1941. 690 pp.
  • Detection and treatment of fractures and dislocations. Leipzig 1942, 370 pp.
  • Accident assessment. 2. reworked. Edition Berlin 1951. 109 pp.


Individual evidence

  1. a b Michael Grüttner : Biographical Lexicon on National Socialist Science Policy (= Studies on Science and University History. Volume 6). Synchron, Heidelberg 2004, ISBN 3-935025-68-8 , p. 142.
  2. ^ A b from: Winfried Süss: The 'People's Body' in War: Health Policy, Health Conditions and Sick Murder in National Socialist Germany 1939-1945 Munich, 2003, ISBN 3-486-56719-5
  3. Medical experiments on prisoners of war and concentration camp inmates ( Memento from March 12, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Source: Foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future"
  4. ^ The Nuremberg Trials: The Doctors Trial ( Memento from February 14, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Nürnberger Ärzteprozess (Eng.)