Polonistik is the academic occupation with the Polish language and Polish literature (also: Polish philology ) as well as, in a broader sense, modern cultural studies that deal with the Polish nation , its history and regional studies .
It is still not very visible in Germany and Austria and hardly present in social consciousness. Polonistics can be studied at various universities. The subject is often offered as a focus within courses in Slavic Studies or West Slavonic Studies , but can also be completed as a separate subject as part of a two-subject bachelor's degree. In addition, Polish or Polish can also be studied as a minor subject in other bachelor's degree programs as well as within the framework of teacher training programs. Polonistics can be a focus z. B. be chosen in the following courses:
- Slavic cultural studies
- Slavic literary studies
- Slavic Philology
- Slavic languages, literatures and translation
- Slavic Linguistics
- Slavic Studies (also spelled: Slavic Studies)
- West Slavic Studies
Polonists research the language, literature and culture of Poland and also use their knowledge to establish or expand cultural and economic relationships with Poland. Polonists find jobs in research and teaching at universities and research institutes, in publishing houses, in libraries and archives, at radio and television broadcasters, in adult education or in translation services. In addition, there are other employment opportunities with tour operators, in public administration or in management consulting. The duration of the course up to the Bachelor's degree is at least 6 and at most 8 semesters. For polonists, this often enables them to start their career directly. Management positions, specialized assignments or activities in science and research often require a master’s degree (duration: 2–4 semesters) (degree: Master of Arts) following the bachelor’s degree.
Possible combinations of polonics are:
- Combination course with history and cultural studies
- Polish Studies and Economics
- Karol Józef Wojtyła , who later became Pope John Paul II, studied Polish studies at the Jagellon University of Krakow , and wrote numerous poems, plays and prose at that time.
- Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff
- Grzegorz Krajewski
- Tadeusz Stefan Zielinski
Polish studies in German-speaking countries
In Germany, the subject of polonistics a. a. offered at the following universities:
- Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
- University of Potsdam
- University of Regensburg (partner of the University of Łódź and University of Krakow )
- Christian Albrechts University in Kiel
- Friedrich Schiller University Jena and Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
- Justus-Liebig university of Giessen
Directly on the German-Polish border, the Collegium Polonicum in Słubice (joint institution of the European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder) and the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan ) offers courses in Polish language and culture or Polish as a foreign language.
In Austria you can acquire knowledge in the field of Polish studies at the following institutes:
In Switzerland there are two Slavic institutes where you can study Polish studies:
- The University of Friborg has a chair for Slavic Languages and Literatures and deals equally with Russian Studies (Russian literature of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries) and Polonistics (all periods of Polish literary history). Freiburg is in constant contact with the Universities of Warsaw , Cracow and Gdansk, as well as with the Institute for Literary Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences , Warsaw.
- The University of Zurich focuses on linguistic and literary Russian studies as well as Polish and Bohemian studies . She has a professorship for Slavic linguistics, a professorship for literary studies and an associate professor for Western Slavonic and Russian literary studies. She has a cooperation agreement u. a. with Warsaw.
- Institutes, seminars for Slavic Studies in Germany and beyond, including language teaching facilities
- Link catalog on the topic of Polish studies at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Brigitta Helbig-Mischewski : On the history and future of Polish studies in Germany. In: Brigitta Helbig-Mischewski (Hrsg.), Gabriela Matuszek (Hrsg.): Ferryman limitless. Germans and Poles in Europe today: In memory of Henryk Bereska. 1st edition, Olms, 2008, ISBN 978-3-487-13639-4 , pp. 225-240.
- information Polonist
- Slavic Studies - Focus on Polish Studies , Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, accessed on November 23, 2014
- Polish at the Center for Languages and Key Competences (Zessko), accessed on November 23, 2014
- Institute for Slavic Studies at the University of Regensburg ( memento from August 19, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 23, 2014
- Uni Kiel , accessed on November 23, 2014
- Interdisciplinary Polish Studies ( Memento from August 14, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) at the Institute for Slavic and Caucasian Studies at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, accessed on July 6, 2016
- Interdisciplinary Poland Studies , presentation of the Aleksander Brückner Center for Polish Studies, accessed on July 6, 2016
- Subjects Slavic Studies , University of Gießen, accessed on November 23, 2014
- University of Vienna
- Institute for Interpreter Training ( Memento from May 26, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Slavic department of the University of Salzburg
- Information sheet of the Salzburg Polonistics
- University of Freiburg
- Slavic Institutes in Switzerland
- University of Zurich