Cologne cycling stadium
The cycling stadium now holds 2500 spectators and is partly covered. The track, which is elevated between 13 ° and 43 °, is designed for speeds of up to 85 km / h. It consists of the valuable and rare tropical wood Afzelia , as it is particularly weather-resistant. The use of this tropical wood led to political disputes in the city council during construction .
The stadium and cycling track were designed by the Münster architects Herbert and Ralph Schürmann.
The 110th German Railway Championships were held there in 1996 for the ceremonial opening of the cycling stadium . In 1998 the scoreboard from the now demolished Cologne sports hall was installed in the cycling track.
The bike stadium was owned by the city of Cologne until 2001, after which it was transferred to the city's own company " Kölner Sportstätten GmbH ".
In May 2019, the state government of North Rhine-Westphalia decided to extensively modernize the Cologne cycling stadium and expand it into a track cycling center. The application for the award was again based on plans by the Schürmann family of architects. The hall should be roofed over so that training is also possible in winter. A building is to be built on the east side for athletes and coaches. In addition, the new hall should be suitable as a multifunctional hall for several sports. Here top and young athletes are to be promoted, school and university sports take place and students of the German Sport University train and research.
A citizens' initiative led by the journalist Renate Franz and the later mayor of the city center, Andreas Hupke , succeeded in naming the track in the cycling stadium after Albert Richter when it opened in 1996 . The Cologne cyclist was allegedly murdered by the Gestapo in Lörrach prison in 1940 . In 1932 Richter won the amateur sprint world championship in Rome ; in the Velodromo Maspes-Vigorelli , which Herbert Schürmann's father, Clemens Schürmann , designed for the World Championships .
Although officially only the track bears the Richters name, this separation has not prevailed in common parlance, which is why the term "Albert-Richter-Radstadion" is often used.
The track record over 200 m was set by Maximilian Levy on July 22nd, 2012 during the 1st Cologne Sprinter Meeting with 10.033 seconds . He improved Jan van Eijden's previous record of 10.4 seconds in the opening year 1996.
In total there have been at least nine cycle racing tracks in Cologne since 1889.
The first was the "Radrennbahn am Zoologischer Garten", better known as the " Riehler Radrennbahn ". It was built by the “1. Bicycle Club Köln ”, a cycling club that was founded in 1880 on the initiative of the tire manufacturer Clouth . The runway was inaugurated in 1889 on an area that is now part of Cologne Zoo . At the same time, the “International Sports Exhibition” took place in Cologne's Flora . The track was 333 m long, 9 m wide and had a 4.20 m elevation. The first race, still on high wheels, was won by Heinrich Kühbacher from Cologne, who later became known as "Knallkünning" ("Knallkönig") because he gave the starting shot for track races in Cologne until the 1950s.
Buffalo Bill appeared here with his Wild West Show in 1890, the German championships in 1892 and the world championships for professional cyclists in 1895. At the German championships, the race over 1000 meters in low cycling was won by Jean Schaaf , who was thus the first Cologne cyclist to win a German championship title. Three years later the track cycling world championships took place there, the third in the history of cycling and the first with professional participation. On this occasion, the track, which until then consisted of rolled gravel, was given an asphalt surface. Over the decades it was mainly used for standing races .
On September 6, 1908, the European championship over 100 kilometers was held on the track; at the start was the future world champion Peter Günther . On September 8, 1913, two athletes had a fatal accident on the Riehler Radrennbahn, the racing driver Richard Scheuermann and the pacemaker Gus Lawson, brother of the racing driver Iver Lawson . On July 21, 1931, the German pacemaker Werner Krüger had a fatal accident on the train.
During the Second World War , the track, which has also been used as a motorsport racing track since the 1920s, suffered severe damage from the bombing of the city and was demolished in 1956.
Around 1900, the "Stadtwaldbahn" (Stadtwaldbahn) was laid out in the Cologne city forest in Lindenthal. It was 400 meters long, consisted of ash and sand and had no noticeable incline. Originally it was just a park path that led around tennis courts. The races that take place here were particularly popular because of the idyllic location of the track. Up to 20,000 spectators came to the races and built the grandstands themselves from chairs, boards and ladders; It is also reported that the fans arrived with chairs and picnic baskets on Saturday evenings in order to secure the best seats for the races on Sunday morning. The last race took place in 1923.
The direct predecessor of the Albert Richter Radstadion was the "Müngersdorfer Radrennbahn", which stood in the same place and was the only one in Cologne owned by the city. The 400-meter-long wooden runway, designed by the Dresden engineer Edmund Heller, was opened in 1923, and four years later the competitions of the rail world championships took place on it , for which it had been modernized and expanded again: the wooden runway was replaced by one made of concrete replaced, grandstands were expanded and lighting was installed. After the Second World War, races - mainly standing races - took place as early as 1945. In a race with several nations in 1949, Jean Schorn from Cologne won . Since there was still no official national anthem, the Cologne hit We are the natives of Trizonesia by Karl Berbuer was heard .
In 1954 the track world championships were held in Müngersdorf - apart from the standing races that took place in Wuppertal in the "Stadion Am Zoo". 1971 was the last cycle race on this track. In the 1960s, the home games of the regional division (second division) SC Viktoria Köln and SC Fortuna Köln were played on the playing field inside the cycling track . During the construction phase of the neighboring Müngersdorfer Stadium from August 1971 to November 1975, 1. FC Cologne also played its Bundesliga home games there. For this purpose, the capacity of the cycling track was increased from 15,000 to 29,000 spectators. A wooden grandstand was erected on the opposite stand and spectator seats were built over the cycling track itself. As a result, there was no longer any possibility of holding cycling races there, the track was demolished in 1981 and construction of the new cycling track began in 1990.
In 1928 the first covered cycling track in Cologne (length 166.66 meters, designer Clemens Schürmann) was opened in the Rheinlandhalle , where the Cologne six-day races took place from 1927 to 1933 . During the war the hall was badly damaged and the railway disappeared into the sinking; today there are shops in the hall. a. a bicycle discounter. Since Albert Richter's cycling career began in the Rheinlandhalle, there is a memorial plaque on it for him.
Club and training tracks
In addition, there were several club-owned railways in the 1930s, such as the "Schwalbe-Bahn" in Bickendorf , the "Tempo" and the " Schmitter-Bahn " in Mülheim , the latter on the premises today's Stegerwaldsiedlung . Also in the 1930s, the “Nordfeldbahn” was built on the stadium grounds in Müngersdorf for training purposes; today the riding and baseball stadium is located there . All of these railways only existed for a few years.
Cologne sports hall
After the Second World War , Cologne received a covered cycling track for the second time, in the sports hall on the grounds of the KölnMesse . The wooden track was expandable, 166.66 meters long and had a curve superelevation of 54 degrees. It was designed by Herbert Schürmann. The six-day races and the races for the Silver Eagle of Cologne took place on this track from 1958 to 1997 . The sports hall was demolished in 1999 and the wooden track donated to the Murjani Sports School in Latvia. However, it was not built there until 2011.
- Udo Schmidt-Arndt: The Cologne Radrennbahnen 1889-1996. Cologne 1996.
- Gabi Langen, Thomas Deres: Müngersdorfer Stadium Cologne. Cologne 1998, p. 114 ff.
- Horst Nordmann, Fritz and Mika Hahn: Kölsche Zweiradgeschichten. Pioneers, racing drivers, destinies. Cologne 2003.
- Christiane Vielhaber: A summer day in Cologne 1998: Sports hall is demolished after 40 years. In: ksta.de. August 18, 2018. Retrieved August 19, 2018 .
- cycling center in Cologne. In: land.nrw. May 29, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2019 .
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- wergehthin.de ( Memento of the original from July 8, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Jürgen Weisser: Between Lustgarten and Lunapark , 1998, p. 88.
- Illustrated cycling sport . July 24, 1931.
- Entry on the cycling track and motorsport race track (Riehler Radrennbahn am Zoologischer Garten) in the database " KuLaDig " of the Rhineland Regional Association , accessed on February 16, 2017.
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