Raffiat de Moncade
Raffiat de Moncade is an old white grape that is grown in the Sud-Ouest wine-growing region in southwest France . It is part of Appellations - wines of Béarn and Tursan , otherwise it is but rarely used. It is only offered as a single variety at Domaine Guilhemas. The grape variety takes part of its name from what is now the Tour Moncade Museum in Orthez .
The white wines are fine and rich in alcohol. Raffiat de Moncade is usually blended with the Gros Manseng and Petit Manseng grape varieties, which bring the necessary acidity (→ acidity (wine) ) into the cuvée .
A study published in 2007 shows that the grape varieties Baroque , Manseng Noir and Tannat are genetically very closely related. There is also a striking similarity to the Malbec variety and the Claverie variety is also genetically closely related to this group. The Raffiat de Moncade variety also shows related characteristics, but has been proven to be derived from the old Gouais Blanc grape variety . So far only 1 clone has been recognized for commercial cultivation.
The Basque Durquety used the grape variety to cross the new varieties Arriloba , Arroba and Perdea .
See also the article Viticulture in France and the list of grape varieties .
Parentage: autochthonous variety from south-west France. The Gouais Blanc variety has been identified as one of the parent varieties.
Ampelographic varietal characteristics
In ampelography , the habitus is described as follows:
- The shoot tip is open. It is hairy white, with a carmine-red tinge. The green young leaves are still slightly woolly hairy and spotted in bronze color (anthocyanin spots)
- The thick leaves (see also the article leaf shape ) are only slightly curved and three-lobed. The stem bay is lyren-shaped open. The leaf margin is bluntly serrated. The teeth are set medium-wide compared to other grape varieties. The leaf surface (also called blade) is not vesicularly structured.
- The cylindrical to cone-shaped grape is large and quite loose. The rounded berries are medium-sized. When fully ripe they are whitish-yellow in color.
The Raffiat de Moncade grape variety ripens around 20 days after the Gutedel and is therefore considered to ripen internationally for one grape variety. The variety is hardly susceptible to gray mold rot and is considered to be high-yielding.
The Raffiat de Moncade grape variety is also known under the names Arréfiat, Portugal, Raffiat (but not to be confused with the Arrufiat variety , which has the same synonym) and Rousselet.
- ↑ Louis Bordenave, Thierry Lacombe, Valérie Laucou, Jean-Michel Boursiquot: Etude historique, génétique et ampélographique des cépages Pyrénéo Atlantiques . In: Le Bulletin de l'OIV . tape 80 , no. 920-921-922 , 2007, ISSN 0029-7127 , p. 553-586 (French, oiv.int [PDF; 5.3 MB ; accessed on November 26, 2014]). online ( Memento of the original from June 4, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Pierre Galet : Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages. Hachette, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-01-236331-8 .
- Raffiat de Moncade in the database Vitis International Variety Catalog of the Institute for Vine Breeding Geilweilerhof (English)