German turf rush ( Trichophorum cespitosum subsp. Germanicum )
Rushes are perennial herbaceous plants that form clumps . Some species also form rhizomes . The stalks are triangular or round. The leaves are basal or approximately basal. The leaf sheaths do not have leaf blades , the distal sheaths can have blades up to 5 mm long. The vagina is not fibrous. Ligule are present.
The inflorescences are terminal and consist of a spikelet. The only involucral leaf is scale-shaped, the tip is pointed or bears an awn . The spikelet consists of 3 to 9 spirally arranged scales, each of which has a flower . The flowers are hermaphroditic, the flower shell consists of 0 to 6 straight bristles, which can be up to 20 times longer than the achenes . There are three stamens . The styles are straight, three-lobed, their base is permanent. The achenes are triangular to plane-convex.
The genus is distributed circumpolar to circumboreal, but also occurs in the Andes and in the tropical mountains of Southeast Asia.
The genus Trichophorum was previously listed as a section Baeothryon within the genus Scirpus .
Twelve species are known worldwide:
- Alpine turf rush ( Trichophorum alpinum (L.) Pers .; Syn .: Scirpus hudsonianus (Michx.) Fern. ): Temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, also in Central Europe
Turf rush ( Trichophorum cespitosum (L.) Hartman ; Syn .: Scirpus cespitosus L. ): Temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, with two subspecies, also in Central Europe
- Common turf rush ( Trichophorum cespitosum subsp. Cespitosum ): Temperate zone of the northern hemisphere.
- German turf rush ( Trichophorum cespitosum subsp. Germanicum (Palla) Hegi ; Syn .: Scirpus cespitosus subsp. Germanicus (Palla) Broddeson ): Western Europe.
- Trichophorum cespitosum nothosubsp. foersteri Swan (Syn .: Trichophorum x foersteri (Swan) DA Simpson ) = Trichophorum cespitosum subsp. cespitosum × Trichophorum cespitosum subsp. germanicum : Western Europe.
- Trichophorum clintonii (A. Gray) SG Sm .: Home is Canada and the northern USA.
- Trichophorum distigmaticum (Kük.) TVEgorova : It occurs from Tibet to central China.
- Trichophorum dolichocarpum Zakirov : Home is Central Asia.
- Trichophorum mattfeldianum (Kük.) S.Yun Liang : It occurs from China to Vietnam.
- Trichophorum planifolium (Spreng.) Palla : Home is Canada and the USA.
Dwarf rush ( Trichophorum pumilum (Vahl) Schinz & Thell .: Syn .: Scirpus pumilus Vahl ): Temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, also occurs in Central Europe. There are two subspecies:
- Trichophorum pumilum subsp. pumilum : Europe to the Himalayas.
- Trichophorum pumilum subsp. rollandii (Fernald) Roy L.Taylor & MacBryde : Alaska to western USA.
Trichophorum rigidum (Steud.) Goetgh., Muasya & DA Simpson : The home is South America. It occurs in two subspecies:
- Trichophorum rigidum subsp. ecuadoriense Dhooge & Goetgh. : Ecuador.
- Trichophorum rigidum subsp. rigidum : Central Peru to northwest Argentina.
- Trichophorum schansiense Hand.-Mazz. : The home is China.
- Trichophorum subcapitatum (Thwaites & Hook.) DA Simpson : Home is tropical and subtropical Asia.
- Trichophorum uniflorum (Trautv.) Malyschev & Lukitsch. : The home is Siberia to Far Eastern Russia.
- William J. Crins: Trichophorum. In: Flora of North America , Volume 23, p. 28. (online)
- Manfred A. Fischer , Karl Oswald, Wolfgang Adler: Excursions flora for Austria, Liechtenstein and South Tyrol. 3rd, improved edition. State of Upper Austria, Biology Center of the Upper Austrian State Museums, Linz 2008, ISBN 978-3-85474-187-9 .
- Rafaël Govaerts (Ed.): Trichophorum. In: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP) - The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew . Retrieved August 21, 2018.
- E. Foerster: Sedges, rushes, ledges and other mock grasses of grassland. A key to determining throughout the growing season . LANUV worksheet 5, State Office for Nature, Environment and Consumer Protection North Rhine-Westphalia, Recklinghausen 2008. PDF , Online