Ravne na Koroškem

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Ravne na Koroškem
Gutenstein in Carinthia
Coat of arms of Ravne na Koroškem Map of Slovenia, position of Ravne na Koroškem highlighted
Basic data
Country SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia
Historic region Lower Carinthia
Statistical region Koroška
Coordinates 46 ° 33 '  N , 14 ° 58'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 32 '40 "  N , 14 ° 57' 54"  E
height 394  m. i. J.
surface 63.4  km²
Residents 11,302 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 178 inhabitants per km²
Post Code 2390
License Plate SG
Structure and administration
Mayor : Tomaž Rožen
Mailing address Gačnikova pot 5
2390 Ravne na Kor.

Ravne na Koroškem (until the end of the Second World War : Guštanj , German : Gutenstein ) is a small town and municipality in Slovenia . It is located in the historical Koroška ( Lower Carinthia ) region and in the statistical region of the same name .



Ravne is the largest city in the Mežatal ( Mieß ), which forms an approximately 600 m wide expansion here. Other notable bodies of water are the Zelenbreški potok ( Reka ) flowing in from the north and the Kotulja ( Dullbach ) flowing in from the south . In addition to the parts of the Mežatal, the municipality in the north and south also includes mountainous terrain, which is part of the Karavanke ( Karavanke ). The main town is at 394  m. ü. A. , the highest point is at 1699  m. ü. A. the Uršlja gora at the southern boundaries.

Community structure

The municipality comprises 16 localities. The German exonyms in brackets were mainly used by the German-speaking population until the area was ceded to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918 and are largely uncommon today. (Population figures as of January 1, 2017):

  • Brdinje ( Werdiniach ), 648
  • Dobja vas ( Aichdorf ), 676
  • Dobrije ( Dobriach ), 89
  • Koroški Selovec ( Sellouz ), 109
  • Kotlje ( Köttelach ), 1.062
  • Navrški Vrh ( Nauerschniggupf ), 81
  • Podgora ( Podgorach ), 306
  • Podkraj ( Podkrai ), 84
  • Preški Vrh ( Preschegupf ), 172
  • Ravne na Koroškem ( Gutenstein ), 6,632
  • Sele 1 ( Siele ), 0
  • Stražišče 1 ( Straschischa ), 215
  • Strojna ( Stroina ), 112
  • Tolsti Vrh 1 ( Fettengupf ), 916
  • Uršlja Gora ( Ursulaberg ), 27
  • Zelen Breg ( Schöllenberg ), 173

1 Sele, Stražišče and Tolsti Vrh only partially belong to the municipality of Ravne na Koroškem, the municipality of Slovenj Gradec includes another part of Sele, part of Stražišče is in Prevalje and part of Tolsti Vrh belongs to Dravograd .

Neighboring communities

Prevalje Neuhaus ( A ) Dravograd
Prevalje Neighboring communities Dravograd
Prevalje Črna na Koroškem Slovenj Gradec


The lower Miessal with the then Gutenstein and the confluence of the Mieß in the Drau near Unterdrauburg in the land survey 1877/78

The road Virunum - Celeia ran through today's Ravne in Roman times . In the 11th century, Heinrich II gave the area away to the Bamberg bishops, who settled German farmers who cleared and founded the town. The place was first mentioned in writing as Gutenstain in 1263 . After that the settlement became known as the center of blacksmithing. In addition to Prävali , Gutenstein became a center of the Lower Carinthian heavy industry. Until the end of the 19th century there was a steel mill for weapons in the place. With the decline of this branch of industry and the associated unemployment, many residents of the valley emigrated. A steel mill is still in operation in Ravne today.

In 1880 the then market town of Gutenstein had 930 inhabitants. Of these, 604 were German (65%) and 311 Slovenian (33%). In the last Austrian census of 1910, 75 percent of Gutensteiners named German as a colloquial language.

In 1893 the Slovenian author Prežihov Voranc was born in what is now the municipality . He dealt with the life of the disadvantaged in his homeland.

Until 1918, at the end of the First World War , Gutenstein belonged to the Crown Land of Carinthia , Cisleithania , Austria-Hungary . Despite its predominantly German population, it was assigned by the victorious powers to the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in the Treaty of Saint Germain and annexed by this after South Slav troops had already occupied the area militarily in 1919. During the Second World War, Gutenstein / Guštanj was briefly part of the Carinthian Gau of the German Empire .

After the end of World War II, Guštanj was renamed Ravne because of its German-sounding name.

Ravne received city ​​rights in Yugoslavia in 1952 .

Web links

Commons : Ravne na Koroškem  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Andrees Handatlas , index of names. Velhagen & Klasing, Bielefeld and Leipzig, 8th edition 1928, p. 558
  2. http://www.sloveniaholidays.com/deu/ravne-na-koroskem/touristeninformationen/vorstellung-des-ortes
  3. Special map of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy 1: 75,000 - Unterdrauburg 5354. (1913)
  4. Population tables of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia ( Slovene )
  5. ^ History
  6. sij metal ravne
  7. KK Statistische Central-Commission, Special-Orts-Repertorien of the kingdoms and countries represented in the Oesterreichischen Reichsrathe. Volume V Carinthia (Vienna 1883) p. 76.
  8. ^ Austrian National Library: ÖNB-ANNO - Austrian Statistics, New Series, 1910-1915. Retrieved February 17, 2018 .