|Historic region||Lower Carinthia / Koroška|
|Statistical region||Koroška (Slovenian Carinthia)|
|Residents||6,753 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||116 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code||(+386) 02|
|Structure and administration|
|Mayor :||Matic Tasič|
|Mailing address||Trg 2a
Prevalje ( German : Prävali ) is a small town and municipality in Slovenia . It is located in the historical Koroška ( Lower Carinthia ) region and in the statistical region of the same name . On January 1, 1999 Prevalje became an independent municipality.
Prevalje is located on a valley widening where the Meža ( Mieß ) flows from a narrow valley into a spacious landscape filled with fluvioglacial sediments. In the north, the settlement core is limited by the western foothills of the Strojna, Stražišče and Dolga Brda, in the south Navrški vrh (605 m) and Riflov vrh (726 m).
The historic center of the settlement is located on the left bank of the Meža, on the northern edge of the valley floor, in the Na Fari district ( parish village ) with the parish church of Marija na jezeru (Maria am See). The second historical center of the village is at the mouth of the Leški potok ( Lieschabach ) in the Meža. This is where the first industrial operations stood at the beginning of the 18th century, laying the foundation for the town's rapid economic and spatial development. The area around the main Dravograd - Mežica - Črna na Koroškem road forms the center of the vast town today .
The municipality comprises 13 localities. The German exonyms in brackets were mainly used by the German-speaking population until the area was ceded to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918 and are largely uncommon today. (Population figures as of January 1, 2017):
- Belšak (Weißenstein near Prävali), 64
- Breznica (Wriesenza), 159
- Dolga Brda (Langsteg), 371
- Jamnica (Jamnizen), 86
- Kot pri Prevaljah (Lieschathal, Winkel), 122
- Leše , 572
- Lokovica (Lokowitzen in Carinthia), 145
- Poljana (Pollein in Carinthia), 115
- Prevalje (Prevali), 4,565
- Stražišče 1 (Straschischa), 156
- Suhi Vrh (Dürngupf), 85
- Šentanel (Saint Daniel at Gutenstein), 191
- Zagrad (Sagradi), 122
1 Stražišče only partially belongs to the Prevalje municipality; the municipality of Ravne na Koroškem includes another part.
|Neuhaus ( A )||Ravne na Koroškem||Ravne na Koroškem|
|Bleiburg ( A )||Ravne na Koroškem|
|Mežica||Črna na Koroškem||Ravne na Koroškem|
The area of today's Prevalje was settled in earlier times. Interesting finds testify to this, e.g. B. a bronze ax, and the remains of a Hallstatt settlement. In 1860, around 50 Roman marble slabs were found in the river bed below today's Paloma pulp and cardboard factory in Zagrad. The stones belonged to a larger ancient burial site on the Roman road Celeia-Virunum. A few meters away, at the Brančurnik Inn, you can see a Roman sarcophagus - “Brančurnikova klop”.
The oldest written source about the parish church of Marija na jezeru comes from 1335, but the church is a lot older. The eastern bell tower, nave and presbytery have been preserved from the first Romanesque church . The clumsy bell tower with a baroque cap is striking. The interior is fully painted, the rich main altar with a depiction of the Assumption of Mary comes from the Renaissance.
In Zagrad, elevated above the Meža, the late Gothic, partly baroque church of sv. Barbara, with frescoes from the 15th century and surrounded by a wall.
At the beginning of the 19th century, mining was an important source of income. A zinc mine was built by the Austrian industrialist family Rosthorn in order to be able to manufacture brass parts in Oed in Lower Austria .
The area Mießtal belongs as well as the northeast adjacent Unterdrauburg and the little community south-east location Lake Valley to Crown Land Carinthia of Austria-Hungary and was after the First World War by the Treaty of Saint-Germain from September 1919 before the Carinthian plebiscite of 10 October 1920 ( in areas adjacent to the north) to the SHS state, then the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , now Slovenia. Mießenal is part of Slovenska Koroška .
In the course of the expansion of the Third Reich in World War II , Prävalje came under German civil administration from April 1941 until the end of the war and was attached to the Carinthia district.
After the end of the Second World War, a massacre took place in Liescha . In the summer of 2010 a mass grave from this period with the remains of around 700 people was found. Most of the victims came from Slovenia, some from Carinthia .
Prevali was once an important iron processing center. The development of the city was therefore always closely linked to the iron industry. The manufacturing industry still forms an important basis for the Prevalje economy, followed by trade, metal processing, transport and the construction industry. Services and tourism have also seen an upswing in recent years.
The largest companies in the municipality by number of employees (2003) are: Lesna (furniture factory), Koratur (bus company), Prevent (textile industry), Lek (pharmaceuticals), Jamnica (trade), Paloma (paper industry) and Instalater (engineering, services ). In terms of central location functions, Prevalje offers, among other things, several elementary schools, preschool, kindergartens, an infirmary, several local suppliers, banks and post offices.
In 1863, Prävali was opened up by the southern branch line, the Drautalbahn , which runs from Marburg to Unterdrauburg , Prävali, Bleiburg , Klagenfurt , Villach , Lienz and finally to Franzensfeste .
- Rose von Rosthorn-Friedmann (1864-1919) went down in the history of alpinism as the first to climb.
- Friedrich Gornik (1877–1943), Austrian sculptor and craftsman
- Maria Cäsar (1920–2017), Austrian resistance fighter, contemporary witness and KPÖ activist
- Special map of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy 1: 75,000 - Unterdrauburg 5354. (1913)
- Population tables of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene)
- Liescha becomes a place of forgiveness. Retrieved September 8, 2010 .
- Mass grave discovered near the Carinthian border. Retrieved September 8, 2010 .
- "The murderers made a joke". Archived from the original on November 13, 2010 .