Regius Professor of Divinity (Cambridge)
The Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Cambridge is a Regius Professorship for Theology founded in 1540 by King Henry VIII . At the same time as this professorship, the king founded the Regius Professur of Civil Law , the Regius Professur of Hebrew and the Regius Professur of Greek as well as a similar set of professorships at the University of Oxford .
In 1860 the statutes of the professorships for Divinity, Greek and Hebrew were redesigned.
|Martin Bucer||1550||The reformer and then Regius Professor of the same name at the University of Oxford , Peter Martyr Vermigli , induced Bucer to come to England, where he was offered the analogue professorship in Cambridge. In a public discussion, Bucer's position on a Lutheran doctrine was challenged by John Young (see below), Andrew Perne and Thomas Sedgwick (see below). When Bucer returned to Cambridge after visiting Martyr, he found that Young was giving lectures for the professorship in his place. His death in 1551 ended the confrontation without final clarification.|
|John Yong||MA, BD, DD (1553)||1555||1557||Yong, also known as John Young, was appointed during the attempted reintroduction of Catholicism under Mary I and was the driving force to that end at the University of Cambridge. After the death of Mary, he refused to take the oath on the Anglican religion. He was removed from office and imprisoned from 1561 until his death in 1580.|
|Thomas Sedgwick||1557||Like his predecessor and associate John Young, Sedgwick was a staunch Catholic who refused to take the oath on the Anglican Church.|
|James Pilkington||1559||Pilkington later became the first Anglican bishop of Durham. His brother, Leonard succeeded him in the office of professor.|
|Leonard Pilkington||1561||1562||Leonard gave up the professorship in the following year for unexplained reasons and retired to a parish in Whitburn.|
|John Whitgift||1567||The staunch Calvinist Whitgift did not enter the service of the Church until Elizabeth I ascended the throne and did not take his oath until 1560. His career culminated in his appointment as Archbishop of Canterbury .|
|William Chaderton||DD||1569||Chaderton, also Chadderton or Chatterton supported the moderate line against the emerging puritanism. With the support of political patrons, he became Bishop of Chester.|
|William Whitaker||MA, BD, DD||1580||Whitaker showed his aptitude early and was promoted by the then head of Trinity College, his predecessor John Whitgift. After being appointed Regius Professor, Whitaker taught the Calvinist interpretation of Protestantism, which strengthened Puritan forces and weakened Lutheran forces.|
|John Overall||1596||Overall was a moderate Calvinist. His appointment as Regius Professor to succeed Whitaker was seen as a signal. In 1614 Overall was made Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield.|
|John Richardson||DD||1606||Richardson was one of the first supporters of Arminianism and was thus in opposition with classical Calvinism. His excellent knowledge of the Hebrew language ensured that he became one of the English Bible translators, with others responsible for the translation of part of Book 1 of the Chronicles .|
|Samuel Collins||DD||1617||In the later years, the politically unpopular theologian was gradually withdrawn from his offices until he was left with a professorship and a parish (for regular income). In all these years he gave "for over forty years two lectures a week, none of which were the same as the others and yet without significant discrepancies in critical language."|
|John Arrowsmith||DD||1651 (1644)||1665|
|Anthony Tuckney||DD||1656||From 1655, the Puritan Tuckney was already holding the lectures instead of his predecessor Arrowsmith. After the Stuart Restoration , he was relieved of all offices.|
|Peter Gunning||DD||1661||The ardent royalist Gunning rose quickly in the church hierarchy in the wake of the Stuart Restoration. In 1661 he was transferred to the Regius Professorship instead of the Lady Margaret Professorship and the management of the more important St. John's College instead of Clare College . He had only assumed both offices in 1660. In 1669 he became Bishop of Chichester. Gunning was an opponent of the recently founded Royal Society , fearing that the sciences could undermine the faith.|
|Richard Bentley||DD||1717||Bentley had distinguished himself as an excellent mind at a young age, who argued brilliantly but also controversially. During his professorship, he led long controversies, not about teaching, but in his role as head of important colleges.|
|John Green||BD, DD||1748||1756||Green retired after his appointment as Dean of Lincoln, making him eligible for other university offices and the office of Vice Chancellor.|
|Thomas Rutherforth||DD||1745||1771||The contradiction in the dates of the professorships of Green and Rutherforth can not be resolved with the personal articles in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography . Rutherforth held his professorship until his death in 1771.|
|Richard Watson||DD||1771||1782||The death of Rutherforth in 1771 opened up the possibility of filling the prestigious Regius Professorship. Watson, who was said to have ambitions for the position, was actually not qualified. However, through personal influence he was able to secure the support of the king, was appointed Doctor of Divinity (DD) on October 14, 1771 , and Regius Professor on November 14 of the same year. When he took office, Watson said of himself that he knew little more of the subject than was to be expected of a man whose time was mostly occupied with other matters. In Watson's case, it was chemistry , where he penned some noteworthy papers. His book "Chemical Essays" was printed in seven editions. For lack of knowledge of systematic or historical theology, he limited his teachings to Bible studies, which he recognized as the only authority. His theological writings and sermons aroused widespread dissatisfaction. In 1782 Watson was consecrated as Bishop of Llandaff.|
|John Randolph||1783||1807||Randolph held many positions in the university hierarchy. From 1776 to 1783 he was Professor of Poetry, 1782 to 1783 he was Regius Professor of Greek , Professor of Moral Philosophy 1782 to 1786 and on August 30, 1783 he was also Regius Professor of Divinity. His theology lectures were held by candlelight. Notes were not checked, so most of the students slept during lectures. A student received an extensive syllabus and an even more extensive list of secondary literature for his studies . Randolph's influence at the university also helped him to be appointed Bishop of Oxford, where he was consecrated in 1799. With his consecration as Bishop of Bangor, he gave up the bishopric in Oxford.|
|John Kaye||DD||1816||1827||After Porson's death (September 25, 1808) Kaye was a candidate for the Regius Professur of Greek but withdrew in favor of James Henry Monk , later Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. In 1816 he became Regius Professor of Divinity and held public lectures again after well over a hundred years. His writings were published several times during his lifetime and are still considered milestones in theology. In July 1820, Kaye was proposed by the king to succeed William Lort Mansel as Bishop of Bristol . He took over the official business in 1827, for which he gave up the Regius Professorship. He remained in charge of Christ's College until 1830.|
|Thomas Turton||DD||1827||1842||Turton was Lucasian Professor of Mathematics from 1822 until 1826. He left the university briefly and was recalled after Kaye's resignation. He held the Regius Professorship until 1842.|
|Alfred Ollivant||DD||1843||1849||Ollivant was named Bishop of Llandaff in 1849 to succeed Edward Copleston .|
|James Amiraux Jeremie||DD; DCL||1850||1870||His lectures at Cambridge were considered to be those of a learned and good theologian who lacked liveliness and originality. When he was appointed Dean of Lincoln in 1864, despite the personal and professional difficulties, he was forced to continue to fill the Regius Professorship for six years. He finally retired from the professorship in 1870.|
|Brooke Foss Westcott||DD||1870||1890||After Jeremie's retirement from the professorship, Joseph Barber Lightfoot was considered the logical candidate. However, this offered all his influence to secure his teacher, Booke Westcott, the professorship. In November 1870, Westcott was appointed Regius Professor. Westcott tried to adapt old ideals and values to modern times and to establish faith as a guideline in his time. One of Westcott's students was the future Regius Professor of Divinity at Oxford, Henry Scott Holland . In 1875 Westcott was appointed chaplain to the Queen. In 1890, Queen Victoria recommended that Westcott be elected Bishop of Durham.|
|Henry Barclay Swete||DD||1890||Swete was also the king's honorary chaplain.|
|Vincent Henry Stanton||DD||1916||1922||Born in China , Stanton taught as the Ely Professor of Divinity for almost 30 years before being appointed Regius Professor. As an author, he contributed to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.|
|Charles Earle Raven||1932||1950||From 1939 to 1950, Raven also directed Christ's College, Cambridge. He is a founding member of the British Society for the History of Science .|
|Arthur Michael Ramsey||1950||1952||In 1952, Queen Elizabeth I proposed Ramsey for election as Bishop of Durham .|
|John Burnaby||1952||1958||The veteran of the First World War, he served in Gallipoli and France, rose in the university hierarchy from 1915 until he took over his final position as Regius Professor in 1952.|
|Edward Craddock Ratcliffe||1958|
|Dennis Eric Nineham||1964||1969||Nineham's academic education and reputation had grown at the University of Oxford, where he returned after five years in office.|
|Geoffrey William Hugo lamp||1971||1979|
|Henry Chadwick||KBA, FBA||1979|
|Stephen Whitefield Sykes||MA||1985||1990||Sykes withdrew from the professorship to take on the office of Bishop of Ely . He later took on the Van Mildert Professorship of Divinity at the University of Durham .|
|David Frank Ford||1991||Ford initiated the Cambridge Inter-Faith Program in 2002 to promote dialogue between different religions.|
|Ian Alexander McFarland||2015|
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- Notice on the appointment of Brooke Fors Westcott as Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Cambridge in the London Gazette of May 9, 1879.
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