Horse chestnut family
|Horse chestnut family|
Common horse chestnut ( Aesculus hippocastanum )
The hippocastanoideae (Hippocastanoideae) are a sub-family in the plant family of soap tree plants (Sapindaceae). It contains four genera with around 130 species. They are woody plants with a distribution focus in the northern temperate areas.
The genera of the subfamily horse chestnut plants were previously placed in their own families maple plants (Aceraceae) and horse chestnut plants (Hippocastanaceae). The classification into the soap tree family (Sapindaceae) and the delimitation of the subfamilies is controversial. Handel iodendron forms a monophyletic group together with Aesculus and Billia .
The four subfamilies of the soap tree family (Sapindaceae) are differentiated according to the structure of the ovary ; the Sapindoideae have only one ovule , while the Hippocastanoideae have two ovules per ovary compartment (corresponds to one carpel).
The subfamily of the Hippocastanoideae contains four genera with about 130 species . By far the most species-rich genus are the maples ( Acer ) with around 110 species. Here is the list of genres (according to GRIN):
- Maples ( Acer L. ): The approximately 110 species, depending on the author up to 200 species, are widespread in the northern hemisphere .
- Horse chestnuts ( Aesculus L. ): Most of the twelve species are found in North America, some species are common in Asia and only one species is native to southeast Europe.
- Billia Peyr. : The only two species are distributed from southern Mexico to Ecuador.
- Dipteronia ( Dipteronia Oliv. ): The only two species are native to China .
- Handeliodendron Rehder : It contains only one species:
- Description of the Hippocastanoideae as part of the description of the Sapindaceae family on the AP website. (Section systematics and description)
- Entry on Aceraceae in the Flora of China
- Entry on Hippocastanaceae in the Flora of China
- Hippocastanoideae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), USDA , ARS , National Genetic Resources Program. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved August 26, 2013.