SMS Brandenburg (1891)
The four ships of the Brandenburg class were the first radio- equipped ships of the German Navy and the first German warships to be equipped on a larger scale with belt armor made of nickel steel. The installation of the heavy artillery of six 28 cm guns in three twin turrets on the midship line was progressive, as this enabled broadside fire with all guns on both sides. The following ships of the so-called Kaiser Friedrich -class went back to the smaller caliber of 24 cm and only four guns fore and aft .
Two of the ships, the Elector Friedrich Wilhelm and the Weißenburg , were sold to the Ottoman Empire in 1910 . The former was sunk in the Dardanelles in 1915 by the British submarine E11 under its new name Barbaros Hayreddin , while the Weißenburg survived the war under its new name Torgud Reis , was converted into a training ship in 1924, later used as the Hulk and ultimately in was in service with the Turkish Navy.
A serious accident occurred on the Brandenburg during a test drive on February 16, 1894 . When the main steam pipe burst, caused by a material defect in a valve on the starboard engine, 44 people were killed (25 men from the crew, 18 from the shipyards and one member of the examination committee) and seven were wounded.
In 1900 the Brandenburg was sent together with the II. Division to suppress the Boxer Rebellion in China , but without taking part in any fighting there. At the beginning of 1901 an overhaul took place in Hong Kong . After further maneuvers, the II. Division received the order to return home in May and was back in Wilhelmshaven in August 1901 . From 1903 to 1904 the ship was modernized at the Kaiserliche Werft in Wilhelmshaven. In April 1905 the Brandenburg was put back into service and assigned to the 2nd Squadron.
After the First World War , she served as part of the V Squadron under Vice Admiral Grabow, in the coast guard service. But already in December 1915, the outdated ship was decommissioned in order to be used for a while as a living hulk and distillation ship for the extraction of fresh water in Libau . The guns were expanded and should be handed over to Turkey . The ship was moved to Gdansk in 1919 to be converted into a target ship, but this work was never completed. It was removed from the list of warships on May 13, 1919, and the ship was finally scrapped in Gdansk in 1920.
- Captain Bendemann - November 1893 to September 1894
- Captain of the Sea Geissler - September 1894 to September 1895
- Sea captain Wodrig - September 1895 to October 1896
- Captain of the sea from Eickstedt - October 1896 to September 1897
- Dresky Sea Captain - September 1897 to September 1899
- Sea Captain Carl Rosendahl - September 1899 to September 1901
- Sea captain Eugen Kalau vom Hofe - September 1901 to September 1902
- Sea captain Brussatis - October 1902
- Sea captain von Witzleben - April 1905 to September 1906
- Captain Eckermann - October 1906 to September 1907
- Captain of the Sea Freiherr von Dalwigk - August 1910 to September 1910
- Captain Uthemann - September 1910 to February 1911
- Captain Hahn - February 1911 to October 1911
- Sea captain Most - August 1914 to April 1915
- Sea captain Karl Freiherr von Müffling - April 1915 to December 1915
- Dirk Nottelmann: The Brandenburg class. Technology - history - missions . Mittler & Sohn Verlag, ISBN 3-8132-0740-4 .
- Jürgen W. Schmidt: The devastating accident on the liner BRANDENBURG on February 16, 1894. Technical causes and judicial punishment , in: German shipping archive . Vol. 30, 2007, pp. 323-346.