City of Schortens
|Height :||3 m above sea level NN|
|Residents :||2129 (Dec. 31, 2013)|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 1972|
|Postal code :||26419|
|Area code :||04423|
Sillenstede is a district of the city of Schortens in the district of Friesland , in Lower Saxony . The district has 2129 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2013). The once independent municipality was added to the municipality of Schortens as part of the regional reform in Lower Saxony in 1972. Schortens has been a city since January 2005.
Sillenstede was first mentioned in 1138 as Celensteda in a document in the Vatican Archives . Via the modifications Zelansteda (1350), Szelinstede (1354), Tzillenstede (1438), the name developed into Sillenstede. The current church was completed in 1233. From Sillenstede a feud between Östringern and Wangerern began, the end of which was the reason for the building of the church in Schortens.
The parish of Sillenstede belonged to some smaller farmers, including what is now the Grafschaft district , as well as Glarum and Moorhausen. During the Second World War , Sillenstede was the location of the Sillenstede heavy flak battery . After the Second World War, Accum and Grafschaft were added to the newly founded municipality of Sillenstede . In the course of the regional reform , Sillenstede became part of the municipality of Schortens on July 1, 1972.
Today's Evangelical Lutheran St. Florian Church was completed in 1233. With a length of 48 m it is the largest and most important granite square church in Friesland. The church was dedicated to St. Florian , the patron saint in need of fire and water. As in numerous Lutheran congregations in north-west Germany, instead of a weathercock, there is a swan on the church roof , which in the Christian context is interpreted as a symbol for the reformer Martin Luther. In the church, which has been Protestant since the Reformation, there is a baptismal font from 1250, one of the oldest and most valuable baptismal fonts in the Oldenburger Land . The Passion Altar from 1515/1520 is carved from oak and shows the passion of Jesus Christ in 13 pictures. Another showpiece is the Johann Adam Berner organ from 1757. Despite significant expansion, it has retained its original sound. 11 of today's 21 registers are original. The Bern organ is the focus of a series of organ concerts that offer an organ concert every Saturday from the beginning of June to mid-September.
Another attraction is the Dutch windmill , built in 1862 , which is located in a residential area between Mühlenstraße and Georg-Janßen-Straße. The mill operation was stopped in 1964 for economic reasons. After that, it was initially used as a location for a land trade before it came into private ownership in 1978 and was converted into residential purposes without the external appearance having to suffer.
- Pastor Carl Woebcken , local history researcher and genealogist
- Arthur Eden , painter
- Gerd Hergen Lübben , writer
- Georg Janssen (Janssen-Sillenstede), local history researcher and genealogist
- Johann Ludwig Hinrichs , co-founder of the German Baptist congregations , was an assistant teacher at the Sillensteder elementary school before 1840.
- Georg Schipper , local researcher and MdL
- Theodor Pekol , company founder
- Gustav Pielstick , engine designer
- Jonas Schlagowsky , actor
- Sillenstede. In: Carl Woebcken: Jeverland. What has been and what has remained. Booklet 8 of the communications of the Jeverland antiquity and homeland association. CL Mettcker & Sons, Jever (Oldbg.) O. J.
- Georg Dehio: Handbook of the German art monuments. Band Bremen, Lower Saxony. Knowledge Darmstadt Book Society, 1977.
- Population the city of Schortens 2013 ( memento of the original from July 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- NLA OL Rep 400 Order. 138 No. 156 - Integration of the community ... - Arcinsys detail page. Retrieved December 18, 2017 .
- Chronikkreis Sillenstede ( Memento of the original from September 5, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 275 .
- Dehio: dating to the 12th century is also possible
- Cf. on this: Ummo Lübben, Weather Swans on Lutheran Churches between Ems and Jade (Norden 2010); ISBN 978-3-939870-35-7
- Church music in St. Florian , viewed on June 9, 2011.
- nwzonline.de: The windmill now serves as a residential building , accessed on September 6, 2014