City Parish Church of the Assumption of Mary (Vilsbiburg)
The parish church of the Assumption of Mary in Vilsbiburg in the Lower Bavarian district of Landshut is a late-Gothic church that was built in the 15th century. Alongside the pilgrimage church of Maria Hilf , also known as the mountain church , it is the second large church in Vilsbiburg. In contrast to this, the locals simply refer to it as the city parish church .
From today's perspective, the first mention of a church in Vilsbiburg goes back to 1265. A parish should have already existed at this time . Today's late Gothic church was built from 1406, consecrated on August 18, 1437 and completed towards the end of the 15th century. The church tower was originally covered with a pointed helmet. In 1671 it was increased in the Baroque style and in 1689 it was increased by an onion. In the second half of the 17th century, the interior of the church was also largely changed to Baroque style. Regotisation began around 1850, and almost all baroque furnishings were removed. In the years 1855 and 1856 a completely neo-Gothic interior was created by the Munich sculptor Johann Petz . This included the high altar, the cross altar, four side altars, the pulpit and the cross-way table. Around 1910 a large extension in the neo-baroque style was under discussion. Joseph Elsner senior had already been won over as an architect and detailed plans had been drawn up. This project, which was to be built a "cathedral of Vilstals", but was after the First World War discarded
With a few exceptions, the neo-Gothic furnishings were removed again in 1948. During an external renovation in 1960, the plaster was removed and the Gothic brick masonry made visible again. This essentially gave the house of God its present form. In the course of this work, the parish church also received its current organ from the workshop of Guido Nenninger . In 1978 and 1979 the parish church was renovated again. The altar room with the people's altar was designed by the artist and sculptor Joseph Michael Neustifter in modern forms. In 1994 repairs were again required due to moisture in the masonry.
The imposing staggered hall church consists of three naves and a single-nave choir. The entire interior is equipped with a conspicuously orange colored mesh vault . The three nave aisles are separated by four squat rectangular pillars with bevels on the edges and sharp dividing arches. The three-part nave windows are also ogival and contain neo-Gothic tracery with fish bubble ornaments . The three windows of the east choir, on the other hand, have modern glass paintings from 1955, created by Heinrich Diermeier. They show scenes from the life of Jesus and the Assumption of Mary .
The west tower of the parish church with onion dome is 75 meters high and is reminiscent of the Frauenkirche in Munich due to the greenish patina of the onion covered with copper sheet . The basement of the tower is almost as wide as the nave of the church and contains a vestibule accessible from the north and south. In addition, the side aisles each have an ogival portal to the north and south.
Today's high altar of the church consists of a neo-Gothic fourteen helpers shrine (1876), the Petz'schen tabernacle (1855) and a later bricked stipes. From the late Gothic period around 1500 a painted and gilded wooden sculpture of Mary with the child as well as a wooden sculpture of Christ at rest have been preserved. The latter comes from the former Heiliggeistspital in Vilsbiburg. On the side aisle wall there is also a former choir arch crucifix by the Vilsbiburg sculptor Michael Wagner from the 18th century, flanked by the side figures Maria and Johannes .
The three keystones in the choir show the coats of arms of Bavaria, Saxony and Austria. The Bavarian coat of arms refers to the Wittelsbach Duchy of Bavaria-Landshut , under whose rule the church building was built. The Austrian coat of arms points to Margaret of Austria , the wife of Duke Heinrich XVI. from Bavaria-Landshut . The Saxon coat of arms comes from Amalia von Sachsen , the wife of Duke Ludwig IX. from Bavaria-Landshut .
The main organ of the parish church was built by Guido Nenninger around 1960 and has a total of 33 stops on three manuals and pedal . The slider chest instrument has mechanical performance and stop actions . The disposition is as follows:
- Coupling : II / I, III / I, III / P, II / P, I / P
The predecessor instruments - both not preserved - are a two-manual organ with a total of 18 registers by Franz Borgias Maerz from Munich from 1900 and a two-manual organ with a total of 22 registers by Ferdinand Hörmüller from Tittmoning from 1837. The latter was housed in a baroque prospectus from 1654, which originally contained an instrument by Georg Paur from Passau.
The bells of the church form an early post-war chime, which is one of the largest and deepest chimes in the diocese of Regensburg . It was collected on April 7, 1949 and consecrated on Palm Sunday , April 10, 1949 by Regensburg Auxiliary Bishop Johann Baptist Höcht . The bells are distributed over two bells. For static reasons, the bells hang on slightly cranked yokes, which are mounted on steel bell frames. Listed here:
|No.||Surname||Casting year||Caster||Weight [kg]||diameter||Percussive
( HT - 1 / 16 )
|1.||Maria||1949||Bell foundry Johann Hahn||5200||g 0 +6|
|2.||Sebastian||2915||b 0 +2|
|3.||Joseph||2050||c 1 +2|
|4th||Anna||1025||d 1 +6|
|5.||Alosius||700||f 1 +4|
|6th||Markus||500||g 1 +2|
|7th||Isidore||1926||311||b 1 -4|
|8th.||Barbara||1949||225||c 2 +2|
- The historical development of the parish church . Online at www.pfarrei-vilsbiburg.de. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
- A cathedral in the upper Vilstal? . Online at www.pfarrei-vilsbiburg.de. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
- Description of the parish church . Online at www.pfarrei-vilsbiburg.de. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
- Cult equipment of the parish church . Online at www.pfarrei-vilsbiburg.de. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
- The three coats of arms in the parish church choir . Online at www.pfarrei-vilsbiburg.de. Retrieved December 6, 2015.
- organs Vilsbiburg city parish church . Online at www.kirchenmusik-vilsbiburg.de. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
- Bavarian organ database online
- The bells of the parish church and their history . Online at www.pfarrei-vilsbiburg. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
- Vilsbiburg, parish church of the Assumption of Mary . Online at www.glockenklaenge.de. Retrieved March 12, 2016.