Stephanie von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Stephanie Josepha Friederike Wilhelmine Antonia von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (born July 15, 1837 in Krauchenwies , † July 17, 1859 in Lisbon ) was a princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and, by marriage, Queen of Portugal .
Stephanie was born as the daughter of Prince Karl Anton von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1811–1885) and Josephine (1813–1900), daughter of Grand Duke Carl von Baden , at Krauchenwies Castle . She had five siblings, including the future King Carol I of Romania and the Spanish pretender Leopold . Until her marriage, Stephanie lived with her family in Düsseldorf , where her father, the last sovereign of the Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen , in the function of a Prussian divisional commander, had moved into Jägerhof Palace when Stephanie was 15 . The princess was trained artistically by Heinrich Mücke in painting and by Clara Schumann on the piano. She married King Peter V (1837–1861) of Portugal on May 18, 1858 in Lisbon . The couple's engagement had already taken place in December of the previous year in Düsseldorf. Her brother Leopold and the Prussian master of ceremonies Rudolf von Stillfried-Rattonitz had accompanied them to Portugal . The latter received the elevation as Count of Alcantara to the Portuguese grandee .
Stephanie died a year after the wedding, deeply mourned by the Portuguese population, at the age of 22 of diphtheria , which left Peter V in severe depression. Because of her untimely death, her marriage to Peter remained childless. Her husband died just two years after her.
In Düsseldorf and later also in Lisbon, the charitable Stephanie was known to people as the “angel of the poor”. Just one year after her death, a memorial was erected for her in Düsseldorf: the bust of the queen on a black marble column was created by Schadow's student Julius Bayerle . The monument to Princess Stephanie von Hohenzollern was renewed in 1890 by the sculptor Josef Tüshaus . In 1859, the lyricist Wolfgang Müller von Königswinter wrote a poem lamenting Stephanie's death.
Every year on the second Sunday in May, Düsseldorf's shooters commemorate the queen on St. Stephen's Day. In the center of Düsseldorf, Stephanienstraße (Klosterstraße to Leopold-Straße) is reminiscent of the Hohenzollern family, and a hospital in central Lisbon is named after Stephanie. Citizens of Düsseldorf and Lisbon donated a bust to what is now the Portuguese Foreign Ministry . A memorial plaque is on the garden front of Jägerhof Palace in Düsseldorf.
- Tribe list of the Hohenzollern
- List of queens of Portugal
- List of kings of Portugal
- History of Portugal
- Timeline of the history of Portugal
- Piety and poverty
- Katharina Diez : Stephanie, Queen of Portugal. Life picture of a German princess from our time. Scheitlin, Stuttgart 1864.
- Antje Kahnt: Düsseldorf's strong women - 30 Portraits Droste, Düsseldorf 2016, ISBN 978-3-7700-1577-1 , pp. 61–66.
- Works by and about Stephanie von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in the German Digital Library
- Wilhelm Herchenbach's death wreath on Stephanie's grave (p. 71)
- Women's history in Düsseldorf street names - Stephanienstraße. In: Frauen-Kultur-Archiv . .
- Rudolf Graf von Stillfried-Alcántara: Description and history of the castle. Edited by Ulrich Feldhahn. Berlin-Story-Verlag, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-929829-55-X , p. 160.
- Johann Caspar Bluntschli , Karl Ludwig Theodor Brater : German State Dictionary. Volume 8: ( Peel - Russia). Expedition of the State Dictionary, Stuttgart 1864, p. 168 .
- Karl Baedeker : The Rhineland from the Swiss to the Dutch border, Black Forest, Vosges, Haardt, Odenwald, [...]. 14th improved and increased edition. Baedeker, Koblenz 1866, p. 338.
- Sankt Sebastianus Schützenverein: Stephanienbüste , website accessed on February 22, 2017.
- Clemens von Looz-Corswarem, Benedikt Mauer (ed.): Das Großes Düsseldorf Lexikon , Greven Verlag, Cologne 2012, ISBN 978-3-7743-0485-7 , p. 682.
- Hospital Dona Estefânia ( Memento of the original dated February 23, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Website accessed February 22, 2017.
|Auguste de Beauharnais||
Queen of Portugal
|Maria Pia of Savoy|
|SURNAME||Stephanie von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Stephanie Josepha Friederike Wilhelmine Antonia von (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Queen of Portugal by marriage|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 15, 1837|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Krauchenwies|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 17, 1859|
|Place of death||Lisbon|